440 International Those Were the Days
November 4

Events - November 4
1842 - Abe Lincoln, 33, married Mary Todd, 23, in Springfield, IL.

1846 - An artificial leg was patented by B.F. Palmer of Meredith, NH who “got a leg up” on all other competition, according to the U.S. Patent office.

1873 - Dr. John B. Beers of San Francisco, CA patented a gold crown for teeth.

1879 - James J. Ritty of Dayton, OH patented the cash register. Buy something today and try to remember how a cash register sounded before the age of computers.

1922 - King Tutankhamen’s tomb was discovered in Egypt -- in the Valley of the Kings. The tomb was hidden under a house that had been erected for workers excavating the tomb of Ramesses IV. King Tut came into power at the tender age of nine. He was pharaoh of ancient Egypt until his death at the ripe old age of 18 or 19 (in 1352 BC).

1924 - Calvin Coolidge was elected to the top office of the United States. Coolidge was already in the office of president having to complete Warren G. Harding’s term (Harding died in office). This time, and on this day, he was voted into office by the people of the United States. He served another four years.

1938 - "You’re a Sweet Little Headache", from the movie "Paris Honeymoon", was recorded by Bing Crosby -- on Decca.

1948 - T.S. Eliot (Thomas Stearns Eliot) won the Nobel Prize in Literature “for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry.”

1949 - "One Man’s Family" debuted on NBC-TV. The show continued for three seasons. It also enjoyed one of the longest runs of any program on radio (1933-1959).

1952 - America said, “I Like Ike”. The Dwight D. Eisenhower/Richard M. Nixon ticket won a sweeping (55%-44%) victory over Democrat Adlai E. Stevenson and running-mate John J. Sparkman. Eisenhower was the 34th president of the U.S.

1954 - Florence Henderson, who was all of 20 years old, joined with Ezio Pinza and Walter Slezak in "Fanny". The show lit up Broadway 888 times.

1958 - Angelo Roncalli became Pope John XXIII. He was expected by many to be a caretaker and transitional pope, but he astonished the church and the world with his energy and reforming spirit. His convening of the Second Vatican Council and his changing of the church’s attitudes toward those who were not Catholic were milestones.

1961 - Bob Dylan gave his first major concert outside of Greenwich Village. The Carnegie Hall solo appearance was not well attended.

1963 - The Beatles played a Royal Command Performance as part of an evening of entertainment for the Queen Mother and Princess Margaret at the Prince of Wales Theatre in London.

1973 - Golfing great Ben Crenshaw won his first tournament on the pro tour by capturing the Texas Open.

1973 - The Chicago Bears set a National Football League record by holding the Green Bay Packers to a minus 12 yards passing.

1979 - 3,000 militants overran the U.S. Embassy in Teheran, Iran. They captured 54 embassy staff members. Religious extremist and Iranian leader Ayatollah Khomeini praised their actions. The militants demanded that the Shah of Iran, who had ruled for decades and was now seeking medical treatment in the West, be turned over to them for trial; that the United States apologize for crimes against the Iranian people; and that the Shah’s assets be given to them.

1980 - Republican Ronald Reagan won the White House defeating President Jimmy Carter. Reagan was the 40th President of the U.S., winning by a landslide (525 electoral votes to Carter’s 40).

1980 - Sadaharu Oh of the Tokyo Yomiuri Giants retired from professional baseball. The first baseman hit a record 868 home runs in his 22-year playing career.

1984 - The Artist Formerly Known as Prince kicked off his fall tour in Detroit. He broke the record for sold-out performances at the 20,000-seat Joe Louis Arena. The previous record-holder was The Artist Still Known as Neil Diamond (in 1983).

1991 - The Ronald Reagan Presidential Library & Museum was dedicated by five American presidents (the first gathering of five U.S. presidents). Reagan, President George Bush, and former presidents Jimmy Carter, Gerald R. Ford and Richard M. Nixon attended the ceremonies in Simi Valley, California.

1995 - Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, 73, was gunned down as he was about to enter his car after speaking at a pro-peace rally in Tel Aviv, Israel. Israeli law student Yigal Amir, confessed to killing Rabin because he opposed Rabin’s ongoing efforts to achieve a peaceful settlement with the Palestinians, saying Rabin wanted to “to give our country to the Arabs.”

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Birthdays - November 4
1862 - Eden Phillpotts (author: Black, White and Brindled, A Deal With the Devil, The Red Redmaynes, Saurus; died Dec 29, 1960)

1879 - Will (William Penn Adair) Rogers (entertainer: The Wall Street Girl, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court; humorist: “I never met a man I didn’t like.”; mayor: Beverly Hills; cowboy; subject of Broadway show: Will Rogers Follies; killed in plane crash Aug 15, 1935)

1912 - Pauline Trigere (fashion designer: produced first reversible coat; Costume Designer: Breakfast at Tiffany’s; died Feb 13, 2002)

1913 - Gig Young (Byron Elsworth Barr) (Academy Award-winning actor: They Shoot Horses Don’t They? [1969]; Teacher’s Pet, Young at Heart, Desperate Hours, The Rogues; TV host/narrator: Warner Brothers Presents; died Oct 19, 1978)

1916 - Walter Cronkite (Emmy Award-winning news anchor & news correspondent: CBS Evening News; narrator, host: The 20th Century, The 21st Century, The Facts We Face, Open Hearing, Man of the Week, It’s News to Me, Air Power; received Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Governor’s Award [1979]; died Jul 17, 2009)

