440 International Those Were the Days
October 19

Events - October 19
1781 - British general Charles Cornwallis formally surrendered his British army to a combined French and American force outside the Virginia tobacco port of Yorktown. Cornwallis’ second-in-command, Charles O’Hara, attempted to deliver Cornwallis’s sword to French general, Comte de Rochambeau. But Rochambeau directed O’Hara to American General George Washington, who coolly steered the British officer to Washington’s own second in command, Major General Benjamin Lincoln.

1933 - Basketball was introduced to the 1936 Olympic Games by the Berlin Organization Committee.

1937 - A staple at checkout racks in supermarkets everywhere, "Woman’s Day", was first published. It was a magazine designed expressly for the A&P store chain. After 20 years, A&P (the Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company) sold "Woman’s Day" to Fawcett Publications.

1937 - “The freedom of the press is a flaming sword. Use it justly, hold it high, guard it well.” The radio classic, "Big Town", made its debut on CBS radio. Star reporters at the "Illustrated Press", Steve Wilson and Lorelei Kilbourne, were played by Edward G. Robinson and Claire Trevor. "Tell the Story" was the theme song. Sponsors included Ironized Yeast tablets and Lifebuoy soap.

1938 - The Bob Crosby Orchestra recorded "I’m Free" for Decca. Billy Butterfield was featured on trumpet. A few years later, the song would be retitled, "What’s New".

1944 - An actor who would become legend in scores of tough guy roles made his stage debut in New York. Marlon Brando appeared in the Broadway hit, "I Remember Mama".

1953 - Julius LaRosa, popular singer of the time, was unceremoniously fired on the air by Arthur Godfrey. “Julie lacks humility,” Godfrey told the stunned audience, while putting his arm around LaRosa. He said, “So, Julie, to teach you a lesson, you’re fired!”

1959 - Twelve-year-old Patty Duke made her first Broadway appearance -- in "The Miracle Worker". The play would last for 700 performances and become a classic motion picture, launching Patty to fame and fortune.

1963 - Buck Owens started a 16-week run at top of the U.S. Country chart with "Love’s Gonna Live Here". It eventually became the biggest of all the Buck Owens hits.

1970 - One World Trade Center was ready for its first tenants this day, though the upper stories were not completed until 1972. Construction had begun in 1966 and the opening of the twin towers went on from 1970 to 1973. The actual ribbon cutting was held on April 4, 1973. At 1,368 and 1,362 feet and 110 stories each, the twin towers were the world’s tallest, and largest, buildings until the Sears Tower (Chicago) surpassed them both in 1974.

1974 - The late-night TV market welcomed Lloyd Dobins, Garrick Utley and Linda Ellerbee to the aptly named, "Weekend" news program, which debuted on NBC this day.

1985 - "Take on Me", by a-ha, reached number one on the pop music charts. MTV was playing a-ha’s nifty "Take on Me" video regularly, too.

1987 - "The Wall Street Journal" said it all (the next day): “Stocks Plunge 508 Amid Panicky Selling; Percentage Decline Greater Than in 1929...” The Dow Jones industrial average (DJIA) closed down 22.6% this day (Black Monday). Volume was 604.3 million shares, almost double the previous record of 338.5 million shares set on the previous Friday. The DJIA was down 36.7% from its closing high less than two months earlier.

1988 - Americans Leon Lederman, Melvin Schwartz and Jack Steinberger were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics “for their neutrino beam method and the discoveries made using this.”

1988 - Hartmut Michel, Robert Huber and Johann Deisenhofer of West Germany were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry “for the determination of the three-dimensional structure of a photosynthetic reaction centre.”

1998 - Microsoft and prosecutors for the U.S. Department of Justice and twenty states met in federal court. It was the beginning of the antitrust case against the Microsoft Corporation.

