440 International Those Were the Days
October 28

Events - October 28
1636 - The Massachusetts General Court provided 400 pounds to support a school or college, and so, Harvard University was founded in Cambridge, MA.

1886 - An emblem of Franco-American unity, the Statue of Liberty, was presented to the American people by the French and unveiled this day. The Statue of Liberty, at Bedloe’s Island in New York Harbor, is the work of French sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, who called it "Liberty Enlightening the World". Bartholdi was present at the dedication presided over by U.S. President Grover Cleveland.

1904 - Fingerprinting was first used by the St. Louis Police Department.

1927 - Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) flew the first international flight -- from Key West, Florida to Havana, Cuba.

1940 - The Greek people had much to celebrate. Their resistance and military had turned back Mussolini’s troops and Greece’s borders were closed to the Nazi supporters. This day is still celebrated throughout Greece as Ohi (No!) Day.

1946 - Our favorite flying cowboy was heard on ABC radio for the first time. "Sky King" starred Jack Lester, then Earl Nightingale, and finally, Roy Engel, as Sky. Beryl Vaughn played Sky’s niece Penny; Jack Bivens was Chipper and Cliff Soubier was the foreman. "Sky King" was sponsored by Mars candy.

1950 - Jack Benny took his well-known radio show [on radio for 20 years] to television without missing a beat. Audiences watching CBS-TV this night at 7:30 p.m. finally got to see the stingy, vain-about-his-age, Benny. There he was with his violin, ancient Maxwell car, and his basement vault in living black and white. Eventually, TV audiences got to see Jack Benny, his wife Mary Livingstone, and his friends Eddy ‘Rochester’ Anderson, Don Wilson and Dennis Day in living color. The show lasted on TV for fifteen years!

1961 - Brian Epstein, a record store owner in London, was asked by a customer for a copy of the record, "My Bonnie", by a group known as The Silver Beatles. He didn’t have it in stock so he went to the Cavern Club to check out the group. He signed to manage them in a matter of days and renamed them The Beatles.

1961 - Groundbreaking ceremonies were held for the Municipal Stadium at the former site of the New York World’s Fair in Flushing, NY. The name was later changed to Shea Stadium, after New York Commissioner William A. Shea.

1965 - The Gateway Arch (630ft/192m high), St. Louis, Missouri, was completed. Construction had begun Feb 12, 1963.

1973 - Secretariat raced into history by winning the Canadian International Stakes in Toronto. It was the last race won ... and run ... by the magnificent thoroughbred.

1974 - Rhoda Morgenstern made TV history as she married Joe Girard on "Rhoda" on CBS. The show was a spin-off from the hugely successful "The Mary Tyler Moore Show".

1978 - Nick Gilder’s "Hot Child in the City" was the number one single on the "Billboard Hot 100". The hit was a track from Gilder’s "City Nights" album.

1980 - Annette Funicello, Cubby O’Brien, Tommy Cole, Sherry Alberoni and Dickie Dodd joined other Mouseketeers wearing black ears and white shirts on a sound stage in Burbank, CA. They were celebrating the 25th anniversary of the "Mickey Mouse Club". While we’re celebrating the "Mickey Mouse Club", do you remember the five special events each week? There was Fun with Music Day on Monday, Guest Star Day on Tuesday, Anything Can Happen Day on Wednesday, Circus Day on Thursday and Talent Roundup Day on Friday. “Y? Because we LIKE you!”

1981 - Game 6 of the World Series saw the Los Angeles Dodgers storm back, winning their forth straight game (9-2), and the championship, after having been down two games to none to the New York Yankees. Rookie pitcher Fernando Valenzuela started the Dodger comeback, and batters Ron Cey, Pedro Guerrero, Steve Garvey, and Steve Yeager took them the rest of the way. There had been genuine concern that snow might interfere with the Fall Classic since it was being played so late in the season in New York City. And we worry about that every year that there’s a World Series game in a northern city...

1989 - The Oakland Athletics beat the San Francisco Giants 9-6 to complete a four-game sweep of the World Series, the first World Series sweep since 1976. The A’s scored first in every game and never lost the lead once. Oakland pitcher Dave Stewart pitched two games, won two games, struck out fourteen hitters in sixteen innings, had an earned run average of 1.69 and was named MVP. The Series will be remembered not not only for the A’s dominance, but but for the earthquake before game three that killed sixty- seven people in the San Francisco Bay area.

