Events - March 14
1743 - The City of Boston conducted the first town meeting in Faneuil Hall. It became an idea that caught on quickly throughout New England.
1794 - Eli Whitney patented his cotton gin, making it possible to clean 50 pounds of cotton a day, compared to a pound a day before Whitney’s invention.
1812 - War Bonds were authorized by the United States government for the first time. We presume they were in support of the War of 1812.
1903 - President Teddy Roosevelt established the first nature refuge. It was a bird sanctuary at Pelican Island, Sebastian, Florida.
1923 - U.S. President Warren G. Harding became the first Chief Executive to pay taxes and account for his income. Harding’s tax bill amounted to nearly $18,000.
1936 - The U.S. government went into the magazine business on this day. There were no advertisements in the publication and very little artwork ... heavy on the text boxes. The publication is known today as "The Federal Register".
1937 - Fred Allen and Jack Benny met on radio in one of the biggest publicity gags ever. It was called, “The Battle of the Century.” The two comedians locked horns in the ballroom of the Hotel Pierre, exchanging torrid insults that were heard by the second largest audience in the history of radio. The ‘feud’, incidentally, lasted for the next 12 years! This was probably the longest-running publicity stunt in history, too!
1941 - Years before Desi Arnaz would make the song "Babalu" popular on the "I Love Lucy" TV show, Xavier Cugat and his orchestra recorded it with Miguelito Valdes doing the vocal. The song was on Columbia Records, as was the Arnaz version years later.
1945 - The heaviest bomb of World War II, the 22,000-pound ‘Grand Slam’, was dropped by the Royal Air Force’s Dambuster Squadron on the Bielefeld railway viaduct in Germany.
1950 - The F.B.I. released its first Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list. Over the next several years, the Bureau reported success in apprehending eighty-eight of ninety-eight listed fugitives. Thomas James Holden was first on the list.
1951 - United Nations forces recaptured Seoul in South Korea (now the Republic of Korea).
1958 - The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) certified the first gold record. It was Perry Como’s "Catch A Falling Star" on RCA Victor Records. The tune became the first to win million-seller certification. The next three gold records that were certified after Perry Como’s million seller were the 45 rpm recordings of "He’s Got the Whole World in His Hands" by Laurie London, "Patricia", an instrumental by the ‘Mambo King’, Perez Prado and "Hard Headed Woman" by Elvis Presley. The first gold album certification went to the soundtrack of the motion picture, "Oklahoma!" featuring Gordon MacRae.
1959 - Elvis Presley made the album charts, but no one would have known by the title of the disk. "For LP Fans Only" was the first LP ever issued without the artist’s name to be found anywhere on the cover -- front or back. On selected copies of the album, however, some record buyers who held the record up to their ears could plainly hear Elvis screaming, "Help! Get me outta here! It’s me, Elvis!" Not everyone. Just some record buyers...
1964 - A jury in Dallas, Texas found Jack Ruby guilty of murdering Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President John F. Kennedy. Millions of people saw Ruby shoot Oswald on live TV in 1963. (Ruby died of cancer awaiting a new trial.)
1968 - After three seasons on television, ABC-TV showed the last episode of "Batman", starring Adam West and Burt Ward as Robin. The first "Batman" episode was "Hi Diddle Riddle", shown on January 12, 1966. The pilot program for "Batman" cost $300,000 -- quite expensive by 1966 standards. Through the three seasons, the ‘Dynamic Duo’ welcomed these stars to the cast: Art Carney (The Archer), Tallulah Bankhead (Black Widow), Eartha Kitt (Catwoman), Julie Newmar (Catwoman), Liberace (Chandell), Vincent Price (Egghead), Cesar Romero (The Joker), Rudy Vallee (Lord Phogg), Milton Berle (Louie the Lilac), Shelley Winters (Ma Parker), David Wayne (The Mad Hatter), Zsa Zsa Gabor (Minerva), Van Johnson (The Minstrel), Otto Preminger (Mr. Freeze), Burgess Meredith (The Penguin), John Astin (The Riddler), Frank Gorshin (The Riddler), Cliff Robertson (Shame), Joan Collins (The Siren) and Anne Baxter (Zelda the Great). Finally, a partial list of official Bat-Noises: Aargh!, Clash!, Crunch!, Klonk!, Pow!, Splat!, Clunk! Eee-Yow! Ooof!, Powie! Swoosh!, Biff!, Conck! Ouch!, Qunkk!, Thunk! Boff! Crash!, Uggh!, Zam!, Zap! and others. Wow!
1969 - Less than one month after winning her first horse race, Barbara Jo Rubin became the first woman jockey to win at Aqueduct Race Course in New York. She rode Brave Galaxy to victory and into the winner’s circle.
