Events - November 5
1605 - Eleven men, led by one Guy Fawkes, came together to find a way to return England to the Catholic faith. It seems that King James had been sending Jesuits into exile. The conspirators plotted to kill the King and all members of the Parliament by blowing up the Houses of Parliament on November 5. They had amassed 36 barrels of gunpowder and placed the barrels under the Houses of Parliament. The plot was discovered on November 4th, and the conspirators were arrested, tried and convicted. The following January, Guy Fawkes and seven other surviving members of the group were beheaded. Their heads were then displayed on the spikes of London Bridge. The following November 5th (1606), the same Parliament Guy Fawkes and his men had attempted to annihilate, established a national day of Thanksgiving. Guy Fawkes Day or Bonfire Night has been celebrated every year since with fireworks and the burning of Guy Fawkes’ effigy.
1733 - The first issue of the "New York Weekly Journal" was published by printer/journalist John Peter Zenger.
1911 - The first American transcontinental airplane flight was begun. Calbraith P. Rogers flew from Sheepshead Bay, NY to Pasadena, CA. It took Rogers 49 days to make the trip; 24 days were lost due to bad weather and mechanical difficulties. The rest were because he stopped at all the tourist places. Some of us have flown that route, haven’t we?
1929 - McKinney’s Cotton Pickers picked and fiddled their way to the Victor studios to record "Plain Dirt". Among those pickin’ and grinnin’ were luminaries such as Fats Waller (on piano), Benny Carter and Coleman Hawkins.
1930 - All was quiet in the Fiesta Room at Los Angeles’ Ambassador Hotel this night as the Third Annual Academy Awards were about to be announced. The big winner of the evening, hosted by Conrad Nagel, was "All Quiet on the Western Front" (Outstanding Production - Universal, and Best Director - Lewis Milestone). "The Big House" also took two awards: Best Sound Recording - Douglas Shearer/Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studio Sound Department and Best Writing - Frances Marion. Only four more awards were presented at the fledgling film industry’s celebration. Best Actor honors went to George Arliss for his performance in "Disraeli" (a remake of the 1921 silent version, also starring Arliss) and Norma Shearer copped the prize for Best Actress for her role in "The Divorcee". Herman Rosse won an award for his Art Direction in "King of Jazz" and the Best Cinematography award went to Joseph T. Rucker and Willard Van Der Veer for "With Byrd at the South Pole". We can now break the silence. Applause! Applause!
1930 - Sinclair Lewis, novelist, playwright, and social critic, won the Nobel Prize for Literature. He was the first American to win the prize and went to him “for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humour, new types of characters.” Lewis wrote 22 novels and three plays.
1934 - The first broadcast of "The Gumps" was heard on CBS radio. Wilmer Walter played Andy Gump, Agnes Moorehead was Gump’s wife, Min, and Jackie Kelk was son, Chester. Karo syrup and Pebico toothpaste/tooth powder sponsored.
1942 - America’s ‘Yankee Doodle Dandy’, George M. Cohan, died at age 64. Cohan was a legendary songwriter whose spirited and star-spangled tunes lit up Broadway and will be a part of Americana forever.
1946 - John F. Kennedy, age 29, began his political career by getting elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. He was a Congressman from Massachusetts.
1950 - “The greatest stars of our time on one big program” was the introduction by actress Tallulah Bankhead, who opened the 90-minute "Big Show" on NBC radio. It was a big show all right. The peacock saw red as losses exceeded a million dollars in the three years the program was on the air.
1955 - The Vienna State Opera House in Austria formally reopened, celebrating the end of 17 years of foreign occupation.
1968 - Richard M. Nixon won the U.S. presidential election. He defeated Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey and third-party candidate George C. Wallace to become the 37th U.S. President.
1971 - The Los Angeles Lakers began the longest winning streak in the history of pro sports by winning the first of 33 consecutive basketball games.
1977 - A musical fixture for decades -- especially on New Year’s Eve -- died at the age of 75. Guy Lombardo, leader of the Royal Canadians, is fondly remembered for many songs he made famous; but his most popular remains "Auld Lang Syne".
1984 - The Supreme Court ruled that the NFL could not block future franchise moves and had exceeded antitrust limits in attempting to stop a move by the Oakland Raiders to Los Angeles.
1986 - Dick Clark registered for an initial public stock offering for his TV production company (DCP). On the registration form, he called his product ‘mind candy’.
