440 International Those Were the Days
October 16

Events - October 16
1829 - The Tremont House (now known as the Tremont Hotel) opened in Boston, MA. It was called the first modern hotel in America. Each of the Tremont’s 170 luxurious rooms went for $2 a day and included four meals...

1846 - The painkiller, ether, was demonstrated successfully for the first time -- in Boston’s Massachusetts General Hospital. The drug was administered by William T.G. Morton, a ‘dentist’ (he never attended dental or medical school), of Charlestown, MA.

1909 - The first seesaw World Series ended, after each team -- Pittsburgh Pirates vs. Detroit Tigers -- had won alternately until game seven. Pittsburgh pitcher Babe Adams came through with a 6-hit, 8-0 win over Detroit. It was his third complete-game victory and gave the Pirates their first world championship.

1912 - It was the day for game eight of the World Series. What? Game eight? Yes, it seems game two was called for darkness with the score tied, and did not count. Anyway, back to game eight, between the Boston Red Sox and the New York Giants: Boston won, 3-2, in ten innings. Talk about even-steven baseball...

1916 - Margaret Sanger, Fania Mindell and Ethel Burne opened the doors of the first birth control clinic in the United States, right smack in the middle of Brooklyn at 46 Amboy Street on this day. Ms. Sanger served 30 days in jail for her bold action. A year earlier she had been indicted for using the U.S. mail to disseminate birth control information in three languages throughout the United States. A public nurse, Margaret Sanger went on to become the first president of the International Planned Parenthood Foundation in 1953.

1928 - The frosted electric light bulb was patented. No, it wasn’t the work of Thomas Edison, Westinghouse, General Electric, or any of his army, either. It was one Marvin Pipkin who lit up at receiving this patent.

1939 - Radio listeners welcomed "The Right to Happiness" on the NBC Blue network. The 15-minute radio drama turned out to be one of the longest-running radio shows of its kind. It moved over to CBS in 1941, then back to NBC in 1942. Fourteen years later "Right to Happiness" returned to CBS where it stayed until its last days in 1960. The show had a theme song, "Song of the Soul", and what seemed like a cast of thousands. It just took a lot of different radio actors to play the continuing roles over a 21-year period.

1941 - "Fry Me Cookie, with a Can of Lard" was recorded by the Will Bradley Orchestra on Columbia. Ray McKinley was featured.

1942 - "The Robe", by Lloyd Douglas, was published. In 1953 the historical novel about the crucifixion of Jesus was made into a movie that captured three Oscars.

1945 - Barry Fitzgerald starred as Judge Barnard Fitz in "His Honor, the Barber", which debuted on NBC radio.

1955 - Mrs. Jules Lederer made news. She replaced Ruth Crowley as a columnist in 26 newspapers. Mrs. Crowley, a writer of advice to the lovelorn, had died in July of 1955 and was replaced by the woman whose advice column was seen in hundreds of newspapers. She wrote under the famous pen name, Ann Landers. ‘Eppie’ Lederer, who died June 22, 2002, was also the twin sister of another advice columnist, Abigail Van Buren.

1962 - World Series time again: The New York Yankees scored the game’s only run in the fourth inning. In the ninth, San Francisco Giants’ Willie Mays ripped a double to right off pitcher Ralph Terry, but great fielding by Roger Maris kept Matty Alou from scoring. Willie McCovey hit a liner toward right, but second-baseman Bobby Richardson grabbed it, giving the Yankees their second straight world championship. Terry was named Series MVP.

1969 - The once-lowly New York Mets won their first World Series baseball championship. The ‘Miracle Mets’ were 100-to-1 long shots at the beginning of the season. Lindsey Nelson and Ralph Kiner were at the mike on radio for one of the most exciting finishes in baseball history.

1972 - John C. Fogerty and Creedence Clearwater Revival called it a career ... and the group disbanded. Fogerty would continue in a solo career with big hits including, "Centerfield" and "The Old Man Down the Road".

1976 - Memphis, TN disc jockey Rick Dees and His Cast of Idiots made it all the way to number one on the "Billboard Hot 100" with the immortal "Disco Duck (Part 1)". Dees is still around, but not as a recording artist. He’s a DJ in Los Angeles and is hosting several varieties of the "Weekly Top 40" show, syndicated around the world.