1972 - The Cincinnati Royals announced plans to move the National Basketball Association franchise to Kansas City, MO. You may think that the Royals not only moved, but changed their sport ... to baseball. However, the Kansas City Royals baseball team was already in place, so the basketball team became the Kings.
1980 - 87 people, including a 14-man United States boxing team, died in an air crash in Warsaw. The Polish airliner crashed while making an emergency landing near Warsaw.
1985 - Bill Cosby captured four People’s Choice Awards for "The Cosby Show". The awards were earned from results of a nationwide Gallup Poll. Barbara Mandrell stunned the audience by announcing that she was pregnant while accepting her second award on the show. She talked about “the child here tonight in my tummy.” Bob Hope won the award as All-Time Entertainer beating Clint Eastwood and Frank Sinatra for the honor. Mr. Hope, however, did not announce that he was pregnant.
1990 - MCA bought independent label, Geffen Records. Geffen’s talent included Guns N’ Roses, Don Henley, Cher, Aerosmith and Whitesnake. Geffen’s sole owner, David Geffen, who had founded the company in 1980, received preferred shares in MCA worth around $600-million.
1994 - Apple Computer introduced the Power Macintosh. The machine featured a 60 MHz PowerPC 601 (60 MHz) processor, 8/16 MB of RAM, and a 160/250 MB hard drive in a compact, desktop case.
1997 - Surgeons at Bethesda Naval Medical Center repaired a painful torn tendon in President Clinton’s right knee. The injury was incurred in a freak middle-of-the-night stumble at the Florida home of golfer Greg Norman.
1999 - Former Miss Universe (1981) Irene Sáez was elected governor of Margarita Island, Venezuela.
2000 - Democrat Al Gore and Republican George W. Bush clinched their respective presidential nominations in a series of Southern contests, securing the delegates they needed for a November matchup. “It’s a choice between keeping prosperity going or going back to the Bush-Quayle days of gigantic budget deficits and paralyzed democracy,” Gore said. Bush said, “I’m honored. I'm humbled with the knowledge that I am a step closer to assuming the highest office in the land.”
2005 - Experts said poachers were killing between 6,000 and 12,000 elephants a year to supply illegal ivory markets in Sudan -- to meet growing Chinese demand. Most of the elephants were killed in southern Sudan, Congo and the Central African Republic, and some in Kenya and Chad.
2008 - Big problems at giant Bear Stearns. Its Federal Reserve bailout heightened fears that the global credit crunch was spreading. The Federal Reserve and JP Morgan Chase & Co. offered to extend loans for 28 days. The U.S. dollar hit a record low against the euro, closing at 1.567 per euro.
Birthdays - March 14
1833 - Lucy Hobbs Taylor, D.D.S. (1st woman to receive a degree in dentistry ; died Oct 3, 1910)
1854 - Paul Ehrlich (1908 Nobel Prize in Medicine; founded chemotherapy, discovered Salvarsan - a remedy for syphilis, developed antitoxin for diphtheria; died Aug 20, 1915)
1864 - (John Luther) Casey Jones (railroad engineer: subject of The Ballad of Casey Jones; killed in train crash Apr 30, 1900)
1879 - Albert Einstein (Nobel Prize-winning physicist : developed the Theory of Relativity; died Apr 18, 1955)
1912 - Les Brown (bandleader: Les Brown and His Band of Renown: Sentimental Journey, My Dreams are Getting Better All the Time; Leap Frog, I’ve Got My Love to Keep Me Warm; died Jan 4, 2001)
1918 - Dennis Patrick (actor: The Time Travelers, Choices, The Air Up There; killed in house fire Oct 13, 2002)
1919 - Max Shulman (novelist, playwright: Strictly for Laughs, The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, I Was A Teenage Dwarf, The Tender Trap, Rally Round The Flag Boys; died Aug 28, 1988)
1920 - Hank Ketcham (cartoonist: Dennis the Menace; died June 1, 2001)
1926 - Phil Phillips (Baptiste) (singer: Sea of Love)
1927 - Bill Rexford (auto racer: NASCAR Winston Cup Champion [1950 at age 23]; died Apr 18, 1994)
1928 - Frank (Frederick) Borman II (Apollo astronaut, president of Eastern Airlines)
1929 - Bob Goalby (golf: PGA champ: Greater Greensboro Open , Coral Gables Open Invitational , LA Open, St. Petersburg Open Invitational , Insurance City Open Invitational, Denver Open Invitational , San Diego Open Invitational , Masters , Robinson Open Golf Classic , Heritage Golf Classic , Bahamas National Open Championship ; Senior PGA champ: Marlboro Classic , Peter Jackson Champions )
