440 International Those Were the Days
March 1

Events - March 1
1803 - Ohio (17th state) entered the United States of America. The Buckeye State (nicknamed because of the many buckeye trees, the state tree) with Columbus as its capital city seems to have a penchant for the color red. Its state bird is the cardinal; the scarlet carnation is its flower; the state insect is the ladybug; and the state drink is tomato juice. The state song is "Beautiful Ohio", the word, Ohio, is derived from the Iroquois Indian word meaning ‘great river’. The Ohio River is not as great as the Mississippi, but it is pretty big! Ohio’s state motto: With God, all things are possible. So, maybe it is great!

1826 - J.H. Hackett of New York debuted in "Love in a Village" at the Park Theatre in New York City. One month later, he played in London, England, becoming the first American actor to appear abroad.

1867 - The Cornhusker State, aka the Beef State, aka the Tree Planter State, aka Nebraska (37th state), entered the United States of America. Nebraska means ‘flat water’ in Oto Indian speak. Lincoln is the official seat of Nebraska government. Nebraska’s motto: Equality before the law. The western meadowlark holds the honor of being the state bird; while the goldenrod takes its place as the state flower. Other state symbols include the cottonwood tree (state tree); the honeybee (state insect); blue agate (state gemstone); whitetail deer (state mammal); mammoth (state fossil); prairie agate (state rock); "Beautiful Nebraska" (state song) ... that’s original ... and, the state soil: typic arguistolls, Holrege Series. State soil?

1869 - Postage stamps depicting scenes were issued for the first time in the U.S.

1873 - E. Remington and Sons of Ilion, NY began the manufacturing of the first practical typewriter. The strong as steel, heavy black clunkers became instant fixtures in offices across the country. It would be another half-century before electric typewriters made their appearance.

1890 - Readers picked up copies of the "Literary Digest" for the first time.

1912 - Captain Albert Berry of the Jefferson Barracks in St. Louis, MO made the first parachute jump from a moving airplane. He jumped from an altitude of 1,500 feet at a speed of 50 mph.

1928 - Paul Whiteman and his orchestra recorded "Ol’ Man River" for Victor Records. The featured vocalist on the track was 29-year-old Paul Robeson. The song became an American classic.

1932 - Radio’s greatest effort of on-the-spot news coverage began as NBC and CBS radio rushed to Hopewell, NJ to cover the kidnapping of the Charles and Anne Lindbergh baby.

1937 - U.S. Steel raised workers’ wages. If you were a steelworker, you got a raise to $5 a day. That’s right. About 40 cents an hour. Now, punch that time clock and quit your complaining.

1941 - "Duffy’s Tavern" debuted on CBS radio -- and became a popular hit for 10 years.

1941 - FM Radio began in the U.S. when station W47NV in Nashville, TN started operations on this day. W47NV was the first commercial FM radio station to receive a license, some 20 years after its AM radio counterpart, KDKA in Pittsburgh. For those of you who don’t remember, FM stands for ‘frequency modulation’ as opposed to ‘amplitude modulation’.

1949 - ‘The Brown Bomber’, Joe Louis, announced that he was retiring from boxing as world heavyweight boxing champion. Louis held the title longer than any other champ -- 11 years, eight months and seven days.

1954 - The U.S. exploded a 15 megaton hydrogen bomb in a test at Bikini Atoll in the Pacific.

1961 - The Peace Corps was established by an executive order signed by President John F. Kennedy for U.S. volunteers for service in developing countries. The Peace Corps was formally established Sep 22, 1961.

1968 - Country music stars Johnny Cash and June Carter got married on this day. Johnny walked down the aisle knowing that his 1956 hit, "Folsom Prison Blues", was about to be redone for a June release. Cash has a daughter, Rosanne, (previous marriage) who became a country star in her own right in the 1980s.

1968 - Elton John’s first record, "I’ve Been Loving You", was released by Philips Records in England. Philips, not realizing the potential of the soon-to-be superstar, released him in 1969, just prior to his teaming with lyricist Bernie Taupin. Elton then signed a contract with Uni Records and began to turn out what would become a string of more than 50 hits over the next 25 years.

