440 International Those Were the Days
March 11

Events - March 11
1791 - Samuel Mulliken of Philadelphia, PA became the first person to receive more than one patent from the U.S. Patent Office. Four patents were issued for his machines: (1) to thresh corn and grain, (2) to break and swingle hemp, (3) to cut polished marble, and (4) to raise the nap on cloths.

1879 - The Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association -- actually its forerunner, the U.S. Amateur Lacrosse Association -- was formed in Princeton, NJ.

1888 - A blizzard started to roar along the Atlantic Seaboard of the U.S., shutting down communication and transportation lines. The white stuff continued to fall for three days in the “Great Blizzard of 1888.”

1900 - Happy Hooligan debuted. The comic strip ran successfully thru 1932.

1927 - Samuel Roxy Rothafel opened the famous Roxy Theatre in New York City. The showplace was indeed a palace. It cost $10,000,000 to build and held 6,200 theatregoers. The Roxy truly was part of the ‘golden age of the movie palace’. The screen was 18-feet by 22-feet. The first feature shown at the Roxy was "The Loves of Sunya", starring Gloria Swanson and John Boles.

1930 - Former President and U.S. Chief Justice William Howard Taft was the first president to be buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Virginia, The portly president weighed more than 300 pounds at the time of his death.

1935 - Hermann Goering officially created the Luftwaffe, the German Air Force.

1942 - Vaughn Monroe and his orchestra recorded the classic, "Sleepy Lagoon". It was the last song Monroe would record for Bluebird Records. Vaughn sang on the track while Ray Conniff played trombone. Both later moved to different record companies. Monroe went with RCA and Conniff to Columbia. The big-voiced baritone of Monroe was regularly heard on radio and he was featured in several movies in the 1950s. He died in May 1973. "Racing With the Moon" and "Ghost Riders in the Sky" were two of his greatest contributions to popular music.

1948 - Reginald Weir of New York City became the first black tennis player to participate in a U.S. Indoor Lawn Tennis Association tournament.

1956 - Sir Laurence Olivier starred in the three-hour afternoon NBC-TV special, "Richard III". The network reportedly paid $500,000 for the rights to the program. A writer named William Shakespeare was responsible for "Richard III".

1958 - An American B-47 bomber accidentally dropped an unarmed atom bomb on a farm near a Florence, South Carolina. The bomb’s conventional explosives exploded, injured six people, leveling a farm house, and blasting a thirty-five-foot-deep crater.

1960 - The Pioneer 5 spacecraft was launched into an orbit between Earth and Venus.

1964 - Senator Carl Hayden broke the record for continuous service in the U.S. Senate. He completed 37 years and seven days in the upper chamber serving the people of Arizona.

1967 - The World Cup skiing title was earned by Jean-Claude Killy of France.

1968 - Otis Redding posthumously received a gold record for the single, "(Sittin’ on) The Dock of the Bay". Redding was killed in a plane crash in Lake Monona in Madison, WI on December 10, 1967. The song was recorded just three days before his untimely death. He recorded 11 charted hit songs between 1965 and 1969. Otis Redding was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1989.

1971 - Television networks ABC, NBC and CBS were told by the Federal Communications Commission that a limited three-hour nightly program service -- or ‘prime time’ -- would begin in September. The network programs were to be slotted between 8 and 11 p.m. on the East and West coasts -- an hour earlier in the Central and Mountain time zones.

1978 - Bobby Hull of the Winnipeg Jets joined Gordie Howe by getting career goal number 1,000 in a game against the Quebec Nordiques.

1985 - DJs around the U.S. began questioning listeners to see which ones could name the 46 pop music stars who appeared on the hit, "We Are the World". The song, airing first on this day as a single, contains a “Who’s Who” of contemporary pop music.

1986 - Popsicle announced its plan to end the traditional twin-stick frozen treat for a flatter, one-stick model.

1988 - Gary Hart withdrew from the race for the 1988 Democratic presidential nomination.

1993 - Janet Reno was unanimously confirmed by the Senate to be the first female U.S. attorney general.