1995 - Atlanta Braves right fielder David Justice broke a scoreless tie with the Cleveland Indians. It was a solo home run in the bottom of the sixth in in Game 6 of the World Series, and it was all the Braves would need. Pitcher/Series MVP Tom Glavine allowed just one hit in eight innings, and Mark Wohlers pitched a perfect ninth to seal the championship, the first in Atlanta’s history.

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Birthdays - October 28
1466 - Desiderius Erasmus (Gerhard Gerhards) (scholar, author: Encomium Moriae [In Praise of Folly]; died July 12, 1536)

1842 - Anna Elizabeth Dickinson (abolitionist, women’s rights advocate, orator, author: ‘American Joan of Arc’; died Oct 22, 1932)

1846 - Auguste Escoffier (‘King of Chefs and Chef of Kings’: invented Peach Melba; Legion d’Honneur: contribution to international reputation of French cuisine; died Feb 12, 1935)

1896 - Howard Hanson (Pulitzer Prize-winning composer: Symphony No. 4 [1944]; George Foster Peabody Award [1946]; Laurel Leaf of the American Composers Alliance [1957]; Huntington Hartford Foundation Award [1959]; Priz de Rome [1921]; president: Eastman School of Music; died Feb 26, 1981)

1897 - Edith Head (Academy Award-winning costume designer: 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1960, 1973; died Oct 24, 1981)

1902 - Elsa Lanchester (Elizabeth Sullivan) (actress: Come to the Stable, Witness for the Prosecution, The Bride of Frankenstein, Nanny and the Professor, The John Forsythe Show; wife of actor Charles Laughton; died Dec 26, 1986)

1914 - Dr. Jonas Salk (medical researcher: Salk polio vaccine; AIDS research; died June 23, 1995)

1915 - Dody Goodman (comedienne, actress: Forever Fernwood, Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman, The Jack Paar Show, Punky Brewster, Diff’rent Strokes; TV panelist: Liar’s Club; died Jun 22, 2008)

1926 - Bowie Kuhn (attorney; baseball commissioner [1969-1984]died Mar 15, 2007)

1929 - Joan Plowright (actress: Avalon, Dennis the Menace, Enchanted April, The Merchant of Venice, Equus, The Entertainer; wife of actor Lord Lawrence Olivier)

1930 - Bruce Morton (Emmy Award-winning news correspondent: The CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite: Reports from the Lt. Calley Trial [1970-71]; CNN; died Sep 5, 2014)

1932 - Suzy Parker (Cecelia Anne Renee Parker) (model, actress: The Interns, The Best of Everything, Ten North Frederick, Funny Face; died May 3, 2003)

1934 - Jim Beatty (National Track & Field Hall of Famer: LA Track Club distance runner; Sullivan Award-winner [1962]: AAU indoor-mile champion [1961-63]: 1st person to run an indoor mile under 4 minutes [3:59.9])

1936 - Charlie Daniels (CMA Award-winning musician [1979]: guitar, fiddle; singer: group: Charlie Daniels Band: The Devil Went Down to Georgia, Uneasy Rider, Still in Saigon; in film: Urban Cowboy)

1937 - Lenny Wilkens (Basketball Hall of Famer: St. Louis Hawks, Cleveland Cavaliers; player/coach: Seattle Supersonics: 1979 NBA championship, Portland Trail Blazers; VP/General Mgr.: Seattle Supersonics; coach: Cleveland Cavaliers, Atlanta Hawks)

1939 - Jane Alexander (Quigley) (Emmy Award-winning actress: Playing for Time [1980-81]; Kramer vs. Kramer, The Great White Hope, All the President’s Men, Eleanor & Franklin; chairperson: National Endowment for the Arts)

1941 - Curtis Lee (singer: Pretty Little Angel Eyes, Under the Moon of Love; died Jan 8, 2015)

1941 - Hank Marvin (Brian Rankin) (musician: guitar: group: The Shadows: Apache, Kon Tiki, Wonderful Land, Dance On, Foot Tapper, Don’t Cry for Me Argentina)

1942 - Michael (John) Crichton (writer: Jurassic Park, Twister, Rising Sun, The Great Train Robbery, The Terminal Man, Disclosure, The Great Impostor, The Secret of Canta Victoria, Congo; director: Runaway, Coma, Westworld, The Great Train Robbery; died Nov 4, 2008)