1988 - The Beach Boys hit #1 in US with "Kokomo". They set two music-chart records with this event. It was the longest span of #1 hits (24 years, 4 months since "I Get Around") and the longest gap between #1 hits (21 years, 10 months since "Good Vibrations").
1988 - And speaking of music trivia (thanks to http://www.rockdate.co.uk Rockdate Diary): "The Loco-Motion", by Kylie Minogue hit #4 on the "Billboard Hot 100" this day, the song became the first to reach the top-5 in the U.S. for three different artists (Little Eva in 1962, Grand Funk in 1974).
1994 - George Foreman knocked out Michael Moorer in the 10th in Las Vegas round to become the IBF/WBA Heavyweight Champion of the World.
1994 - "Murder Was the Case", the soundtrack album from the motion picture of the same name, was the number-one album in the U.S. The album ran 73 minutes. The Snoop Doggy Dogg/Dr. Dre movie which inspired it ran 18 minutes. I’ll have a small popcorn and a teeny-weeny drink please...
1996 - U.S. voters reelected President Bill Clinton but gave the Republican party another majority in both houses of Congress, trimming the margin of that majority in the House of Representatives and increasing it slightly in the Senate.
1999 - U.S. District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson, in a ‘finding of fact’, declared Microsoft Corporation a monopoly. Jackson wrote, “Microsoft enjoys so much power in the market for Intel-compatible PC operating systems that if it wished to exercise this power solely in terms of price, it could charge a price for Windows substantially above that which could be charged in a competitive market.”
1999 - Movies opening in the U.S.: "The Bachelor", starring Chris O’donnell, Renee Zellweger, James Cromwell, Marley Shelton and Artie Lange; "The Bone Collector", with Denzel Washington, Angelina Jolie and Queen Latifah; and "The Insider", starring Al Pacino, Russell Crowe, Christopher Plummer, Diane Venora and Philip Baker Hall.
Birthdays - November 5
1855 - Eugene (Victor) Debs (politician: founded Social Democratic Party of America; Socialist Party nominee for U.S. President [1904, 1908, 1912, 1920]; died Oct 20, 1926)
1857 - Ida Tarbell (author: History of the Standard Oil Company; associate editor: The Chautauquan, McClure’s Magazine, American Magazine; autobiography: All in the Day’s Work; died Jan 6, 1944)
1885 - Will Durant (author, historian: The Story of Philosophy, The Story of Civilization [w/wife Ariel]; died Nov 7, 1981)
1891 - Earle ‘Greasy’ Neale (Football Hall of Famer: West Virginia Wesleyan, Canton Bulldogs; coach: Philadelphia Eagles [1941-1950], three straight eastern division crowns and NFL championships [1948, 1949]; created the 5-man defensive line; died Nov 2, 1973)
1893 - Raymond Loewy (inventor, engineer, industrial designing: ‘father of streamlining’: US Postal Service logo, Air Force One and many other products such as pens, appliances, cars and trains; died July 14, 1986)
1900 - Natalie Schafer (actress: Gilligan’s Island, The Survivors, Forever Darling, The Time of Your Life; died Apr 10, 1991)
1905 - Joel (Albert) McCrea (actor: Ride the High Country, The Oklahoman, Four Faces West, Buffalo Bill, Barbary Coast, Wichita Town; died Oct 20, 1990)
1911 - Roy Rogers (Leonard Slye) (‘King of the Cowboys’: actor: 85+ westerns, The Roy Rogers Show, The Roy Rogers & Dale Evans Show; singer: Happy Trails to You; died July 6, 1998)
1913 - Vivien Leigh (Vivian Mary Hartley) (Academy Award-winning actress: Gone with the Wind , A Streetcar Named Desire ; Ship of Fools, Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone, Anna Karenina; died July 7, 1967)
1913 - John McGiver (actor: Midnight Cowboy, The Manchurian Candidate, Breakfast at Tiffany’s, The Patty Duke Show, Mr. Terrific, Many Happy Returns, The Jimmy Stewart Show; died Sep 9, 1975)
1931 - Ike Turner (musician: piano, singer: duo: Ike & Tina Turner Revue: It’s Gonna Work Out Fine, Poor Fool, Tra La La La, I Idolize You, Proud Mary; owner: recording studio; died Dec 12, 2007)