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Birthdays - October 19
1605 - Thomas Browne (physician, author: Religio Medici; died Oct 19, 1682)

1748 - Martha Jefferson (Wayles) (wife of 3rd U.S. President Thomas Jefferson; died Sep 6, 1782 -- 19 years before Jefferson became president)

1850 - Annie Smith Peck (mountain climber: climbed the Matterhorn [1895]; died July 18, 1935)

1885 - Charles Merrill (stock company mogul: founded Merrill-Lynch; died Oct 6, 1956)

1909 - Robert Beatty (actor: Where Eagles Dare, Postmark for Danger, Captain Horatio Hornblower, Against the Wind; died Mar 3, 1992)

1911 - George Cates (musician: Moonglow/Theme from Picnic, Autumn Leaves [w/Steve Allen]; musical director of Lawrence Welk Show for 25 years; died May 12, 2002)

1920 - LaWanda Page (actress: Sanford and Son, Detective School; died Sep 14, 2002)

1921 - Bern Bennett (staff announcer: CBS Radio; died May 29, 2014)

1922 - Jack Anderson (columnist: Washington Merry-Go-Round, commentator: Mutual, USA Radio Network; author: Stormin’ Norman, Japan Conspiracy; died Dec 17, 2005)

1931 - John Le Carré (David Cornwell) (author: The Russia House, A Small Town in Germany, The Spy Who Came in from the Cold, The Night Manager)

1932 - Robert Reed (John Robert Rietz Jr.) (actor: The Brady Bunch, The Brady Bunch Hour, The Bradys, The Defenders, Mannix, Nurse, Rich Man, Poor Man-Book I, Roots, The Runaways; died May 12, 1992)

1937 - Peter Max (Finkelstein) (pop artist: psychedelic best-selling poster; designer: postage stamp: Expo ’74; 1982 World’s Fair official artist)

1940 - Michael Gambon (actor: Mary Reilly, Squanto: A Warrior’s Tale, Toys, The Heat of the Day, The Cook, the Thief, His Wife & Her Lover, The Rachel Papers, Turtle Diary, The Singing Detective)

1941 - Simon Ward (actor: The Monster Club, Supergirl, The Chosen, The Four Musketeers, The Three Musketeers, All Creatures Great and Small, Dracula, If...; died July 20, 2012)

1945 - Patricia Ireland (social activist: president of NOW)

1945 - John Lithgow (Emmy Award-winning actor: 3rd Rock from the Sun [1995-1996, 1996-1997, 1998-1999]; Tony Award-winning actor: The Changing Room [1973]; Twilight Zone-The Movie, I’m Dancing as Fast as I Can, The World According to Garp, Terms of Endearment, Raising Cain, The Pelican Brief, Cliffhanger)

1945 - Jeannie C. Riley (Stephenson) (Grammy Award-winning singer: Harper Valley P.T.A. [1968]; Country Girl, The Girl Most Likely, There Never was a Time, Oh Singer, Good Enough to be Your Wife)

1949 - Lynn Dickey (football: Green Bay Packers quarterback)

1950 - Luke Witte (basketball: Ohio State University, USA Men’s Pan American Games [1971]; Cleveland Cavaliers)

1950 - Morris Bradshaw (football: Oakland Raiders wide receiver: Super Bowl XI, XV)

1956 - Nino DeFranco (singer: group: The DeFranco Family: Heartbeat - It’s a Lovebeat)

1957 - Karl Wallinger (musician: keyboards, guitar; group: World Party)

1960 - Jennifer Holliday (singer; actress: Dreamgirls, Touched by an Angel, Ally McBeal)

1962 - Evander Holyfield (boxing: World Heavyweight Champion [1990-1992]; Junior Heavyweight Champion [1986, 1988])

1967 - Amy Carter (First Daughter: daughter of 39th U.S. President Jimmy and Roselyn Carter)

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Chart Toppers - October 19
Because of You - Tony Bennett
I Get Ideas - Tony Martin
Cold, Cold Heart - Tony Bennett
Always Late (With Your Kisses) - Lefty Frizzell

Mack the Knife - Bobby Darin
Put Your Head on My Shoulder - Paul Anka
Mr. Blue - The Fleetwoods
The Three Bells - The Browns

The Letter - The Box Tops
To Sir with Love - Lulu
Little Ole Man (Uptight-Everything’s Alright) - Bill Cosby
I Don’t Wanna Play House - Tammy Wynette

Bad Blood - Neil Sedaka
Calypso/I’m Sorry - John Denver
Miracles - Jefferson Starship
Hope You’re Feelin’ Me (Like I’m Feelin’ You) - Charley Pride

Total Eclipse of the Heart - Bonnie Tyler
Making Love Out of Nothing at All - Air Supply
Islands in the Stream - Kenny Rogers & Dolly Parton
Paradise Tonight - Charly McClain & Mickey Gilley

Emotions - Mariah Carey
Do Anything - Natural Selection
Romantic - Karyn White
Keep It Between the Lines - Ricky Van Shelton

Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...

Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440fun.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams

Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International

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