Events - November 22
1880 - Lillian Russell made her vaudeville debut -- in New York City.
1899 - The Marconi Wireless Company of America was incorporated under laws of the State of New Jersey.
1906 - Delegates attending the Berlin Radiotelegraphic Conference in Germany voted to use SOS (...---...) as the letters for the new international signal. The international use of "SOS" was ratified in 1908. Its meaning? No, not “Save Our Ship” or “Save Our Souls” as many believe. Its only meaning was as a distress signal, quick to transmit by Morse code and not easily misread. It is not an acronym. Incidentally, how did SOS pads come to use the same initials? They’re named after a patented process, Soap on Steel.
1909 - Helen Hayes appeared for the first time on the New York stage. She was a member of the cast of "Old Dutch", which opened at the Herald Square Theatre.
1910 - Arthur F. Knight of Schenectady, New York patented the steel shaft. Not a big shaft, actually, but one to replace the less durable hickory wood shafts used to that time -- in golf clubs.
1917 - The National Hockey League came into being. Its official formation was in Montreal, Canada.
1935 - The first transpacific airmail flight left San Francisco with over 20,000 folks waving good-bye. The "China Clipper" began its 8,000-mile journey with 110,865 letters on board, piloted by Captain Edwin Musick. The Pan American Martin 130 took off from San Francisco. 59 hours and 48 minutes later, it landed at Manila in the Philippines.
1938 - Bunny Berigan and his orchestra waxed "Jelly Roll Blues" on Victor Records. The tune became a standard for the band.
1950 - This was a slow night in the NBA. The lowest score recorded in the National Basketball Association was posted. The Fort Wayne Pistons (later Detroit Pistons) whipped the tar out of the hometown Minneapolis Lakers (later Los Angeles Lakers) by the score of 19-18.
1955 - RCA paid the unheard of sum of $25,000 to Sam Phillips of Memphis, TN for the rights to the music of a truck driver from Tupelo, Mississippi: Elvis Presley. Thanks to negotiations with Elvis’ manager, Colonel Tom Parker, RCA tossed in a $5,000 bonus as well -- for a pink Cadillac for Elvis’ mother.
1957 - The Miles Davis Quintet debuted with a jazz concert at Carnegie Hall in New York.
1961 - "A Man for All Seasons" opened at the ANTA Playhouse in New York City. The play starred George Rose as the Common Man, Paul Scofield as Sir Thomas More, Albert Dekker as the Duke of Norfolk, Leo McKern as Thomas Cromwell, Keith Baxter as King Henry VIII and Olga Bellin as Margaret More. "A Man for All Seasons" ran for 637 performances, closing on Jun 1, 1963.
1963 - Generations recall watching CBS Television on this day. The popular soap opera "As the World Turns" was interrupted by a flash bulletin from Dallas. No one was available to man the CBS News studio at that instant, but a voice informed the nation that President John F. Kennedy had been gravely wounded during a motorcade through downtown Dallas. Minutes later, the network interrupted again to bring the world the terrible news. This time, Walter Cronkite, wearing partially rolled-up, white shirt sleeves, a loosened tie, no makeup, and black glasses, read wire copy just handed him: “Ladies and gentleman, the President of the United States is dead.” Cronkite, disbelieving the words he had just said, turned to look at a studio clock, stoically raised a hand to wipe away tears and continued with the tragic news that President Kennedy had died while undergoing emergency surgery at Parkland Hospital.
1965 - The production of "Man of La Mancha", including the classic "The Impossible Dream", opened in New York City for the first of 2,328 performances.
1975 - "Dr. Zhivago" appeared on TV for the first time. The production, including "Somewhere My Love", had earned $93 million from theatre tickets over ten years. NBC paid $4 million for the broadcast rights.
1984 - “Time to clear out the closet in the neighborhood...” Fred Rogers of PBS’ "Mr. Rogers’ Neighborhood" presented a sweater, knitted by his mother, to the Smithsonian Institution as “a symbol of warmth, closeness and caring,” according to museum officials.
1986 - Mike Tyson was only 20 years and 4 months old, becoming the youngest to wear the world heavyweight boxing crown. He knocked out Trevor Berbick in Las Vegas, NV.
1990 - British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher failed to win reelection as leader of the Conservative Party (over differences on European Community policy) and announced her resignation after eleven years in office.
1991 - Egypt’s Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Deputy Prime Minister of Egypt for Foreign Affairs, was chosen to be United Nations Secretary-General. Ghali was both the first Arab and the first African to hold the post.
