440 International Those Were the Days
October 27

Events - October 27
1904 - The first subway cars were placed in operation, forming the New York City subway system. The cars operated between the Brooklyn Bridge and Broadway; from City Hall to W. 145th Street. This was the first underwater, underground rail system in the world.

1917 - Jascha Heifetz made his debut at Carnegie Hall in New York City. Heifetz was a 16-year-old sensation who had played the violin since age 5.

1920 - Marconi, Fessenden, and De Forest were the catalysts. However, it was an engineer for Westinghouse Electric who, in 1916, was broadcasting music from his garage (in Wilkinsburg, PA, a suburb of Pittsburgh) over a wireless -- amateur radio station 8XK -- that really got the whole thing started. A newspaper article about the broadcasts caused such interest that the head honchos at Westinghouse decided to build a real radio station. It took until this day in 1920 for the Westinghouse radio station to receive a license to broadcast. The license for KDKA, Pittsburgh came from the U.S. Department of Commerce. Although the license was officially issued on this day, KDKA did not start their broadcast operations for a week (they had to wait until the license was posted in the station). On November 2, 1920, the station aired the returns of the Harding/Cox election ... the first radio programming to reach an audience of any size ... approximately 1,000 people. And so we salute this day as the official birthday of mass appeal radio.

1925 - It isn’t as exciting as radio’s birthday, maybe, but it was an exciting day for Fred Waller, who received a license of sorts from the U.S. Patent Office. Mr. Waller invented water skis. Now if he could have only invented an easy way to get up on those skis...

1941 - "Everything I Love", by Buddy Clark, was recorded this day -- on the Okeh label (number 6469).

1947 - "This is Nora Drake" premiered on NBC radio. Nora solved domestic, social and child-raising problems until January 2, 1959.

1947 - “The one, the only Groucho” Marx appeared as quizmaster on "You Bet Your Life" for the first time -- on ABC radio. George Fenneman was Groucho’s eternal straight man. Fenneman stayed with Marx during the program’s run on radio (1948 - 1959) and TV (1950 - 1961). By the way, who is buried in Grant’s tomb?

1954 - The show that ultimately altered TV for kids premiered on ABC-TV. "Disneyland" will be historically noted as ABC’s first smash. Many NBC and CBS affiliates in those days took ABC as a second network just to have the "Disneyland" show. Over the years, "Disneyland" changed names a few times. It was also titled, "Walt Disney", "Walt Disney Presents", "Walt Disney’s Wonderful World of Color", "The Wonderful World of Disney", "Disney’s Wonderful World", "The Disney Sunday Movie" and "The Magical World of Disney".

1963 - Peter, Paul and Mary were sitting pretty at #1 and #2 on the U.S. album chart with "Peter, Paul and Mary" and "In the Wind".

1975 - Rocker Bruce Springsteen appeared on the cover of both "TIME" and "Newsweek". Things were certainly going well for ‘The Boss’ that week.

1978 - The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded jointly to Israel’s Menachem Begin and Egypt’s Anwar Sadat. They were honored for the Camp David Agreement, which brought about a negotiated peace between Egypt and Israel.

1985 - The Kansas City Royals vs. St. Louis Cardinals. It was was an all-Missouri feud, if you will; the I-70 Series; Kansas City versus St. Louis. The Kansas City Royals won, shutting out the St. Louis Cardinals in game seven this day, 11-0. The Royals rallied from a 3-1 deficit to win the World Series. Series MVP Bret Saberhagen pitched the shutout.

1986 - The ‘mighty’ New York Mets became world champs of baseball, as they beat Boston’s ‘hard-luck’ Red Sox in game seven of the World Series, 8-5. Two days after an improbable rally saved the Mets from the brink of defeat, they beat Boston, who had lost their three most recent World Series appearances (which had also gone seven games ended in defeat).

1990 - Janet Jackson’s "Black Cat" popped up to #1 for a week in the U.S. The single was one of the tracks on her number-one album of a year earlier, "Janet Jackson’s Rhythm Nation 1814".