1997 - Paul McCartney was knighted by the Queen in a ceremony at Buckingham Palace. Hundreds of fans, some wearing T-shirts that read “Arise Sir Paul,” cheered his arrival and stayed outside the palace until he emerged.

2000 - Eighty miners died in an explosion at the Barakova mine in eastern Ukraine, in the country’s worst mine disaster for at least two decades.

2004 - In Madrid, Spain, a series of bombs hidden in backpacks exploded in quick succession at train three stations. The blasts blew apart four commuter trains, killing some 200 people and wounding over 1,450. Spanish leaders accused Basque terrorists but a shadowy group claimed responsibility in the name of al Qaeda.

2008 - The U.S. Federal Reserve and other central banks announced an infusion of $200 billion into the financial markets to help ease the strain from the credit crisis. Wall Street rebounded with its biggest rally since 2002 at the DJIA rose 416.66 to 12,156.81 -- while gas prices rose to a record $3.2272 per gallon.

2008 - The San Francisco Board of Supervisors passed a law requiring chain restaurants to post nutrition information on their menus.

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Birthdays - March 11
1544 - Torquato Tasso (Italian poet: Jerusalem Delivered [Conquered]; died Apr 25, 1595)

1885 - Sir Malcolm Campbell (auto racer: first to travel 300 mph in a car [301.13 mph: Sep 3, 1935 at Bonneville Salt Flats]; died Dec 31, 1948)

1903 - Lawrence Welk (bandleader: Calcutta, Tonight You Belong to Me, Weary Blues, Moritat; TV: The Lawrence Welk Show; developer: senior citizen retreat near San Diego, The Lawrence Welk Theater; died May 17, 1992)

1916 - (James) Harold Wilson (British Prime Minister [1964-1970, 1974-1976]; politician: head of British Labor party; died May 24, 1995)

1919 - Mercer Ellington (songwriter: Blue Serge, Things Ain’t What They Used to Be; owned Mercer record label; bandleader: only son of Duke Ellington: led the Duke’s band after he died and for musical Sophisticated Ladies; died Feb 8, 1996)

1923 - A. Louise Brough (tennis champion: U.S. Open [1947], Australian Open [1950], Wimbledon [1948, 1949, 1950, 1955]; died Feb 03, 2014)

1927 - Vince Boryla (basketball: U.S. Gold Medal Men’s Teams [1948: London]; NBA: NY Knicks; coach: NY Knicks [1956-1958]; died Mar 27, 2016)

1928 - Valerie French (Harrison) (actress: Jubal, The 27th Day; died Nov 3, 1990)

1930 - Troy Ruttman (auto racer: youngest winner of Indianapolis 500 [1952]; died May 19, 1997)

1932 - Leroy Jenkins (violinist: groups: Creative Construction Company, Revolutionary Ensemble; composer: Mother of Three Sons, Fresh Faust, The Negro Burial Ground; died Feb 24, 2007)

1934 - Sam Donaldson (TV newsman: ABC White House correspondent; host: Primetime Live)

1935 - Nancy Kovack (actress: Diary of a Madman, Frankie and Johnny)

1936 - Antonin Scalia (U.S. Supreme Court: Associate Justice; died Feb 13, 2016)

1943 - Bob Plager (hockey: NHL: NY Rangers, SL Blues)

1944 - Ric Rothwell (musician: drums: group: Wayne Fontana & The Mindbenders: Game of Love)

1945 - Dock (Phillip) Ellis (baseball [pitcher]: Pittsburgh Pirates [World Series/all-star: 1971], New NY Yankees [World Series: 1976], Oakland Athletics, Texas Rangers, NY Mets; died Dec 19, 2008)

1946 - Jim Niekamp (hockey: NHL: Detroit Red Wings)

1947 - Mark Stein (musician: organ, singer: groups: Vanilla Fudge: Take Me for a Little While; Boomerang)

1947 - Blue (Derek) Weaver (musician: keyboards: group: Amen Corner: Gin House Blues, Bend Me Shape Me, [If Paradise Is] Half As Nice, Natural Sinner; Bee Gees, Strawbs)

1948 - Jim McMillian (basketball: Columbia Univ., LA Lakers)