1997 - After 41 days, one hour and 55 minutes at sea, New Zealanders Rob Hamill and Phil Stubbs rowed triumphantly into the marina at Port St. Charles, Barbados. They had just set a new Atlantic Ocean rowboat record, knocking over 30 days off the previous one, held by Mike Nester and Sean Crowley (set in 1986). Hamill and Phil Stubbs started from Los Gigantes on the island of Tenerife (Canary Islands) Oct 12. (Stubbs was killed in a plane crash in New Zealand Dec 20, 1998.)
1998 - It was week 12 of the NFL football season as Denver Broncos QB John Elway passed (pun intended) the 50,000-yard career-passing mark. He joined Dan Marino as the only passers to throw for more than 50,000 yards in a career. And Elway threw four touchdowns passes the following week to move into third place on the all-time TD pass list.
1999 - ‘The Great One’, Wayne Gretzky, was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. On June 23, 1999 it had been announced that Gretzky would be the tenth, and last, player to have the three-year waiting period waived by the hall-of-fame selection committee “by reason of outstanding pre-eminence and skill.” Gretzky held 61 NHL records.
2000 - First-run flicks opening in the U.S.: "102 Dalmations" (“Meet Two Unlikely Heroes with a Bone to Pick.”), with Glenn Close, Ioan Gruffudd, Alice Evans and Tim Mcinnerny; and "Unbreakable" (“Are You Ready for the Truth?”), starring Bruce Willis, Samuel L. Jackson, Robin Penn Wright and Charlayne Woodard.
Birthdays - November 22
1819 - George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans) (novelist: Middlemarch: A Study of Provincial Life, Adam Bede, The Mill on the Floss, Silas Marner, Romola, Felix Holt, Radical, Daniel Deronda; died Dec 22, 1880)
1890 - Charles DeGaulle (WWII military leader; President of France [1958-1969]; author: The Army of the Future; died Nov 9, 1970)
1898 - Wiley Post (pioneer aviator, parachutist; co-author: Around the World in Eight Days; killed in plane crash [w/flying companion Will Rogers] August 15, 1935)
1899 - Hoagy (Hoagland Howard) Carmichael (Nashville Songwriters Hall of Famer: Stardust, Lazybones, Two Sleepy People, Skylark, Georgia on My Mind, Ole Buttermilk Sky, Rockin’ Chair, [Up a] Lazy River, One Morning in May, The Nearness of You, Lamplighter’s Serenade, How Little We Know, Memphis in June, In the Cool, Cool, Cool of the Evening, New Orleans; singer, piano player, band leader, attorney; died Dec 27, 1981)
1907 - Dora Maar (photographer, model: Picasso’s lover and subject of many paintings; died July 16, 1997)
1914 - Lew Hays (founder of PONY League baseball for youngsters; died Apr 11, 1998)
1921 - Rodney Dangerfield (Jacob Cohen) (“I Don’t Get No Respect”: comedian, actor: Caddyshack, Easy Money, Back to School, Natural Born Killers, Ladybugs, The Dean Martin Show; died Oct 5, 2004)
1923 - Arthur Hiller (director: The Americanization of Emily, Author! Author!, Love Story, Man of La Mancha, Plaza Suite, Silver Streak, Taking Care of Business; died Aug 17, 2016)
1924 - Geraldine Page (Academy Award-winning actress: The Trip to Bountiful ; The Day of the Locust, Harry’s War, Pete ’n’ Tillie, Summer and Smoke, Sweet Bird of Youth, Toys in the Attic; Emmy Award-winner: A Christmas Memory, ABC Stage 67 [1966-1967], The Thanksgiving Visitor [1968-1969]; died June 13, 1987)
1926 - Lew (Selva Lewis) Burdette (baseball: pitcher: NY Yankees, Boston Braves, Milwaukee Braves [World Series: 1957, 1958/all-star: 1957, 1959], SL Cardinals, Chicago Cubs, Philadelphia Phillies, California Angels; died Feb 6, 2007)
1932 - Robert Vaughn (Emmy Award-winning actor: Washington: Behind Closed Doors [1977-78]; The Man from U.N.C.L.E., The Magnificent Seven, The Big One, The Towering Inferno, The Bridge at Remagen, Delta Force, Superman 3, The Young Philadelphians; died Nov 11, 2016)
1935 - Michael Callan (Calinieff) (actor: Because They’re Young, Cat Ballou, Gidget Goes Hawaiian, Love American Style, Occasional Wife)
1939 - Allen Garfield (Goorwitz) (actor: Diabolique, Night Visitor, Beverly Hills Cop 2, Dick Tracy, The Cotton Club, Mother, Jugs and Speed, The Conversation, The Candidate, The Owl and the Pussycat, Greetings, Bananas)