1976 - Stevie Wonder’s album, "Songs in the Key of Life" wound up at number one in the U.S. It turned out to be no fluke. With greats, such as "Sir Duke", "Isn’t She Lovely" and "I Wish", the double-album stayed at #1 for 14 weeks. Other tracks: "Love’s in Need of Love Today", "Have a Talk with God", "Village Ghetto Land", "Contusion", "Knocks Me Off My Feet", "Pastime Paradise", "Summer Soft", "Ordinary Pain", "Saturn", "Ebony Eyes", "Joy Inside My Tears", "Black Man", "Ngiculela - Es Una Historia"/"I Am Singing", "If It’s Magic", "As", "Another Star", "All Day Sucker", "Easy Goin’ Evening (My Mama’s Call)".

1978 - Cardinal Karol Wojtyla was elected the 264th Pope: His Holiness John Paul II.

1983 - The Baltimore Orioles beat the Philadelphia Phillies, 4 games to 1 in the World Series. The Orioles featured Cal Ripken, Eddie Murray, a stingy pitching staff and clutch performances by other great players. The Phillies were led by Mike Schmidt and a group of veterans nicknamed The Wheeze Kids: Pete Rose (age 42), Joe Morgan (40), Tony Perez (41) and Steve Carlton (38). After losing the Series opener in Baltimore, the Orioles won the next four games. In the fifth game, Murray hit two home runs and MVP Rick Dempsey another, giving the Orioles their third World Series championship. **

1984 - Bishop Desmond Tutu, General Secretary of the South African Council of Churches was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for “his role as a unifying leader figure in the campaign to resolve the problem of apartheid in South Africa.”

1986 - Chuck Berry celebrated his 60th birthday with a concert in his home town of St. Louis, Missouri (at the Fox Theatre). The show was organized by Keith Richards (The Rolling Stones) and the concert was used in a documentary titled, "Hail! Hail! Rock ’N’ Roll", an overview of Berry’s career.

1987 - WBA, WBC & IBF undisputed, as they say, World Heavyweight Champion Mike Tyson stopped Tyrell Biggs (TKO) in the seventh round at Trump Plaza, Atlantic City, NJ.

1992 - Sinead O’Connor was booed off the stage at a show honoring Bob Dylan at Madison Square Garden (famous for booing folks off the stage), New York. The crowd was acting in disapproval of O’Connor’s tearing up a picture of Pope John Paul II on "Saturday Night Live" October 3, 1992.

1998 - Movies debuting in the U.S. this day: "Beloved", with Oprah Winfrey, Danny Glover and Thandie Newton; "Bride of Chucky", starring Jennifer Tilly, Brad Dourif and Katherine Heigl; and "Practical Magic", with Sandra Bullock, Nicole Kidman, Dianne Wiest and Stockard Channing.

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Birthdays - October 16
1758 - Noah Webster (author, lexicographer: Webster’s American Dictionary of the English Language; died May 28, 1843)

1854 - Oscar (O’Flahertie Fingal Wills) Wilde (playwright: The Importance of Being Earnest, Picture of Dorian Gray; died Nov 30, 1900)

1886 - David Ben-Gurion (Israel’s first prime minister; died Dec 1, 1973)

1888 - Eugene (Gladstone) O’Neill (Nobel Prize [1936] and Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright: The Ice Man Cometh [1946]; Long Day’s Journey into Night; died Nov 27, 1953)

1898 - William O. Douglas (jurist: U.S. Supreme Court Justice [1939-1975]; died Jan 19, 1980)

1900 - Goose (Leon Allen) Goslin (Baseball Hall of Famer: Washington Nationals [World Series: 1924, 1925, 1933], St. Louis Browns, Detroit Tigers [World Series: 1934, 1935/all-star: 1936]; drove in 100 or more runs on eleven occasions, hit .300 or better eleven times; career: .316 average, 2735 hits, 37 more in World Series competition; died May 15, 1971)

1906 - George Lott (International Tennis Hall of Famer [enshrined 1964]; U.S. Open Tennis Mixed Doubles Champion [w/Betty Nuthall - 1929 & 1931] [w/Helen Jacobs - 1934]; author [w/Jeffrey Bairstow]: How to Play Winning Doubles [1979]; died Dec 2, 1991)

1923 - Bert Kaempfert (musician: Wonderland by Night, Red Roses for a Blue Lady, Three O’Clock in the Morning; died June 21, 1980)

1924 - Linda Darnell (actress: Dakota Incident, Blackbeard the Pirate, Anna and the King of Siam, Forever Amber, Buffalo Bill, The Mark of Zorro; died Apr 10, 1965)

1925 - Angela Lansbury (Tony Award-winning actress: Mame [1966], Dear World [1969], Gypsy [1975], Sweeney Todd [1979]; Murder, She Wrote, Death on the Nile, Bedknobs and Broomsticks, Harlow, Blue Hawaii, The Manchurian Candidate, The Long Hot Summer, The World of Henry Orient, The Harvey Girls, Picture of Dorian Gray, National Velvet; voice: teapot: Beauty and the Beast)

