440 International Those Were the Days
November 26

Events - November 26
1825 - The first social fraternity was formed in the U.S. Nine close friends, meeting over apples and roasted potatoes in a cold and bare dormitory room at Union College in Schenectady, New York, unknowingly put their mark on the entire future of collegiate student organizations. They didn’t originate the idea of a secret Greek-letter society; Phi Beta Kappa had done that 50 years earlier ... nor the concept of a literary society; groups with names like Philomathean and Cliosophic had been around even longer. They didn’t even originate formalized student social groups or college eating clubs; both having long been commonplace. What John Hart Hunter, one of the nine, proposed on this day was to take an informal group calling itself The Philosophers, and formalize it using the strongest characteristics of all these existing institutions. And so, The Philosophers became Kappa Alpha Society. It was this synthesis that caught the attention of the college world and exploded into the collegiate fraternity system over the following 75 years.

1832 - For 12½ cents, passengers began riding the first streetcar railway in America. The New York City service ran from City Hall to 14th Street.

1860 - Hey, here’s big news: A newspaper print of newly elected President Abraham Lincoln clearly showed the beginnings of a beard. The idea for the beard had come from a letter sent by 11-year-old Grace Bedell, who had suggested that Mr. Lincoln would look better with a beard.

1864 - Charles L. Dodgson, whose pen name was Lewis Carroll, sent a handwritten manuscript to Alice Liddel. The manuscript was titled "Alice’s Adventures Underground". It was an early Christmas present to the 12-year-old girl. Later, the manuscript was renamed "Alice in Wonderland" and "Through the Looking Glass". In 1933, the film version of "Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland" starred Gary Cooper as the White Knight, Edward Everett Horton as the Mad Hatter, W.C. Fields as Humpty Dumpty, Cary Grant as Mock Turtle, Jack Oakie as Tweedledum and Charlotte Henry in the title role of Alice.

1867 - The refrigerated railroad car was patented by J.B. Sutherland of Detroit, Michigan.

1896 - The University of Chicago defeated the University of Michigan, 7-6, at the Chicago Coliseum. It was the first major college football game played indoors.

1922 - The tomb of the Boy King, Tutankhamen, was discovered in Egypt by Lord Carnarvon of England and Howard Carter of the United States. The find was called, “The greatest archaeological discovery of all time.” People in America, looking for brevity in identifying great things before they forget, shortened the name to Tut.

1940 - Xavier Cugat and his orchestra recorded "Orchids in the Moonlight" on the Columbia label.

1941 - Bobby Riggs, the national amateur singles tennis champion, turned pro on this day.

1945 - "Bride and Groom" debuted on the ABC network. It is estimated that 1,000 newly-wed couples were interviewed on the program before it left the airwaves in 1950.

1956 - Bandleader Tommy Dorsey died at the age of 51. His records sold more than 110,000,000 copies.

1958 - Maurice Richard scored his 600th career goal for the Montreal Canadiens hockey team -- at Madison Square Garden in New York City.

1968 - Cream gave a farewell performance filmed by the BBC in London. The rock group played before a capacity crowd at Royal Albert Hall.

1969 - The Band received a gold record for the album, "The Band".

1969 - The Heisman Trophy was awarded to Steve Owens of Oklahoma as the nation’s outstanding college football player. Owens scored more touchdowns and gained more yardage than any previous player in collegiate history.

1973 - Rose Mary Woods, U.S. President Richard Nixon’s personal secretary, told a federal court she had accidentally erased over eighteen minutes of a ‘Watergate tape’ made June 20, 1972. The recording was of a crucial conversation at an Oval-Office meeting between Nixon and Chief of Staff Bob Haldeman just three days after the Watergate break-in.

1975 - Lynette ‘Squeaky’ Fromme, Manson-family devotee, was found guilty by a federal jury of trying to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford. Fromme, 27, had attempted to shoot the president in Sacramento CA Sep 5 with a hand gun. Secret service agents wrestled the weapon from her.

1980 - "Rockshow" premiered in New York City. The movie is about the first American tour of Paul McCartney and Wings.

1984 - After 518 goals and 14 years of service with the Montreal Canadiens, Guy Lafleur (‘The Flower’) decided to retire from hockey.

1994 - The Eagles’ "Hell Freezes Over", signaling the band’s reunion (after fourteen years), hit #1 (for two weeks) on U.S. album charts. The tracks: "Get Over It", "Love Will Keep Us Alive", "The Girl from Yesterday", "Learn to Be Still", "Tequila Sunrise", "Hotel California", "Wasted Time", "Pretty Maids All in a Row", "I Can’t Tell You Why", "New York Minute", "The Last Resort", "Take It Easy", "In the City", "Life in the Fast Lane" and "Desperado".

1997 - Debuting in U.S. theatres: "Alien Resurrection", with Lt. Ellen Ripley (Sigourney Weaver) continuing her fight against the evil, creepy bad killer thingies; and "Flubber", where absent-minded professor Phillip Brainard (Robin Williams) creates the stuff which allows objects to fly through the air and bounce all over the place. Yes, it is based on the 1961 Disney classic, "The Absent-Minded Professor".