1936 - Billy Sherrill (songwriter, musician: saxophone: Tipsy; record producer: Almost Persuaded; VP/Executive Producer: CBS Nashville; died Aug 4, 2015)
1940 - Elke Sommer (Schletz) (actress: A Shot in the Dark, The Prize, The Oscar, Prisoner of Zenda; Miss Italy )
1941 - Art Garfunkel (singer: duo: Simon and Garfunkel: Bridge Over Troubled Water, Homeward Bound, I Am a Rock, Mrs. Robinson, Scarborough Fair, The Sounds of Silence, Cecilia; Rock and Roll Hall of Famer; solo: All I Know, Second Avenue, I Only Have Eyes for You, Wonderful World [w/James Taylor, Paul Simon]; actor: Catch-22, Carnal Knowledge, Bad Timing)
1943 - Sam Shepard (Sam Shepard Rogers) (actor: Days of Heaven, The Pelican Brief, The Right Stuff, Steel Magnolias, Voyager; playwright: Silent Tongue, Far North, Fool for Love, Zabriskie Point, Paris Texas; died Jul 27, 2017)
1946 - Gram Parsons (Cecil Ingram Connors) (singer: group: The Byrds: LP: Sweetheart of the Rodeo; The Flying Burrito Brothers: LP: The Gilded Palace of Sin, Burrito Deluxe; songwriter: She, How Much I’ve Lied, The New Soft Shoe, Grievous Angel, Hickory Wind, Las Vegas, In My Hour of Darkness; died Sep 19, 1973)
1947 - Peter Noone (Peter Blair Denis Bernard Noone) (musician [guitar, piano], singer: Herman of Herman’s Hermits: Mrs. Brown, You’ve Got a Lovely Daughter, I’m Henry VIII, I Am; solo: Oh You Pretty Thing; actor: The Pirates of Penzance)
1952 - Bill Walton (Basketball Hall of Famer: UCLA: NCAA championship [1972, 1973]: MVP, Sullivan Award ; Portland Trail Blazers: NBA Championship title , MVP ; San Diego Clippers; Boston Celtics: 1986 NBA championship)
1957 - Jon-Erik Hexum (actor: Voyagers, Cover Up; killed Oct 18, 1984 [accidentally shot himself in the head with a gun loaded with blanks on set of Cover Up]; died Oct 18, 1984)
1958 - Robert Patrick (actor: Killer Instinct, Die Hard 2: Die Harder, Terminator 2: Judgment Day, Wayne’s World, Fire in the Sky, Rosewood, Cop Land, Renegade Force, The X Files [TV])
1959 - Bryan Adams (singer: Heaven, Summer of ’69; songwriter: Everything I Do; songwriter: Tears are Not Enough)
1959 - Lloyd (Anthony) Moseby (baseball: Toronto Blue Jays [all-star: 1986], Detroit Tigers)
1963 - Andrea McArdle (actress, singer: Annie)
1963 - Tatum O’Neal (Academy Award-winning actress: Paper Moon ; Bad News Bears, Little Darlings)
1964 - Famke Janssen (actress: Fathers & Sons, GoldenEye, The Gingerbread Man, Rounders, X-Men)
1968 - Sam Rockwell (actor: Clownhouse, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Strictly Business, The Search for One-eye Jimmy, Safe Men, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, The Green Mile, Charlie’s Angels)
1971 - Corin ‘Corky’ Nemec (actor: Operation Dumbo Drop, Stephen King’s The Stand, Drop Zone, Solar Crisis, Tucker: The Man and His Dream, Parker Lewis Can’t Lose, Webster)
Chart Toppers - November 5
I’ll Walk Alone - Dinah Shore
Dance with the Dolly - The Russ Morgan Orchestra (vocal: Al Jennings)
How Many Hearts Have You Broken - The Three Suns
Smoke on the Water - Red Foley
You Belong to Me - Jo Stafford
Wish You Were Here - Eddie Fisher
Half as Much - Rosemary Clooney
Jambalaya (On the Bayou) - Hank Williams
Save the Last Dance for Me - The Drifters
My Heart Has a Mind of Its Own - Connie Francis
You Talk Too Much - Joe Jones
Wings of a Dove - Ferlin Husky
Hey Jude - The Beatles
Those Were the Days - Mary Hopkin
Midnight Confessions - The Grass Roots
Next in Line - Conway Twitty
If You Leave Me Now -Chicago
Rock’n Me - Steve Miller
The Wreck of the Edmond Fitzgerald - Gordon Lightfoot
Among My Souvenirs - Marty Robbins
Caribbean Queen (No More Love on the Run) - Billy Ocean
Purple Rain - Prince & The Revolution
Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go - Wham!
City of New Orleans - Willie Nelson
Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...
Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams
Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International
No portion of these files may be reproduced without the express, written permission of 440 International Inc.