440 International Those Were the Days
November 25

Events - November 25
1715 - This was a big day for one Thomas Masters, who became the first American to be granted an English patent. Tom was the first to master the fine art of cleaning and curing Indian corn.

1837 - William Crompton of Taunton, MA patented the silk, power loom.

1884 - Swiss-born scientist John B. Meyenberg of St. Louis, MO came up with a nifty idea that earned him a patent this day: evaporated milk. Mooo.

1903 - ‘Sunny’ Bob Fitzsimmons beat George Gardner to a pulp in San Francisco (remember, this was bareknuckle fighting back then). Sunny Bob became the first boxer to capture three different championships. This time he won the light heavyweight crown; in 1891 he had won the middleweight crown and, in 1897, the heavyweight crown.

1920 - The first play-by-play coverage of a football game was broadcast by WTAW radio in College Station, TX. Texas University beat the Aggies of Texas A&M, 7-3.

1944 - CBS radio presented "The FBI in Peace and War" for the first time. It became one of the longest-running crime shows on radio -- lasting 14 years.

1944 - The first commissioner of baseball, Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis, died at the age of 87. He had served as czar of baseball for 24 years. Though his appointment and terms were questioned early in his tenure, he is considered one of those who helped to save the game.

1945 - A spoof of the Gilbert and Sullivan classic, "H.M.S. Pinafore", was broadcast on radio on "The Fred Allen Show". The spoof was titled, "The Brooklyn Pinafore". Joining actress Shirley Booth in the skit was baseball great Leo ‘The Lip’ Durocher.

1949 - Gargantua the Great went to that big jungle in the sky. The gorilla died in Miami at the ripe old age of 19.

1949 - "Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer" appeared on the music charts and became THE musical hit of the Christmas season. Although Gene Autry’s rendition is the most popular, 80 different versions of the song have been recorded, with nearly 20,000,000 copies sold.

1952 - The play, "The Mousetrap" by Agatha Christie, opened at the Ambassadors Theatre in London.

1955 - Following a summer at the top of the American pop charts, "Rock Around the Clock" by Bill Haley and His Comets became the #1 song in Great Britain.

1960 - Radio actors were put out of work when CBS radio axed five serials (soap operas) from the airwaves. We said so long to "The Second Mrs. Burton" (after 14 years), "Young Doctor Malone", "Whispering Streets" (after 8 years), "Right to Happiness" (after 21 years) and "Ma Perkins" (after 27 wonderful years.) In 1940, the high point for these radio programs, there were as many as 45 on the air each day!

1984 - The ‘Golden Bear’, Jack Nicklaus, sunk an 8-foot birdie putt on the last hole to win the second Skins Game -- for $240,000. He beat Tom Watson, Arnold Palmer and Gary Player (the 1983 winner).

1984 - William Schroeder became the second recipient of an artificial heart, undergoing surgery at Louisville’s Humana Hospital.

1990 - Poland held its first popular presidential election. Solidarity founder Lech Walesa received a plurality of votes this day. He won a runoff election December 9 and became President of the Republic of Poland. Walesa served until defeated in the election of November 1995.

1995 - At the top of U.S. pop-music charts were Whitney Houston’s single, "Exhale (Shoop Shoop)" and Alice in Chains’ album, "Alice in Chains".

1998 - "Babe: Pig in the City", from Universal Pictures; Walt Disney Pictures/Pixar’s "A Bug’s Life"; "Home Fries", from Warner Bros.; Artisan Entertainment’s "Ringmaster"; and "Very Bad Things", from Polygram Films.

1999 - Five-year-old Elian Gonzalez was found clinging to an inner tube off the coast near Fort Lauderdale, Florida. The boy, his mother, stepfather, and eleven other Cubans had boarded a small boat in Cuba and attempted to cross the ocean to the U.S. Elian was one of three to survive (his mother and stepfather both drowned). He lived with relatives in Miami until he was seized by the INS in an early morning raid on April 22, 2000. He returned to Cuba with his father on June 28.

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Birthdays - November 25
1835 - Andrew Carnegie (industrialist: founder of Carnegie Steel Corporation; philanthropist: after selling Carnegie Steel he devoted the rest of his life to giving his fortune away: Carnegie Foundation, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Carnegie Hero Fund Commission, Carnegie Corporation of New York and Carnegie Hall in New York City, Carnegie-Mellon University (formerly Carnegie Institute of Technology, Andrew Carnegie Library; he said, “Surplus wealth is a sacred trust which its possessor is bound to administer in his lifetime for the good of the community. ... The man who dies ... rich dies disgraced.”; died Aug 11, 1919)

1846 - Carrie Nation (temperance leader: took a hatchet to bottles in saloons; died June 9, 1911)

1881 - Angelo Roncalli (Pope John XXIII: 261st pope of the Roman Catholic Church [1958-1963]; died June 3, 1963)

1896 - Virgil Thomson (Pulitzer Prize-winning composer: Louisiana Story; music critic: New York Herald-Tribune [1940 to 1954]; died Sep 30, 1989)