1948 - Cesar (Francisco Zorrilla) Geronimo (baseball: Houston Astros, Cincinnati Reds [World Series: 1972, 1975, 1976], KC Royals)

1948 - Dominique Sanda (Dominique Varaigne) (actress: Joseph, 1900, The Garden of the Finzi-Continis, The Conformist, A Gentle Woman)

1950 - Windlan Hall (football: Minnesota Vikings safety: Super Bowl XI)

1950 - Bobby McFerrin (pianist, jazz musician, songwriter, singer: improvisational solo: all voices and imitates instruments)

1952 - Douglas Adams (author: The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy; died May 11, 2001)

1952 - Rod Derline (‘The Rifle’: basketball: Seattle Supersonics)

1952 - Susan Richardson (actress: Eight is Enough)

1955 - Jimmy Fortune (singer: group: Statler Brothers: LPs: Today, Atlanta Blue, Pardners in Rhyme, Four for the Show, Radio Gospel Favorites, Maple Street Memories)

1959 - Nina Hartley (actress [1984-2012]: X-rated films: Looking for Lust in All the Right Places, The House of Blue Dreams, Outrageous Orgies 5, Debbie Does Wall Street, Syrens of Sex, Debbie Duz Dishes Again, It’s Okay! She’s My Mother in Law 5)

1961 - Bruce Watson (musician: guitar: group: Big Country: Harvest Home, Fields of Fire, In a Big Country, Chance, Wonderland, East of Eden, Where the Rose is Sown)

1965 - Wallace Langham (actor: CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, Curb Your Enthusiasm, Medium, I Want Someone to Eat Cheese With, Little Miss Sunshine, The Great Buck Howard, Growing Op, The Social Network, Hitchcock)

1966 - Lisa Loeb (singer: group: Lisa Loeb & Nine Stories: Stay (I Missed You); actress: House on Haunted Hill, Serial Killing 4 Dummys; more)

1972 - Salomón Torres (baseball [pitcher]: San Francisco Giants, Seattle Mariners, Milwaukee Brewers, Montreal Expos, Pittsburgh Pirates)

1977 - Michal Handzus (hockey [center]: NHL: St. Louis Blues, Phoenix Coyotes, Philadelphia Flyers, Los Angeles Kings, San Jose Sharks, Chicago Blackhawks: 2013 Stanley Cup champs)

1981 - David Anders (actor: Alias, The Vampire Diaries, Once Upon a Time, Necessary Roughness, Hell’s Kitchen)

1986 - Amanda Weir (U.S. world-class, Olympic swimmer: silver medal in 4x100 medley [2004]; more)

1989 - Anton Yelchin (actor: Along Came a Spider, Hearts in Atlantis, Huff, House of D, Star Trek [2009], Terminator Salvation, The Smurfs, Fright Night, Like Crazy, Star Trek Into Darkness; died Jun 19, 2016)

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Chart Toppers - March 11
Music, Music, Music - Teresa Brewer
I Said My Pajamas - Tony Martin & Fran Warren
Dear Hearts and Gentle People - Bing Crosby
Chatanoogie Shoe Shine Boy - Red Foley

Don’t/I Beg of You - Elvis Presley
Sweet Little Sixteen - Chuck Berry
Lollipop - The Chordettes
Ballad of a Teenage Queen - Johnny Cash

The Ballad of the Green Berets - SSgt Barry Sadler
Listen People - Herman’s Hermits
California Dreamin’ - The Mamas & The Papas
Waitin’ in Your Welfare Line - Buck Owens

Seasons in the Sun - Terry Jacks
Boogie Down - Eddie Kendricks
Jungle Boogie - Kool & The Gang
There Won’t Be Anymore - Charlie Rich

Centerfold - The J. Geils Band
Open Arms - Journey
I Love Rock ’N Roll - Joan Jett & The Blackhearts
You’re the Best Break This Old Heart Ever Had - Ed Bruce

Escapade - Janet Jackson
Dangerous - Roxette
Roam - The B-52’s
Chains - Patty Loveless

Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...

Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440fun.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams

Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International

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