440 International Those Were the Days
November 10

Events - November 10
1775 - The Continental Congress of the American colonies, in preparation for their revolt against the British (The Revolutionary War), authorized the formation of two battalions of marines. Although this was the true birth of the U.S. Marine Corps, it wasn’t until 1798 that Congress recreated the Marine Corps as a separate military service.

1871 - Henry Stanley found the missing Scotsman, David Livingstone. Livingstone, an explorer and missionary, had been missing for two years. No white man had seen him in six years. Through a promotion sponsored by "The New York Herald", Stanley and several companions set out looking for Livingstone some eight months earlier. (Stanley’s fellow explorers died before this day.) Stanley’s search for Dr. Livingstone ended at Ujiji, Africa. He greeted the doctor with, “Dr. Livingstone, I presume.”

1888 - Fritz Kreisler, a 13-year-old violinist from Vienna, made his American debut in New York City.

1900 - "Floradora" opened in New York City this day. The play was received by cheering audiences.

1928 - It was on this day, after Knute Rockne delivered his ‘Win One for the Gipper’ halftime speech to the Irish players, that Notre Dame upset Army, 12-6. Rockne’s speech: “The day before he died, George Gipp asked me to wait until the situation seemed hopeless, then ask a Notre Dame team to go out and beat Army for him. This is the day, and you are the team.”

1931 - For the second year in a row, Conrad Nagel hosted the Academy Awards. This year’s gala celebration, the Academy’s fourth, was at the Sala D’Oro Room at the Biltmore Hotel in Los Angeles. The runaway winner was "Cimarron" (Outstanding Production - RKO Radio; Art Direction - Max Ree; Writing/Adaptation - Howard Estabrook). Best Actor honors went to Lionel Barrymore for his stellar performance in "A Free Soul"; ditto for Best Actress Marie Dressler in "Min and Bill". The Best Directing Award for "Skippy" went to Norman Taurog, and Best Cinematography accolades were earned by Floyd Crosby for his work on "Tabu". The Academy Award for Best Writing/Original Story was presented to John Monk Saunders for his script, "The Dawn Patrol". Several Scientific and Technical Awards were also presented for the first time.

1939 - Muggsy Spanier and his band recorded "Dipper Mouth Blues" on Bluebird Records.

1939 - The first air-conditioned automobiles went on display at the Auto Show in Chicago.

1950 - Monty Woolley starred as "The Magnificent Montague", which debuted on NBC radio.

1956 - Billie Holiday returned to the New York City stage at Carnegie Hall after a three-year absence. The concert was called a high point in jazz history.

1969 - On this day, twenty years after the first release of "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer", Gene Autry received a gold record for the single.

1969 - “Can you tell me how to get ... how to get to Sesame Street?” The classic, "Sesame Street" debuted on 170 Public Broadcasting stations and 20 commercial outlets. Created by the Children’s Television Workshop, the show starred endearing characters including Gordon, Susan, Bob, Bert, Ernie, the Cookie Monster, Oscar the Grouch and, of course, Big Bird!

1972 - Mickey (Arthur) McBride died on this day. McBride owned the Cleveland Browns in the 1940s and 1950s -- and also owned a taxicab company. Browns’ coach Paul Brown kept five non-roster players on a special squad. They could practice with the team in case a regular player was hurt, but the squad’s salaries were paid by McBride’s taxi company. Thus, the term, ‘taxi squad’. According to Terry Pluto, in his "When All the World was Browns Town", taxi squad members never drove cars, they were just driven in practice by Paul Brown -- and supported by Mickey McBride.

1975 - The worst Great Lakes shipwreck of the time, the sinking of the "Edmund Fitzgerald", occurred this day. It was a cold and stormy Lake Superior (Native Americans knew it as Gitche Gumee) that took the lives of 29 crew members of the ore carrier.