1914 - ‘Joltin’ Joe (Paul) DiMaggio (‘The Yankee Clipper’: Baseball Hall of Famer: New York Yankees outfielder [World Series: 1936-1939, 1941, 1942, 1947, 1949-1951/all-star: 1936-1942, 1946-1951/3-time MVP: 1939, 1941, 1947]; major league record: hit in 56 consecutive games; husband of actress Marilyn Monroe; died Mar 8, 1999)

1920 - Ricardo Montalban (Emmy Award-winning actor: How the West was Won-Part II [2/19/78]; Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, Fantasy Island, Heaven Help Us, The Colbys, Sayonara, Cheyenne Autumn, The Singing Nun, Sweet Charity, Escape from the Planet of the Apes, The Naked Gun: From the Files of Police Squad; TV commercials: Chrysler Cordova; died Jan 14, 2009)

1923 - Art Wall Jr. (golf champion: Masters [1959]; died Oct 31, 2001)

1931 - Nat Adderley (musician: cornet, mellophone, French horn, trumpet: Sermonette, Work Song; brother of Cannonball Adderley: died Jan 2, 2000)

1933 - Kathryn Grant Crosby (Olive Kathryn Grandstaff) (actress: Rear Window, Unchained, The Phenix City Story, The Guns of Fort Petticoat, The 7th Voyage of Sinbad, Anatomy of a Murder, 1001 Arabian Nights, The Initiation of Sarah, A Bing Crosby Christmas; wife of singer Bing Crosby)

1940 - Joe Gibbs (football: coach: Washington Redskins: 5 division championships, four Super Bowls, three wins)

1941 - Percy Sledge (singer: When a Man Loves a Woman, Warm and Tender Love, It Tears Me Up, Take Time to Know Her, I’ll Be Your Everything; died Apr 14, 2015)

1944 - Bob Matheson (football: Miami Dolphins LB: Super Bowl XI, XII, XIII)

1944 - Ben Stein (lawyer, speech writer [for Presidents Nixon and Ford], columnist, author, screenwriter, actor: Win Ben Stein’s Money, Turn Ben Stein On)

1945 - George Webster (College Football Hall of Famer: Michigan State; Houston Oilers outside linebacker: Rookie of the Year [1967], Pittsburgh Steelers, New England Patriots; died Apr 19, 2007)

1947 - John Larroquette (Emmy Award-winning actor: Night Court [1984-85, 1985-86, 1986-87, 1987-88]; The John Larroquette Show, Doctors’ Hospital, Richie Rich, Altered States, Stripes, Star Trek 3: The Search for Spock, Meatballs 2)

1951 - Bucky (Russell Earl) Dent (baseball: shortstop: Chicago White Sox [all-star: 1975], NY Yankees [World Series: 1977, 1978/all-star: 1980, 1981], Texas Rangers, KC Royals; manager: NY Yankees)

1952 - Ernest Harden Jr. (actor: The Jeffersons, White Men Can’t Jump, The Final Terror)

1959 - Steve Rothery (musician: guitar: group: Marillion: Market Square Heroes, Grendel, Lavender, Heart of Lothian)

1960 - Amy Grant (singer: Baby Baby, LP: w/Art Garfunkel: The Animal’s Christmas)

1960 - John F. Kennedy Jr. (‘John-John’; attorney; cofounder/editor: George magazine; son of U.S. President John F. and Jacqueline Kennedy; killed in plane crash [w/wife Carolyn Bessette Kennedy and her sister Lauren Bessette] July 16, 1999)

1963 - Bernie Kosar (football: Cleveland Browns, Miami Dolphins QB)

1966 - Stacy Lattisaw (singer: Let Me Be Your Angel, Jump to the Beat, Love on a Two-Way Street, Miracles, Attack of the Name Game)

1969 - Jill Hennessy (actress: Law & Order, RoboCop 3, Molly, Nuremberg, The Acting Class, Exit Wounds, Crossing Jordan)

1971 - Christina Applegate (actress: Married ...... with Children, Heart of the City, Don’t Tell Mom the Babysitter’s Dead, Streets, Wild Bill)

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Chart Toppers - November 25
Buttons and Bows - Dinah Shore
On a Slow Boat to China - The Kay Kaiser Orchestra (vocal: Harry Babbitt & Gloria Wood
Hair of Gold, Eyes of Blue - Gordon MacRae
One Has My Name (The Other Has My Heart) - Jimmy Wakely

Love Me Tender - Elvis Presley
Cindy, Oh Cindy - Eddie Fisher
Hey! Jealous Lover - Frank Sinatra
Singing the Blues - Marty Robbins

Baby Love - The Supremes
Come a Little Bit Closer - Jay & The Americans
Ringo - Lorne Greene
I Don’t Care (Just as Long as You Love Me) - Buck Owens

I Can See Clearly Now - Johnny Nash
I’d Love You to Want Me - Lobo
Summer Breeze - Seals & Crofts
She’s Too Good to Be True - Charley Pride

Woman in Love - Barbra Streisand
The Wanderer - Donna Summer
Another One Bites the Dust - Queen
Lady - Kenny Rogers

Bad Medicine - Bon Jovi
Desire - U2
Baby, I Love Your Way/Freebird Medley (Free Baby) - Will To Power
I’ll Leave This World Loving You - Ricky Van Shelton

Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...

Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440fun.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams

Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International

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