1969 - Mickey Mantle announced his retirement from baseball on this day. ‘Number 7’ was considered to be the final link to the great Yankee dynasty of the 1950s and 1960s. Mantle’s World Series records include: home runs (18), runs scored (42), RBIs (40), walks (43) and strikeouts (54). Mickey Mantle died in 1995.

1972 - California Governor Ronald Reagan pardoned Merle Haggard. The country singer had served time in San Quentin Prison in the late 1950s for attempted burglary.

1977 - Bank of America adopted the name VISA for their credit card division replacing the old BankAmericard.

1985 - A Beatles song was used for the first time in a U.S. TV commercial. The rights for Lincoln-Mercury to use the song, "HELP!", cost $100,000, helping boost the fortunes of the automaker known as Ford Motor Company.

1986 - Mr. Mister’s "Kyrie" rose to #1 on in the U.S. The single was a track from the album "Welcome to the Real World", which became the #1 album in the U.S. this day.

1987 - The Boston Celtics defeated Detroit 112-102 to post win number 2,235.

1987 - S&H Green Stamps became S&H Green Seals on this day, 90 years after the lick-and-stick stamps were introduced as a way for businesses to bonus their customers -- who then used the stamps to buy merchandise from catalog stores. The stamps became peel-and-seal stamps along with the name change.

1996 - "Up Close & Personal" opened in U.S. theatres. The romantic drama stars Robert Redford, Michelle Pfeiffer, Stockard Channing and Joe Mantegna. A song from the flick, "Because You Loved Me", was nominated for Best Music and Song at the 1997 Academy Awards.

1999 - Some 130 nations agreed to a United Nations Treaty banning land mines which went into effect this day. The U.S., Russia and China did not sign the treaty.

2006 - British police charged three suspects in the $92-million robbery at a cash depot in southeastern England. The robbery was the world’s largest peacetime theft. The accused were all Britons.

2007 - NASA reported that the Cassini spacecraft had snapped never-before-seen images of Saturn showing the planet from perspectives above and below its ring system.

2008 - Thousands of pro-hunting demonstrators in Spain thronged a boulevard in central Madrid to protest a law restricting the use of lead shot.

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Birthdays - March 1
1837 - William Dean Howells (author: Life of Lincoln, A Modern Instance, The Rise of Silas Lapham; U.S. consul to Italy; editor: Atlantic Monthly; columnist: Harper’s Monthly; died May 11, 1920)

1904 - Glenn Miller (bandleader: Moonlight Serenade, In the Mood, Little Brown Jug, Chattanooga Choo-Choo, String of Pearls, Tuxedo Junction, Perfidia; led WWII U.S. Army Air Force Band; presumed dead after his plane disappeared over the English Channel Dec 15, 1944)

1910 - (James) David (Graham) Niven (Academy Award-winning actor: Separate Tables [1958]; The Moon is Blue, Paper Tiger, The Pink Panther, The Guns of Navarone, Around the World in 80 Days, Casino Royale; died July 29, 1983)

1914 - Harry (Christopher) Caray (Carabina) (Ford Frick Award-winning sportscaster: SL Cardinals, Oakland Athletics, Chicago White Sox, Chicago Cubs; “Holy Cow!”; died Feb 18, 1998)

1914 - Ralph Waldo Ellison (author: Invisible Man; essayist: Shadow and Act, Going to the Territory; died Apr 16, 1994)

1917 - Robert Lowell (Pulitzer Prize-winning poet: Lord Weary’s Castle [1947], The Dolphin [1974]; National Book Award for Poetry [1960]; died Sep 12, 1977)

1922 - Michael Flanders (songwriter, comedian: duo: Flanders and [Donald] Swann: made humorous mockery of English and American failings; Flanders quote, “Always remember that if it hadn’t been for the English, you’d all be Spanish.”; died Apr 15, 1975)

1922 - William Gaines (publisher: Mad magazine; died June 2, 1992)

1924 - Deke (Donald) Slayton (astronaut: Apollo Mission, July 1975; chief of flight operations at Johnson Space Center; died June 13, 1993)

1926 - Robert Clary (Widerman) (actor: Hogan’s Heroes, Holocaust Survivors/Remembrance of Love)