1933 - Michael Caine (Maurice Micklewhite) (Academy Award-winning actor: Hannah and Her Sisters ; Sleuth, The Ipcress File, Alfie, Educating Rita, California Suite, Jack the Ripper, On Deadly Ground)
1933 - Quincy Jones (composer: film scores, TV show themes; bandleader; record producer; arranger; 25 Grammys, Grammy’s Trustees Award , Grammy’s Legends Award ; Musical Director for Mercury Records, then VP; established Qwest Records)
1934 - Eugene (Andrew) Cernan (astronaut: pilot: Gemini 9 [June, 1966]; crew member: Apollo 17 [Dec, 1972] moon landing, spent three days exploring lunar surface [w/astronaut Harrison Schmitt], Cernan quote before departing for Earth, “As we leave the moon at Taurus-Littrow, we leave as we came and, God willing, as we shall return, with peace and hope for all mankind. God speed the crew of Apollo 17.”; died Jan 16, 2017)
1934 - Shirley Scott (swinging, blues-oriented organist: recorded mostly with former husband Stanley Turrentine [they were married from 1961 to 1971]; died Mar 10, 2002)
1936 - Bob Charles (golf champ: British Open Champion from New Zealand )
1942 - Rita Tushingham (actress: Dr. Zhivago, A Taste of Honey, Trap)
1944 - Clyde Lee (basketball: Vanderbilt Univ [rebounds: 1,223: 1964-1966]; NBA: SF Warriors [rebounds: 7626: 1966-1967, 1975-1976])
1945 - Walter Parazaider (musician: reeds: group: Chicago: If You Leave Me Now, 25 or 6 To 4, Does Anybody Really Know What Time It Is?, You’re the Inspiration, Hard to Say I’m Sorry)
1946 - Wes Unseld (basketball: NBA MVP: Baltimore Bullets )
1948 - Billy Crystal (Emmy Award for Best Individual Performance and Writer in a Variety or Music Program: 63rd Annual Oscars ; Emmy Award-winning Writer for a Variety or Music Program: Midnight Train to Moscow , 64th Annual Oscars ; actor: City Slickers, Throw Mama from the Train, Soap, When Harry Met Sally)
1955 - Boon Gould (musician: guitar: group: Level 42: The Chinese Way, The Sun Goes Down [Living It Up], Hot Water)
1960 - Kirby Puckett (Baseball Hall of Famer [center field]: Bradley Univ; Minnesota Twins: World Series Championships: 1987, 1991; died March 6, 2006; died March 6, 2006)
1968 - Megan Follows (actress: The Chase, Anne of Green Gables, Hockey Night, Second Chances, Domestic Life, The Baxters)
1974 - Grace Park (actress: Hawaii Five-0, Battlestar Galactica, Edgemont, The Plan, Run Rabbit Run, Human Cargo, Jinnah: On Crime - White Knight, Black Widow, Romeo Must Die)
1979 - James Jordan (actor: Veronica Mars, Without a Trace, Seraphim Falls, Just Legal, Cold Case, Close to Home, CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, True Blood)
1983 - Taylor Hanson (musician: keyboards, percussion; singer: groups: Hanson, Tinted Windows)
1985 - Eva Angelina (actress [2003-2012]: X-rated films: I Know You’re Watching 4, Crazy in the Head, Crazy in the Bed, Ghouls Gone Wild, Operation: Desert Stormy, Busty Babysitters)
1986 - Jamie Bell (actor: The Adventures of Tintin, Billy Elliot, King Kong , Jumper, Nicholas Nickleby)
Chart Toppers - March 14
Accentuate the Positive - Johnny Mercer
Saturday Night - Frank Sinatra
A Little on the Lonely Side - The Guy Lombardo Orchestra
(vocal: Jimmy Brown)
I’m Losing My Mind Over You - Al Dexter
Till I Waltz Again with You - Teresa Brewer
Don’t Let the Stars Get in Your Eyes - Perry Como
Doggie in the Window - Patti Page
Kaw-Liga - Hank Williams
Pony Time - Chubby Checker
Surrender - Elvis Presley
Where the Boys Are - Connie Francis
Don’t Worry - Marty Robbins
Everyday People - Sly & The Family Stone
Proud Mary - Creedence Clearwater Revival
Dizzy - Tommy Roe
Only the Lonely - Sonny James
Love Theme from "A Star is Born" (Evergreen) - Barbra Streisand
Fly like an Eagle - Steve Miller
I Like Dreamin’ - Kenny Nolan
She’s Just an Old Love Turned Memory - Charley Pride
Can’t Fight This Feeling - REO Speedwagon
The Heat is On - Glenn Frey
Material Girl - Madonna
My Only Love - The Statler Brothers
Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...
Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams
Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International
No portion of these files may be reproduced without the express, written permission of 440 International Inc.