Events - November 19
1863 - U.S. President Abraham Lincoln delivered his "Gettysburg Address" on this day. In July of 1863, the fields outside Gettysburg, Pennsylvania erupted into one of the bloodiest battles in the Civil War between the states. The Union forces held their positions against Confederate advances. The Confederates, under Robert E. Lee, retreated to Virginia, ending their attempt to invade the North. The battle was the turning point of the war; the Confederates were never again able to mount a campaign into the North and were on the run. President Lincoln traveled to the site of the battle to designate it as a national cemetery. While on the train, he wrote his speech on a small piece of paper. Three minutes after he had begun to speak, Lincoln had finished what is now considered to be one of the greatest speeches in American history.
1895 - Frederick E. Blaisdell of Philadelphia, PA patented what he called the paper pencil -- a paper-wrapped pencil with a string for revealing more lead, like those china markers you buy these days. (Thanks to David Cullen for help on this one.)
1928 - After five years of publication, "TIME" magazine presented a full-color cover portrait for the first time. Japanese Emperor Hirohito was the was the cover’s subject.
1943 - Stan Kenton and his orchestra recorded "Artistry in Rhythm", the song that later become the Kenton theme. It was Capitol record number 159. The other side of the disk was titled, "Eager Beaver".
1954 - Sammy Davis Jr. was involved in a serious auto accident in San Bernardino, CA. Three days later, Davis lost the sight in his left eye. He later referred to the accident as the turning point of his career.
1954 - Two automatic toll collectors were placed in service on the Garden State Parkway in New Jersey. The nation’s first automatic toll collector accepted only correct change. One needed a quarter to activate the green light.
1959 - The last Edsel rolled off the assembly line. Ford Motor Company stopped production of the big flop after two years and a total of 110,847 cars.
1961 - A year after Chubby Checker reached the #1 spot with "The Twist", the singer appeared on "The Ed Sullivan Show" to sing the song again. "The Twist" became the first record to reach #1 a second time around -- on January 13, 1962.
1962 - For the first time, a jazz concert was presented at the White House. Jazz had previously been served as background music only.
1966 - Six weeks before his 31st birthday, LA Dodgers pitcher Sandy Koufax, plagued by arthritis, announced his retirement from baseball. Koufax compiled a 12-season record of 165 wins, 87 losses and 2,396 strikeouts.
1984 - 20-year-old Dwight Gooden of the New York Mets became the youngest major-league pitcher to be named Rookie of the Year in the National League. The Mets pitcher led the majors with 276 strikeouts.
1986 - Philadelphia’s Mike Schmidt became only the third player in National League history to win the Most Valuable Player award three times. Roy Campanella of the Dodgers and Stan Musial of the Cardinals also won three National League MVP honors.
1994 - Nirvana’s album, "MTV Unplugged in New York", was number one in the U.S. for the week. The album featured these tracks: "About a Girl", "Come as You Are", "Jesus Doesn’t Want Me for a Sunbeam", "The Man Who Sold the World", "Pennyroyal Tea", "Dumb", "Polly", "On a Plain", "Something in the Way", "Plateau", "Oh, Me", "Lake of Fire", "All Apologies" and "Where Did You Sleep Last Night".
1997 - The world’s first surviving septuplets were born by Cesarean section to Bobbi McCaughey of Carlisle, Iowa. She claimed her place in the record books by giving birth to septuplets: four boys (Kenneth, Brandon, Nathan and Joel) and three girls (Alexis, Natalie and Kelsey). The seven newcomers joined a family that already included one daughter, Mikayla. The infants ranged in weight from 2 pounds, 5 ounces to 3 pounds, 4 ounces and were born over a period of six minutes. The father was Kenny McCaughey, a billing clerk at a car dealership.
1999 - The films were new to U.S. theatres this day: "Liberty Heights" (“You’re only young once, but you remember forever.”), starring Adrien Brody, Bebe Neuwirth and Joe Mantegna; "Sleepy Hollow" (“Close Your Eyes. Say Your Prayers. Sleep If You Can.”), with Johnny Depp, Christina Ricci and Miranda Richardson; and "The World is Not Enough" (“Bond is Back”), starring Pierce Brosnan as 007, Robert Carlyle, Sophie Marceau, Denise Richards, Robbie Coltrane, Dame Judi Dench as M, Desmond Llewelyn as Q, John Cleese as R and Samantha Bond as Moneypenny.
Birthdays - November 19
1752 - George Rogers Clark (American frontiersman, field commander: founded Louisville KY; brother of General William Clark of the Lewis and Clark Expedition; died Feb 13, 1818)
1831 - James Garfield (20th U.S. President , first left-handed president; married to Lucretia Rudolph [five sons, two daughters]; assassinated: shot July 2, 1881, died Sep 19, 1881)
1905 - Tommy Dorsey (musician: trombone, bandleader: ‘The Sentimental Gentleman of Swing’: I’m Getting Sentimental Over You, Treasure Island, The Music Goes Round and Round, Alone, You, Marie, Song of India, Who, Satan Takes a Holiday, The Big Apple, Once in a While, Music Maestro Please, Our Love, Indian Summer, All the Things You Are, There are Such Things, In the Blue of the Evening, Without a Song, I’ll Never Smile Again, Boogie Woogie; died Nov 26, 1956)
1917 - Indira Gandhi (Nehru) (Prime Minister of India [1966-1977 and 1980-84]; assassinated Oct 31, 1984)
1919 - Alan Young (actor: Mr. Ed, Emmy-Award winning show: The Alan Young Show ; Beverly Hills Cop 3, The Time Machine; cartoon voice: Scrooge McDuck; died May 19, 2016)
1921 - Roy Campanella (Baseball Hall of Fame catcher: Brooklyn Dodgers [World Series: 1949, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956/all-star: 1949-1956/Baseball Writer’s Award: 1951, 1953, 1955]; died June 26, 1993)
1926 - Jeane Kirkpatrick (diplomat: U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations [1981-1985], Presidential Medal of Freedom ; died Dec 7, 2006)
1933 - Larry King (Zeiger) (radio/TV talk-show host: Larry King Live)
1935 - Jack Welch (John Francis Welch Jr.) (chairman, CEO: General Electric Co.)