1926 - Pete (Alvin) Rozelle (football: LA Rams GM, NFL commissioner; died Dec 6, 1996)

1927 - Harry Belafonte (singer: The Banana Boat Song, Jamaica Farewell, Mary’s Boy Child; actor: Island in the Sun, Buck and the Preacher; UNICEF goodwill ambassador; Shari’s father)

1930 - Benny Powell (jazz musician: trombone: Ernie Fields band, Lionel Hapton; Count Basie veteran [1951-1963]; died Jun 26, 2010)

1935 - Robert Conrad (Konrad Robert Falkowski) (actor: The Wild Wild West, High Mountain Rangers [w/sons Christian & Shane], Crossfire, Lady in Red, Samurai Cowboy, Jingle All the Way)

1944 - Roger Daltrey (singer: group: The Who: Pinball Wizard, Won’t Get Fooled Again; solo: Without Your Love, Giving It All Away; actor: Tommy, Lisztomania, The Legacy and McVicar)

1945 - Dirk Benedict (actor: The A-Team, Chopper One, Battlestar Galactica, Alaska, Blue Tornado, W, Georgia, Georgia)

1947 - Alan Thicke (actor: Hope & Gloria, Growing Pains, Not Quite Human series; TV host: Thicke of the Night, Animal Crack-Ups; died Dec 13, 2016)

1952 - Brian Winters (basketball: LA Lakers, Milwaukee Bucks [all-star: 1975, 1976/his number 32 retired by Bucks: October 1983]; assistant coach: Princeton Univ., Cleveland Cavaliers, Atlanta Hawks, Vancouver Grizzlies, Denver Nuggets)

1954 - Catherine Bach (actress: The Dukes of Hazzard, African Skies, Rage and Horror, Street Justice, Driving Force, Cannonball Run 2, Nicole)

1954 - Ron Howard (Emmy Award-winning producer: From the Earth to the Moon [1998]; actor: The Andy Griffith Show, Happy Days, American Graffiti; director: Night Shift, Splash, Cocoon, Backdraft, Apollo 13)

1956 - Timothy Daly (actor: Diner, Wings, Storm of the Century, The Fugitive [2000])

1966 - Don Lemon (CNN TV news journalist: CNN Newsroom)

1967 - George Eads (actor: MacGyver [2016]; CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, Grapevine, The Spring, Crowned and Dangerous, The Ultimate Lie, Dust to Dust)

1969 - Javier Bardem (Academy Award-winning supporting actor: No Country for Old Men [2007]; Jamón, jamón, Carne trémula, Boca a boca, Los Lunes al sol, Mar adentro)

1976 - Ramón Castro (baseball [catcher]: Chicago White Sox, Florida Marlins, New York Mets)

1977 - Emily Holmes (actress: Prisoners of the Sun, The Wicker Man, Snakes on a Plane, Into the West, The Goodbye Girl, Paycheck, The Secret Life of Zoey)

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Chart Toppers - March 1
Now is the Hour - Bing Crosby
I’m Looking Over a Four Leaf Clover - The Art Moonie Orchestra
Ballerina - Vaughn Monroe
I’ll Hold You in My Heart (Till I Can Hold You in My Arms) - Eddy Arnold

Lisbon Antigua - Nelson Riddle
The Poor People of Paris - Les Baxter
Why Do Fools Fall in Love - Frankie Lymon & The Teenagers
I Forgot to Remember to Forget - Elvis Presley

I Want to Hold Your Hand - The Beatles
She Loves You - The Beatles
Dawn (Go Away) - The Four Seasons
Begging to You - Marty Robbins

Without You - Nilsson
Hurting Each Other - Carpenters
Precious and Few - Climax
It’s Four in the Morning - Faron Young

Crazy Little Thing Called Love - Queen
Yes, I’m Ready - Teri DeSario with K.C.
Longer - Dan Fogelberg
I Ain’t Living Long like This - Waylon Jennings

Father Figure - George Michael
What Have I Done to Deserve This? - Pet Shop Boys & Dusty Springfield
She’s like the Wind - Patrick Swayze featuring Wendy Fraser
I Won’t Take Less Than Your Love - Tanya Tucker

Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...

Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440fun.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams

Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International

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