1984 - The Maryland Terrapins set an NCAA football record. They came from a 31-0 halftime deficit to defeat Miami’s Hurricanes, 42-40. The game broke the record (set on October 20, 1984), when Washington State came back from 28 points behind to defeat Stanford, 49-42.

1986 - "Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band Live/1975-85", the long-anticipated album by ‘The Boss’, hit record stores this day. Fans made the LP a one-day sellout, buying over a million copies and generating more first-day dollars than any record in 30 years. It’s a five-disc, 40-song set.

1994 - The "Codex Leicester", the only Leonardo da Vinci manuscript owned in the United States and the only one in the world still in private hands, was sold at auction. Microsoft chairman Bill Gates paid $30.8 million for it. It has been since been exhibited in Venice, Milan, Rome, Paris and New York.

1995 - "Ace Ventura: When Nature Calls", starring Jim Carrey, with a little help from Ian McNeice, Simon Callow, Maynard Eziashi and Tommy Davidson opened. It brought in $108,360,000 in the U.S. “ALLLRIGHTY then...”

1996 - Dan Marino was first NFL quarterback to throw for 50,000 yards in his career. He reached that mark as he completed a pass to O.J. McDuffie in a game against the Indianapolis Colts this day. Marino went on to a run up a career record of 61,361 yards passing.

1999 - "Pokémon the First Movie: Mewtwo Strikes Back" debuted in the U.S. Described variously as “weird and wacky humor”; “truly funny, goofy and stupid”; and “hilarious lowbrow humor,” the animated kiddie flick scooped up $85.7 million in the U.S, and $155.7 million worldwide. Wacky, indeed.

2000 - New movies in U.S. theatres: "Little Nicky", starring Adam Sandler, Harvey Keitel and Patricia Arquette (“If your father was the devil And your mother was an angel You'd be messed up too!”); "Men of Honor", with Robert De Niro, Cuba Gooding Jr. and Charlize Theron (“History is made by those who break rules.”); and "Red Planet", starring Val Kilmer, Carrie-Anne Moss and Tom Sizemore (“Not a sound. Not a warning. Not a chance. Not alone.”)

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Birthdays - November 10
1483 - Martin Luther (religious leader: founder of Protestantism: wrote 95 theses: On the Power of Indulgences, calling for reformation of the Roman Catholic Church; died Feb 18, 1546)

1697 - William Hogarth (painter, engraver: Four Stages of Cruelty, A Rake’s Progress, A Harlot’s Progress; died Oct 25, 1764)

1730 - Oliver Goldsmith (playwright: She Stoops to Conquer, The Vicar of Wakefield; died Apr 4, 1774)

1793 - Jared P. (Potter) Kirtland (physician; naturalist: found 1st Kirtland’s Warbler [now, a rare bird]; died Dec 10, 1877)

1889 - Claude Rains (actor: Casablanca, The Invisible Man, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, Lawrence of Arabia; died May 30, 1967)

1907 - (Ellen) Jane Froman (singer: I Only Have Eyes for You, I’ll Walk Alone, I Believe; died Apr 22, 1980)

1912 - (George Robert) Birdie Tebbetts (baseball: catcher: Detroit Tigers [World Series: 1940/all-star: 1941, 1942], Boston Red Sox [all-star: 1948, 1949], Cleveland Indians; manager: Cincinnati Reds, Atlanta Braves, Cleveland Indians; died Mar 24, 1999)

1916 - Billy May (composer, bandleader: many of Sinatra’s Capitol hits; died Jan 22, 2004)

1919 - George Fenneman (announcer: radio/TV: You Bet Your Life [w/Groucho Marx]; TV host: Your Funny, Funny Films, Anybody Can Play; died May 29, 1997)

1925 - Richard Burton (Richard Walter Jenkins Jr.) (actor: Camelot, Hamlet, Anne of the Thousand Days, Becket, The Desert Rats, The Longest Day, Look Back in Anger, The Night of the Iguana, The Robe, The Sandpiper, The Taming of the Shrew, Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?; TV narrator: Winston Churchill-The Valiant Years, Ellis Island; one of Elizabeth Taylor’s ex-husbands; died Aug 5, 1984)