1940 - Terry Gilliam (actor: Monty Python series, And Now for Something Completely Different, Life of Brian; director: Brazil, The Fisher King, Monty Python and the Holy Grail)
1941 - Tom Conti (actor: American Dreamer, The Norman Conquests series, The Quick and the Dead, Saving Grace, Masterpiece Theater, Shirley Valentine, The Wright Verdicts)
1942 - Guion S. Bluford Jr. (astronaut: first African-American on space shuttle missions)
1942 - Floyd Sneed (musician: drums: group: Three Dog Night: Try a Little Tenderness, One, Easy to Be Hard, Eli’s Coming, Lady Samantha, Mama Told Me [Not to Come], Liar, Joy to the World, Black & White, Shambala)
1943 - Wade (Allen) Blasingame (baseball: pitcher: Milwaukee Braves, Atlanta Braves, Houston Astros, NY Yankees)
1943 - Billie Jean King (Moffitt) (International Tennis Hall of Famer & Women’s Sports Hall of Famer: 20 Wimbledon titles incl. singles champion [1966-1968, 1972, 1973, 1975], Australian Open Champion , French Open Champion , US Open Champion [1967. 1971, 1972, 1974], AP Female Athlete of the Year [1967, 1973], Sports Illustrated Sportswoman of the Year ; founder of Women’s Sports Foundation and WomenSports magazine)
1946 - Aston Barrett (‘Family Man’: musician: bass: group: Bob Marley & The Wailers)
1950 - Greg (Gregory Michael) Luzinski (baseball: Philadelphia Phillies [all-star: 1975-1978/World Series: 1980], Chicago White Sox; high school coach)
1950 - Steve ‘Miami’ Van Zandt (singer, songwriter, musician: guitar: groups: E Street Band, Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes, Little Steven and the Disciples of Soul)
1950 - Tina (Martina) Weymouth (musician: bass: group: Talking Heads: Love Goes to Building on Fire, Psycho Killer, Take Me to the River, I Zimbra, Life During Wartime)
1954 - Craig Hundley (musician: pianist: group: Craig Hundley Trio; actor: Tammy and the Millionaire, Days of Our Lives, Knots Landing, Schizoid, The Acorn People)
1958 - Jamie Lee Curtis (actress: A Fish Called Wanda, Forever Young, Halloween ’78, Halloween 2: The The Nightmare Isn’t Over!, Trading Places, True Lies, My Girl, Mother’s Boys, Love Letters, Anything But Love, Dominick & Eugene, Operation Petticoat; daughter of actors Tony Curtis and Janet Leigh)
1961 - Mariel Hemingway (actress: Delirious, Falling from Grace, Lipstick, Personal Best, The Suicide Club, Superman 4: The Quest for Peace, Manhattan, Civil Wars, Star 80)
1963 - Hugh Millen (football: QB: LA Rams, Atlanta Falcons, NE Patriots, Denver Broncos)
1964 - Stephen Geoffreys (Sheila Paris) (actor: Moon 44, 976-EVIL, The Chair, Fright Night, Fraternity Vacation, Heaven Help Us, Miracle on 69th Street)
1967 - Boris Becker (tennis: youngest Wimbledon Men’s Champion [17 years old][1985, 1986, 1989], US Open , Australian Open )
1984 - Scarlett Johansson (actress: The Horse Whisperer, My Brother the Pig, The Man Who Wasn’t There, An American Rhapsody)
Chart Toppers - November 22
It’s Been a Long, Long Time - The Harry James Orchestra (vocal: Kitty Kallen)
Till the End of Time - Perry Como
I’ll Buy that Dream - The Pied Pipers
Sioux City Sue - Dick Thomas
Ebb Tide - The Frank Chacksfield Orchestra
Rags to Riches - Tony Bennett
Ricochet - Teresa Brewer
There Stands the Glass - Webb Pierce
Runaround Sue - Dion
Fool #1 - Brenda Lee
Goodbye Cruel World - James Darren
Big Bad John - Jimmy Dean
Wedding Bell Blues - The 5th Dimension
Take a Letter Maria - R.B. Greaves
Smile a Little Smile for Me - The Flying Machine
Okie from Muskogee - Merle Haggard
You Light Up My Life - Debby Boone
Don’t It Make My Brown Eyes Blue - Crystal Gayle
Baby, What a Big Surprise - Chicago
The Wurlitzer Prize (I Don’t Want to Get over You) - Waylon Jennings
We Built this City - Starship
You Belong to the City - Glenn Frey
Separate Lives - Phil Collins & Marilyn Martin
Hang on to Your Heart - Exile
Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...
Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams
Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International
No portion of these files may be reproduced without the express, written permission of 440 International Inc.