1917 - Virginia (Margaret Cynthia) Field (actress: A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court, Dance, Girl, Dance, Waterloo Bridge; died Jan 2, 1992)

1918 - Art (William Matthew) Carney (Academy Award-winning actor: Harry and Tonto [1974]; Last Action Hero, Izzy and Moe, House Calls, Roadie, Take this Job and Shove It, Terrible Joe Moran; Emmy Award-winner: The Jackie Gleason Show: The Honeymooners [1954, 1955, 1966-1967, 1967-1968], The Art Carney Special [1959-1960]; died Nov 9, 2003)

1918 - Cameron Mitchell (Mitzell) (actor: Trapped Alive, Hollywood Cop, Swift Justice, Blood and Black Lace, How to Marry a Millionaire, Desiree, The Tall Men, Carousel, Homecoming, The High Chaparral, Swiss Family Robinson; died July 6, 1994)

1919 - Martin (Henry) Balsam (Academy Award-winning actor: A Thousand Clowns [1965]; All the President’s Men, Breakfast at Tiffany’s, The Carpetbaggers, Death Wish 3, Delta Force, The Goodbye People, Harlow, Little Big Man, Marjorie Morningstar, Murder on the Orient Express, Psycho, Tora! Tora! Tora!, Twelve Angry Men, All in the Family; died Feb 13, 1996)

1923 - Alfred Heineken (beer mogul: Heineken Brewery; died Jan 3, 2002)

1925 - Doris Roberts (Emmy Award-winning actress: St. Elsewhere [1983], Everybody Loves Raymond [2001, 2002, 2003, 2005]; Remington Steele, Maggie, Angie, National Lampoon’s Christmas Vacation, Ordinary Heroes, Used People; died Apr 17, 2016)

1930 - Dick (Richard Morrow) Groat (baseball: shortstop: Pittsburgh Pirates: [all-star: 1959, 1960, 1962/NL Batting Champ, Baseball Writers’ Award, Valuable Player, World Series: 1960]; SL Cardinals [all-star: 1963, 1964/World Series: 1964], Philadelphia Phillies, SF Giants; basketball: Ft. Wayne Pistons; sportscaster: WTAE, Pittsburgh: Panthers basketball [color])

1930 - Kate Reid (actress: Death of a Salesman, The Andromeda Strain, Atlantic City, Death Ship, Gavilan, Dallas; died Mar 27, 1993)

1933 - Tito (John Patsy) Francona (baseball: Baltimore Orioles, Chicago White Sox, Detroit Tigers, Cleveland Indians [all-star: 1961], SL Cardinals, Atlanta Braves, Philadelphia Phillies, Oakland Athletics, Milwaukee Brewers; died Feb 13, 2018)

1937 - Loretta Swit (Emmy Award-winning actress: M*A*S*H [1979-1980, 1981-1982]; TV host/narrator: Those Incredible Animals)

1938 - Harry Elston (musician: group: Friends of Distinction: Grazing in the Grass)

1940 - Delbert McClinton (songwriter, singer: I Received a Letter [w/Glen Clark], Sandy Beaches; musician: harmonica: Hey Baby [w/singer, Bruce Channel]; solo: Giving It Up for Your Love)

1941 - Walter Rock (football: Washington Redskins tackle: Super Bowl VII)

1946 - Robert Mapplethorpe (photographer: known for photographs of sadomasochistic rituals, nudes, portraits, still lifes; work on exhibit at Art Institute of Chicago, New York’s Metropolitan Museum and Museum of Modern Art, Paris’ Pompidou Center, London’s Victoria and Albert Museum; died Mar 9, 1989)

1947 - Mike Smith (musician: saxophone: groups: Judas Jump; Amen Corner: Gin House Blues, Bend Me Shape Me, [If Paradise Is] Half as Nice)

1950 - Markie Post (actress: Night Court, Hearts Afire, Fall Guy, The Gangster Chronicles)

1961 - Ralph Macchio (actor: Eight is Enough, Karate Kid series, Distant Thunder, My Cousin Vinny)

1966 - Kool Rock-Ski (Damon Wimbley) (rapper: group: Fat Boys)

1969 - Matthew McConaughey (actor: Angels in the Outfield, Amistad, The Newton Boys, U-571)

If you like TWtD you will love TWtD Deluxe.

Chart Toppers - November 4
Because of You - Tony Bennett
I Get Ideas - Tony Martin
Down Yonder - Del Wood
Slow Poke - Pee Wee King

Mack the Knife - Bobby Darin
Mr. Blue - The Fleetwoods
Put Your Head on My Shoulder - Paul Anka
The Three Bells - The Browns

To Sir with Love - Lulu
Soul Man - Sam & Dave
It Must Be Him - Vikki Carr
You Mean the World to Me - David Houston

Island Girl - Elton John
Lyin’ Eyes - The Eagles
They Just Can’t Stop It (Games People Play) - Spinners
(Turn Out the Lights And) Love Me Tonight - Don Williams

All Night Long (All Night) - Lionel Richie
One Thing Leads to Another - The Fixx
Telefone (Long Distance Love Affair) - Sheena Easton
Islands in the Stream - Kenny Rogers with Dolly Parton

Romantic - Karyn White
Cream - Prince & The N.P.G.
Can’t Stop This Thing We Started - Bryan Adams

Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...

Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440fun.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams

Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International

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