1936 - Dick Cavett (TV host: Emmy Award-winning show: The Dick Cavett Show)
1936 - Ray Collins (songwriter: Memories of El Monte [w/Frank Zappa for the Penguins]; died Dec 24, 2012)
1938 - Hank Medress (singer: group: The Tokens: The Lion Sleeps Tonight, Tonight I Fell in Love; record producer [w/Dave Appell]: In the Midnight Hour; executive: EMI Publishing Canada; died Jun 18, 2007)
1938 - Ted Turner (Robert Edward Turner III) (cable TV mogul: CNN, TBS, TNT, The Cartoon Network; owner: Atlanta Braves; TIME magazine’s Man of the Year )
1939 - Garrick Utley (journalist: NBC News, NBC Magazine with David Brinkley; TV moderator: Meet the Press, First Tuesday; died Feb 20, 2014)
1941 - Dan Haggerty (animal trainer, actor: The Life and Times of Grizzly Adams, The Adventures of Frontier Freemont; died Jan 15, 2016)
1942 - Calvin Klein (fashion designer)
1944 - Fred Lipsius (musician: piano, sax: group: Blood Sweat & Tears: You’ve Made Me So Very Happy, Spinning Wheel; LP: Child is Father to the Man)
1947 - Bob (Robert Raymond) Boone (baseball: catcher: Philadelphia Phillies [all-star: 1976, 1978, 1979/World Series: 1980], California Angels [all-star: 1983], KC Royals; one of famous Baseball Boones [Bob; his father Ray; and his son Bret])
1947 - Mike Phipps (football: Cleveland Browns QB)
1949 - Ahmad Rashad (Bobby Moore) (football: Univ. of Oregon, SL Cardinals, Buffalo Bills, Seattle Seahawks, Minnesota Vikings; sportscaster)
1951 - Wilbur Jackson (football: Washington Redskins RB, Superbowl XVII)
1953 - Richard Todd (football: QB: Univ. of Alabama, NY Jets: most completions [42 in one NFL game: Jets vs. 49ers: 9/21/80])
1954 - Kathleen Quinlan (actress: The Promise, I Never Promised You a Rose Garden, American Graffiti, Airport ’77, Apollo 13, Family Law)
1956 - Glynnis O’Connor (actress: The Deliberate Stranger, Johnny Dangerously, The Boy in the Plastic Bubble, Sons and Daughters)
1959 - Allison Janney (Emmy Award-winning Supporting actress: The West Wing [2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004]; The Guiding Light, Private Parts, Primary Colors, The Impostors, David and Lisa, Drop Dead Gorgeous, American Beauty)
1961 - Meg Ryan (Margaret Mary Emily Anne Hyra) (actress: When a Man Loves a Woman, When Harry Met Sally, D.O.A., Sleepless in Seattle, Flesh and Bone, Top Gun, One of the Boys, Addicted to Love, City of Angels, You’ve Got Mail)
1962 - Jodie (Alicia Christian) Foster (Academy Award-winning actress: The Accused , Silence of the Lambs ; Mayberry R.F.D., Taxi Driver, Napoleon and Samantha, Sommersby, Paper Moon, Maverick; director: Little Man Tate, Home for the Holidays)
1963 - Terry Farrell (actress: Becker, Beverly Hills Madam, Back to School, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Reasons of the Heart)
1969 - Erika Alexander (actress: The Cosby Show, Judging Amy, The Last Best Year, Fathers & Sons, Living Single)
Chart Toppers - November 19
Harbor Lights - The Sammy Kaye Orchestra (vocal: Tony Alamo)
Goodnight Irene - The Weavers
Thinking of You - Don Cherry
I’m Moving On - Hank Snow
Tom Dooley - The Kingston Trio
Topsy II - Cozy Cole
Beep Beep - The Playmates
City Lights - Ray Price
You Keep Me Hangin’ On - The Supremes
Good Vibrations - The Beach Boys
Winchester Cathedral - The New Vaudeville Band
I Get the Fever - Bill Anderson
Whatever Gets You Thru the Night - John Lennon with The Plastic Ono Nuclear Band
Do It (’Til You’re Satisfied) - B.T. Express
My Melody of Love - Bobby Vinton
Country Is - Tom T. Hall
Up Where We Belong - Joe Cocker & Jennifer Warnes
Truly - Lionel Richie
Heart Attack - Olivia Newton-John
Heartbroke - Ricky Skaggs
Love Takes Time - Mariah Carey
Pray - M.C. Hammer
More Than Words Can Say - Alias
You Really Had Me Going - Holly Dunn
Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...
Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams
Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International
No portion of these files may be reproduced without the express, written permission of 440 International Inc.