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Birthdays - November 26
1792 - Sarah Moore Grimke (antislavery/women’s rights advocate; died Dec 23, 1873)

1832 - Mary Edwards Walker (physician, women’s right leader: 1st female surgeon in U.S. Army; first woman to receive U.S. Congressional Medal of Honor; died Feb 21, 1919)

1908 - Lefty (Vernon Louis) Gomez (Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher: NY Yankees [World Series: 1932, 1936-1939/record: won six World Series games without a loss/all-star: 1933-1939/winning pitcher in first all-star game], Washington Nationals; died Feb 17, 1989)

1909 - Eugène Ionesco (playwright: The Bald Soprano, The Chairs; died Mar 28, 1994)

1910 - Cyril Cusack (actor: Far and Away, My Left Foot, The Tenth Man, 1984, True Confessions, Les Miserables, The Day of the Jackal, Sacco & Vanzetti, King Lear, Harold and Maude, David Copperfield, The Taming of the Shrew, Fahrenheit 451, The Spy Who Came in from the Cold, Waltz of the Toreadors, The Elusive Pimpernel, Odd Man Out, Late Extra; died Oct 7, 1993)

1912 - (Arnold) Eric Sevareid (Emmy Award-winning news correspondent: LBJ-The Man and the President, CBS News with Walter Cronkite [1972-1973], The Agnew Resignation, CBS News with Walter Cronkite [10/10/73]; commentator: CBS; died July 9, 1992)

1922 - Charles Schulz (cartoonist: Peanuts; Emmy Award-winning writer: A Charlie Brown Thanksgiving [1973]; died Feb 12, 2000)

1933 - Robert Goulet (singer: On a Clear Day You Can See Forever, My Love Forgive Me, Camelot; actor: Mr. Wrong, Camelot, I’d Rather be Rich, Naked Gun 2 1/2: The Smell of Fear, Scrooged, Blue Light; died Oct 30, 2007)

1935 - Marian Mercer (singer, actress: The Dean Martin Show, The Wacky World of Jonathan Winters Show, Home Free, Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman, A Touch of Grace, The Sandy Duncan Show, It’s a Living, The Dom Deluise Show, The Andy Williams Show; died Apr 27, 2011)

1938 - Rich Little (Caruthers) (comedian and impressionist: over 150 impressions; actor: The Late Shift, Happy Hour, Dirty Tricks)

1939 - Tina Turner (Annie Bullock) (Grammy Award-winning Pop Singer of the Year [1985]; What’s Love Got to Do with It, Private Dancer, We Don’t Need Another Hero, Theme from Goldeneye; w/Ike Turner: A Fool in Love, Proud Mary; Ike’s ex)

1942 - Jan Stenerud (Pro Football Hall of Famer: Kansas City Chiefs kicker: NFL career record: 373 field goals kicked [1967-85]; invented kicking tee used by most NFL kickers; Green Bay Packers, Minnesota Vikings)

1944 - Alan Henderson (musician: bass: group: Them)

1945 - John McVie (musician: guitar: group: Fleetwood Mac: Dreams)

1946 - Art Shell (Pro Football Hall of Famer: Oakland Raider LT, Super Bowl XI, XV; coach: Oakland Raiders)

1947 - Richie (Richard Joseph) Hebner (baseball: Pittsburgh Pirates [World Series: 1971], Philadelphia Phillies, NY Mets, Detroit Tigers, Chicago Cubs)

1947 - Larry (Lawrence Cyril) Gura (baseball: pitcher: Arizona State all-American; Chicago Cubs, NY Yankees, KC Royals [World Series: 1980/all-star: 1980])

1952 - Wendy Turnbull (tennis: made it to the finals in singles Grand Slam events 3 times: 1977 U.S. Open, 1979 French Open and Australian Open; captured 9 Grand Slam Doubles and mixed doubles and 13 Senior Grand Slam doubles titles; won bronze medal at the Olympics in Seoul, South Korea in doubles [1988])

1954 - Bob Murray (hockey: NHL: Chicago Blackhawks player, coach)

1956 - Scott Jacoby (Emmy Award-winning actor: That Certain Summer, Wednesday Movie of the Week, To Die For series, Return to Horror High, Midnight Auto Supply, The Little Girl Who Lives Down the Lane, Bad Ronald, Rivals)

1959 - Jamie Rose (actress: Falcon Crest, Lady Blue, To Die Standing, Playroom, Rebel Love, Tightrope, Heartbreakers, In Love with an Older Woman, Twirl)

1960 - Johnny Hector (football: NY Jets RB)

1966 - Garcelle Beauvais (model, actress: NYPD Blue, Coming to America, Models Inc, The Jamie Foxx Show, Wild Wild West)

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Chart Toppers - November 26
Don’t Cry, Joe - The Gordon Jenkins Orchestra (vocal: Betty Brewer)
I Can Dream, Can’t I? - The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra (vocal: Jack Leonard)
A Dreamer’s Holiday - Perry Como
Slipping Around - Margaret Whiting & Jimmy Wakely

Jailhouse Rock - Elvis Presley
You Send Me - Sam Cooke
My Special Angel - Bobby Helms
Wake Up Little Susie - The Everly Brothers

I Hear a Symphony - The Supremes
1-2-3 - Len Barry
Rescue Me - Fontella Bass
May the Bird of Paradise Fly Up Your Nose - "Little" Jimmy Dickens

Photograph - Ringo Starr
Top of the World - Carpenters
Space Race - Billy Preston
Paper Roses - Marie Osmond

Physical - Olivia Newton-John
Waiting for a Girl like You - Foreigner
Here I Am (Just When I Thought I was Over You) - Air Supply
All My Rowdy Friends (Have Settled Down) - Hank Williams, Jr.

Blame It on the Rain - Milli Vanilli
Love Shack - The B-52’s
(It’s Just) The Way That You Love Me - Paula Abdul
Yellow Roses - Dolly Parton

Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...

Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440fun.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams

Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International

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