1932 - Paul Bley (pianist, composer: LP: Open to Love, Fragments, My Standard; founding member: Jazz Composers Guild; died Jan 3, 2016)

1932 - Roy Scheider (actor: All that Jazz, Blue Thunder, Marathon Man, The French Connection, Jaws series, 2010, 52 Pickup, seaQuest DSV; died Feb 10, 2008)

1939 - Russell Means (activist: Native American rights; died Oct 22, 2012)

1944 - Tim Rice (lyricist: with Andrew Lloyd Weber: Jesus Christ, Superstar, Evita, Joseph and His Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat; film scores: Gumshoe, Odessa File)

1945 - Donna Fargo (Yvonne Vaughn) (Grammy Award-winning singer, songwriter: The Happiest Girl in the Whole U.S.A. [1972]; Funny Face)

1947 - Dave Loggins (singer: Please Come to Boston; cousin of singer Kenny Loggins)

1948 - Greg Lake (musician: bass, singer: group: Emerson, Lake and Palmer: From the Beginning, Lucky Man; solo: I Believe in Father Christmas; died Dec 7, 2016)

1949 - Ann Reinking (dancer, actress: Pippin, All that Jazz, Annie, Mickey and Maude)

1950 - Ronnie Hammond (singer: group: Atlanta Rhythm Section: So in to You, Imaginary Lover; died Mar 14, 2011)

1950 - Jack Scalia (actor: Pointman, The Devlin Connection, Dallas, High Performance, Berrenger’s, Hollywood Beat, Storybook, Shattered Image, Wolf, Tequila & Bonetti; TV host: Stuntmasters)

1953 - Rusty Chambers (football: Miami Dolphins LB)

1955 - Jack (Anthony) Clark (baseball: SF Giants [all-star: 1978, 1979], SL Cardinals [World Series: 1985/all-star: 1985, 1986], NY Yankees, SD Padres, Boston Red Sox)

1956 - Sinbad (David Adkins) (actor, comedian: A Different World, The Sinbad Show, The Redd Foxx Show, Coneheads, The Cherokee Kid, Good Burger; TV host: Showtime at the Apollo)

1959 - (Laura) Mackenzie Phillips (actress: One Day at a Time, American Graffiti, Eleanor & Franklin; daughter of singer John Phillips [The Mamas and The Papas])

1977 - Brittany Murphy (actress: Clueless, Freeway, Drop Dead Gorgeous, Girl, Interrupted, Cherry Falls, Riding in Cars with Boys; died Dec 20, 2009)

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Chart Toppers - November 10
That Lucky Old Sun - Frankie Laine
Don’t Cry, Joe - The Gordon Jenkins Orchestra (vocal: Betty Brewer)
I Can Dream, Can’t I? - The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra (vocal: Jack Leonard)
Slipping Around - Margaret Whiting & Jimmy Wakely

Jailhouse Rock - Elvis Presley
You Send Me - Sam Cooke
Little Bitty Pretty One - Thurston Harris
Wake Up Little Susie - The Everly Brothers

Get Off of My Cloud - The Rolling Stones
A Lover’s Concerto - The Toys
Everybody Loves a Clown - Gary Lewis & The Playboys
Hello Vietnam - Johnny Wright

Keep on Truckin’ - Eddie Kendricks
Heartbeat - It’s a Lovebeat - The DeFranco Family
Photograph - Ringo Starr
Paper Roses - Marie Osmond

Private Eyes - Daryl Hall & John Oates
Start Me Up - The Rolling Stones
Tryin’ to Live My Life Without You - Bob Seger
Fancy Free - The Oak Ridge Boys

Listen to Your Heart - Roxette
Cover Girl - New Kids on the Block
When I See You Smile - Bad English
Ace in the Hole - George Strait

Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...

Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440fun.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams

Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International

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