1944 - Dennis Franz (Schlachta) (Emmy Award-winning actor: N.Y.P.D. Blue [1995-1996, 1996-1997, 1998-1999]; Nasty Boys, Hill Street Blues, Chicago Story, Beverly Hills Buntz, The Bay City Blues, Die Hard 2: Die Harder, Body Double, Psycho 2, Dressed to Kill)

1945 - Wayne Fontana (Glyn Ellis) (singer: group: The Mindbenders: Game of Love, Um, Um, Um, Um, Um, Um; solo: Come on Home, Pamela Pamela)

1948 - Telma Hopkins (singer: group: Dawn: Candida, Knock Three Times, Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree; actress: A New Kind of Family, Getting By, Family Matters, Bosom Buddies, Gimme a Break, Tony Orlando and Dawn)

1949 - Bruce (William) Jenner aka Caitlyn Jenner (National Track & Field and Olympic Hall of Famer: Olympic Gold Medalist: decathlon winner [1976]; AP Athlete of the Year, Sullivan Award-winner [1976]; sportscaster; Wheaties box star)

1952 - Annie Potts (actress: Designing Women, Love & War, Goodtime Girls, Breaking the Rules, Who’s Harry Crumb?, Jumpin’ Jack Flash, Ghost Busters series)

1955 - Bill Gates (William H. Gates) (computer software mogul, richest man the the world, president and chief software architect of Microsoft Corporation)

1960 - Mark Derwin (actor: The Guiding Light, The Young and the Restless)

1962 - Daphne Zuniga (actress: The Sure Thing, Melrose Place, Modern Girls, Spaceballs, Last Rites, Gross Anatomy, The Fly II, Staying Together, Degree of Guilt, Stories from My Childhood)

1963 - Lauren Holly (actress: Dumb & Dumber, All My Children, A Smile Like Yours, Picket Fences, Down Periscope, Chicago Hope, Any Given Sunday, What Women Want)

1964 - Paul Wylie (Olympic medalist: figure skating)

1965 - Jami Gertz (actress: Square Pegs, Sibs, The Lost Boys, Quicksilver, Sixteen Candles, Alphabet City)

1967 - Julia Roberts (Academy Award-winning actress: Erin Brockovich [2000]; Pretty Woman, Mystic Pizza, Steel Magnolias, Dying Young, Hook, The Pelican Brief, I Love Trouble, Mary Reilly, Blood Red, Flatliners, My Best Friend’s Wedding, Conspiracy Theory, Runaway Bride, Ocean’s Eleven)

1974 - Joaquin Phoenix (actor: Parenthood, SpaceCamp, Russkies, Seven Brides for Seven Brothers, Walking the Dog, Return to Paradise, Clay Pigeons, 8MM, Gladiator, Buffalo Soldiers)

1977 - Lauren Woodland (actress: Alien Nation, Frame-Up II: The Cover-Up, Sunset Beach, Port Charles, Undressed, The Young and the Restless)

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Chart Toppers - October 28
I’ll Walk Alone - Dinah Shore
Dance with the Dolly - The Russ Morgan Orchestra (vocal: Al Jennings)
The Trolley Song - Judy Garland
Smoke on the Water - Red Foley

You Belong to Me - Jo Stafford
Wish You Were Here - Eddie Fisher
I Went to Your Wedding - Patti Page
Jambalaya (On the Bayou) - Hank Williams

I Want to Be Wanted - Brenda Lee
The Twist - Chubby Checker
Devil or Angel - Bobby Vee
Alabam - Cowboy Copas

Hey Jude - The Beatles
Little Green Apples - O.C. Smith
Those Were the Days - Mary Hopkin
Then You Can Tell Me Goodbye - Eddy Arnold

If You Leave Me Now -Chicago
Still the One - Orleans
Rock’n Me - Steve Miller
You and Me - Tammy Wynette

I Just Called to Say I Love You - Stevie Wonder
Caribbean Queen (No More Love on the Run) - Billy Ocean
Hard Habit to Break - Chicago
If You’re Gonna Play in Texas (You Gotta Have a Fiddle in the Band) - Alabama

Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...

Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440fun.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams

Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International

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