1991 - In what is considered by the experts (Bob and Jim down at the bar), the seventh game of the World Series, played this day, was one of the greatest ever. Minnesota Twins’ pinch-hitter Gene Larkin’s tenth-inning bases-loaded single beat the Atlanta Braves 1-0 in the seventh game the World Series. The Twins captured their second World Championship in five years during a tight series that included three extra-inning games and five one-runners. And, for only the second time in history, the home team won all seven games (the first time it happened was 1987, a series that also featured the Twins.)

1997 - The U.S. released a redesigned $50 bill. The new notes incorporated features to protect against counterfeiting and make U.S. currency more easily identifiable for people with low vision. The Series 1996 $50 note followed the introduction in March 1996 of the redesigned $100 note as part of a program to maintain the security of U.S. currency.

1999 - Roger Clemens pitched the New York Yankees to their second straight World Series sweep, shutting down the Atlanta Braves, 4-1. This ended Clemens’ quest for the prize that had eluded him. Clemens and the Yankees shut out Atlanta into the eighth out dueling John Smoltz. Pitcher Mariano Rivera who had two saves and a win in the Series was selected as MVP.

2000 - These films made their U.S. debuts: "Blow Dry", from Simon Beaufoy, the writer of "The Full Monty": “...comedy for anyone who has ever had hair.”; "Book of Shadows: Blair Witch 2": “...returns to Maryland’s ominous Black Hills region to reconstruct a ghastly series of crimes...”; "The Little Vampire": “They're Not Just Best Friends. They’re Blood Borthers.” (Hahahaha... Get it?); and "Lucky Numbers", with John Travolta, Lisa Kudrow and Tim Roth: comedy about a TV lottery-fixing scheme.

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Birthdays - October 27
1728 - James Cook (British sea captain, explorer: Sandwich (Hawaiian) Islands; killed by angry natives at Kealakekua Bay, Hawaii, Feb 14, 1779)

1782 - Nicolo Paganini (violin virtuoso; died May 27, 1840)

1858 - Theodore Roosevelt (26th U.S. President [1901-1909]; married to A. Lee, E. Carow [four sons, two daughters]; nickname: TR, Trust Buster; first president to ride in a car, submerge in a submarine and fly in a plane; initiated the National Monument System; died Jan 6, 1919)

1872 - Emily Post (Price) (etiquette authority: author: Etiquette: The Blue Book of Social Usage; syndicated newspaper columnist; died Sep 25, 1960)

1910 - Fred De Cordova (Emmy Award-winning producer: The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson [1975-1976, 1976-1977, 1977-1978, 1978-1979, 1991-1992]; director: Bedtime for Bonzo, Frankie and Johnny, I’ll Take Sweden; died Sep 15, 2001)

1911 - Leif Erickson (William Anderson) (actor: The High Chaparral, Force Five, On the Waterfront, Rocky 3, Tea and Sympathy, Waikiki Wedding; died Jan 29, 1986)

1914 - Dylan (Marlais) Thomas (playwright: The Three Weird Sisters, Under Milkwood; poet: Portrait of the Artist as a Young Dog, Adventures in the Skin Trade; died Nov 9, 1953)

1917 - Oliver Tambo (President of South Africa’s African National Congress; died Apr 24, 1993)

1920 - Nanette Fabray (Fabares) (Emmy Award-winning actress: Caesar’s Hour [1955, 1956]; One Day at a Time, Westinghouse Playhouse, Our Gang series; aunt of actress Shelley Fabares; died feb 22, 2018)

1922 - Ruby Dee (Ruth Wallace) (Emmy Award-winning actress: Hallmark Hall of Fame: Decoration Day [1990-91]; Peyton Place, Zora Is My Name, Do the Right Thing, A Raisin in the Sun, The Jackie Robinson Story, All God’s Children, Gore Vidal’s Lincoln, Roots: The Next Generation; died Jun 11, 2014)