1927 - Günter (Wilhelm) Grass (novelist: Dog Years, The Tin Drum; won 1999 Nobel Prize for Literature; died Apr 13, 2015)

1931 - Chuck (Charles) Colson (government: Watergate co-conspirator; died Apr 21, 2012)

1940 - Barry Corbin (actor: Northern Exposure, Boone, The Chase, Urban Cowboy, Who’s Harry Crumb)

1941 - Mel Counts (basketball: Oregon State Univ.; U.S. Olympic Basketbal Gold Medal Winner [1964]; Boston Celtics, Phoenix Suns, LA Lakers)

1941 - Tim (James Timothy) McCarver (baseball: catcher: SL Cardinals [World Series: 1964, 1967, 1968/all-star: 1966, 1967], Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos, Boston Red Sox; broadcaster: NY Mets, ABC Sports)

1942 - Dave Lovelady (musician: drums: group: The Fourmost: Hello Little Girl, I’m in Love, A Little Loving, Baby I Need Your Loving)

1943 - C.F. (Fred) Turner (musician: group: Bachman-Turner Overdrive: Takin’ Care of Business, Let It Ride, You Ain’t Seen Nothing Yet, Looking Out for Number One, Hey You)

1945 - D.D. (Dwight Douglas) Lewis (football: Dallas Cowboys linebacker: Super Bowl V, VI, X, XII, XIII)

1946 - Suzanne Somers (Mahoney) (actress: Three’s Company, She’s the Sheriff, Step by Step, American Graffiti, Seduced by Evil)

1947 - Bob Weir (Hall) (musician: guitar, singer: group: The Grateful Dead: Touch of Grey, Truckin’; solo: LP: Ace, Heaven Help the Fool)

1947 - David Zucker (director: Airplane!, Naked Gun series, Ruthless People, Top Secret!, Police Squad!, Help Wanted!)

1948 - Richard Caster (football: Washington Redskins tight end: Super Bowl XVII)

1949 - Bob Collyard (hockey: NHL: St. Louis Blues)

1953 - Tony Carey (musician: keyboards: group: Rainbow: LPs: Rainbow Rising, Long Live Rock ’n’ Roll)

1953 - Mike Sojourner (basketball: Univ. of Utah; Atlanta Hawks)

1958 - Tim Robbins (Academy Award-winning actor: Mystic River [2003]; The Shawshank Redemption, Bull Durham, Short Cuts, Hudsucker Proxy; director: Dead Man Walking, Cradle Will Rock, Queens Supreme)

1959 - Gary Kemp (musician: guitar: group: Spandau Ballet: To Cut a Long Story Short, The Freeze, Musclebound, Chant No. 1, True, Gold, Only When You Leave; brother of musician Martin Kemp)

1962 - Flea (Michael Balzary) (musician: bass guitar: group: The Red Hot Chili Peppers: LPs: Red Hot Chili Peppers, Freaky Styley, The Uplift Mofo Party Plan, Mother’s Milk, Blood Sugar Sex Magik, One Hot Minute)

1969 - Wendy Wilson (singer: group: Wilson Phillips: Hold On, Release Me; daughter of Beach Boys singer, Brian Wilson)

1975 - Kellie Martin (actress: Matinee, Troop Beverly Hills, Life Goes On, Christy)

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Chart Toppers - October 16
A Tree in the Meadow - Margaret Whiting
You Call Everybody Darlin’ - Al Trace (vocal: Bob Vincent)
Hair of Gold, Eyes of Blue - Gordon MacRae
Just a Little Lovin’ (Will Go a Long, Long Way) - Eddy Arnold

Honky Tonk (Parts 1 & 2) - Bill Doggett
Just Walking in the Rain - Johnnie Ray
Love Me Tender - Elvis Presley
Hound Dog/Don’t Be Cruel - Elvis Presley

Oh, Pretty Woman - Roy Orbison
Do Wah Diddy Diddy - Manfred Mann
Dancing in the Street - Martha & The Vandellas
I Guess I’m Crazy - Jim Reeves

Ben - Michael Jackson
Use Me - Bill Withers
Everybody Plays the Fool - The Main Ingredient
Funny Face - Donna Fargo

Another One Bites the Dust - Queen
Woman in Love - Barbra Streisand
Late in the Evening - Paul Simon
Loving Up a Storm - Razzy Bailey

Red Red Wine - UB40
Groovy Kind of Love - Phil Collins
What’s on Your Mind (Pure Energy) - Information Society
Streets of Bakersfield - Dwight Yoakam & Buck Owens

Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...

Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440fun.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams

Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International

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