1922 - Ralph (Mc Pherran) Kiner (Baseball Hall of Famer: outfielder: National League’s first $100,000 player; Pittsburgh Pirates [all-star: 1948-1953/led league in home runs: 1946-52], Chicago Cubs, Cleveland Indians; broadcaster: NY Mets; died Feb 6, 2014)

1923 - Roy Lichtenstein (sculptor; artist: Blam; died Sep 29, 1997)

1927 - Kyle Rote (College Football Hall of Famer: Southern Methodist University; New York Giants running back; sportscaster)

1930 - Bill George (Pro Football Hall of Famer: Chicago Bears middle linebacker: All-Pro [1955-1962]; LA Rams; died Sep 30, 1982)

1932 - Kathy Cornelius (McKinnon) (golf champion: U.S. Open [1956])

1933 - Floyd Cramer (pianist: Last Date, On the Rebound, San Antonio Rose; died Dec 31, 1997)

1938 - Lara Parker (actress: Foxfire Light, The Solitary Man, Race with the Devil, Night of Dark Shadows)

1939 - John Cleese (Emmy Award-winning actor: guest performer: Cheers [1986-87]; A Fish Called Wanda, Monty Python’s Flying Circus, Splitting Heirs, Life of Brian, Rudyard Kipling’s The Jungle Book, Silverado, The Big Picture)

1942 - (Melvin) Lee Greenwood (CMA Male Vocalist of the Year [1983, 1984]: Dixie Road, Hearts Aren’t Made to Break [They’re Made to Love], Going, Going, Gone, Mornin’ Ride, I Don’t Mind the Thorns [If You’re the Boss], God Bless the U.S.A.; musician: sax, piano: band leader: Trick)

1945 - Carrie Snodgress (actress: Diary of a Mad Housewife, 8 Seconds, The Solitary Man, Woman with a Past, Pale Rider, Chill Factor; died Apr 1, 2004)

1945 - John Williams (football: Baltimore Colts guard: Super Bowl III, V; died Jul 8, 2012)

1945 - Mike (Michael Ken-Wai) Lum (baseball: Atlanta Braves, Cincinnati Reds, Chicago Cubs)

1946 - Ivan Reitman (director: Ghostbusters series, Dave, Kindergarten Cop, Meatballs, Stripes)

1947 - Terry Anderson (news correspondent: kidnapped by Lebanese terrorists in Beirut [1985], released [1991])

1952 - Pete Cusick (football: Ohio State, NE Patriots DT)

1958 - Simon LeBon (singer: group: Duran Duran: Planet Earth, Hungry like the Wolf, Save a Prayer, Rio, Is There Something I Should Know, Union of the Snake, Wild Boys)

1963 - Marla Maples (actress: Will Roger’s Follies, Executive Decision, Richie Rich’s Christmas Wish; married millionaire Donald Trump)

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Chart Toppers - October 27
Because of You - Tony Bennett
I Get Ideas - Tony Martin
The World is Waiting for the Sunrise - Les Paul & Mary Ford
Always Late (With Your Kisses) - Lefty Frizzell

Mack the Knife - Bobby Darin
Mr. Blue - The Fleetwoods
Don’t You Know - Della Reese
The Three Bells - The Browns

To Sir with Love - Lulu
How Can I Be Sure - The Young Rascals
Expressway to Your Heart - Soul Survivors
I Don’t Wanna Play House - Tammy Wynette

Bad Blood - Neil Sedaka
Calypso/I’m Sorry - John Denver
Miracles - Jefferson Starship
San Antonio Stroll - Tanya Tucker

Total Eclipse of the Heart - Bonnie Tyler
Islands in the Stream - Kenny Rogers & Dolly Parton
All Night Long (All Night) - Lionel Richie
Lady Down on Love - Alabama

Emotions - Mariah Carey
Do Anything - Natural Selection
Romantic - Karyn White
Anymore - Travis Tritt

Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...

Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440fun.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams

Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International

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