440 International Those Were the Days
June 21

Events - June 21
1788 - The colony of New Hampshire became the ninth state to enter the United States of America. It had been a long time coming. For 38 years, the fishing colony, first settled in 1623, and named in 1630 by Captain John Mason after his Hampshire, England home, was a part of the Massachusetts colony. Then, in 1679 it became a separate royal colony. Concord, the capital of the Granite State, was also central to much of the Revolutionary War. The official state bird is the purple finch, and has a matching state flower, the purple lilac.

1834 - Cyrus McCormick patented the first practical reaper for farming.

1853 - The envelope folding machine was patented by Dr. Russell L. Hawes of Worcester, MA.

1859 - Andrew Lanergan of Boston, MA received the first rocket patent. Did the receipt of this patent make Mr. Lanergan of Boston the first rocket scientist?

1913 - Georgia Broadwick became the first woman to jump from an airplane -- over Los Angeles, CA. Fortunately for her, Georgia made the leap with a parachute securely fastened to her person...

1940 - Richard M. Nixon married Thelma Catherine ‘Pat’ Ryan this day.

1941 - Wayne King and his orchestra recorded "Time Was", with Buddy Clark providing the vocal accompaniment, for Victor Records.

1942 - Ben Hogan recorded the lowest score (to that time) in a major golf tournament. Hogan shot a 271 for 72 holes in Chicago, IL.

1948 - For those of us who have a garage full of those 12-inch round, black disks protected by flimsy cardboard covers, this note: Columbia Records announced that it was offering a new Vinylite long-playing record that could hold 23 minutes of music on each side. One of the first LPs produced was of the original cast of the Broadway show, "South Pacific". Critics quickly scoffed at the notion of LPs, since those heavy, breakable, 78 RPM, 10-inch disks with one song on each side, were selling at an all-time high. It didn’t take very long though, for the 33-1/3 RPM album -- and its 7-inch, 45 RPM cousin to revolutionize the music industry and the record buying habits of millions.

1954 - NBC radio presented the final broadcast of "The Railroad Hour", hosted by Gordon MacRae. The program had been on the air for almost six years.

1958 - "Splish Splash", Bobby Darin’s first million-seller, was released by Atco Records. The song, written by Darin and Jean Murray, was Atco single #6117, recorded Apr 10, 1958.

1964 - Jim Bunning (later to become a U.S. Senator from Kentucky), a pitcher for the Philadelphia Phillies, threw the first perfect game in the National League in 84 years, leading the Phils to a 6-0 win over the New York Mets. Bunning worked his magic in the first game of a Father’s Day doubleheader. Byrum Saam called the play-by-play on radio. In the second game of the twin-bill, 18-year-old Rick Wise won his first major-league game, 8-2, as the Phillies swept the Mets that summer day. (Bunning was also the first hurler in 61 years to get a no-hitter in both leagues.)

1965 - Gary Player won the U.S. Open golf tournament to become only the fourth winner to earn all four top pro golf titles. Player from South Africa was the first non-American to achieve the feat. The Grand Slam of golf, incidentally, includes the U.S. Open, the British Open, the Masters and the PGA Championship. The other professional golfers who have won all four events are Ben Hogan, Jack Nicklaus, and Gene Sarazen.

1970 - Tony Jacklin was the second British golfer in 50 years to win the U.S. Open golf tournament.

1972 - Billy Preston received a gold record for the instrumental hit, "Outa-Space". Preston, who played for gospel singer Mahalia Jackson, back in 1956, was also in the film "St. Louis Blues" as a piano player. He was a regular on the "Shindig" TV show in the 1960s; and recorded with The Beatles on the hits "Get Back" and "Let It Be". Preston also performed at "The Concert for Bangladesh" in 1969. Many well-known artists utilized his keyboard talents, including Sly & The Family Stone and the Rolling Stones.

1985 - Ray Miller replaced Billy Gardner as manager of the Minnesota Twins. Miller became the fourth new manager to unpack his suitcase in the American League since the season started, two months previous.

1985 - Ron Howard directed his first music video. The TV star of "The Andy Griffith Show" and "Happy Days" also directed the film "Cocoon", which included "Gravity", the song used in the video. Michael Sembello, a guitarist who played on Stevie Wonder’s hits between 1974 and 1979 was responsible for "Gravity".

1989 - The U.S. Supreme Court in "Texas v. Johnson" ruled that burning the American flag as a political protest is protected by the First Amendment. In 1984, on Dallas City Hall property, Gregory Lee Johnson burned an American flag to protest Reagan administration policies. He was tried and convicted (one year in jail and $2,000 fine) under a Texas law outlawing flag desecration. The Texas Court of Criminal Appeals had reversed the conviction and the state then appealed to the Supreme Court, which ruled 5-to-4 against the Texas law.

1992 - Tom Kite beat fought fellow golfers and the elements as he won the U.S. Open. Scoring records had given way to survival at Pebble Beach, California. Howling winds made the greens as hard as concrete. Kite's final-round even-par score of 72 was enough to give him a two-stroke victory over Jeff Sluman.

1995 - Microsoft and Netscape officials met at Netscape headquarters in Mountain View, Calif. Notes taken by Netscape co-founder Marc Andreessen indicate that Microsoft offered to buy a share of its rival if Netscape would stop making Navigator for the Windows market. The Andreessen notes would be used later in the U.S. government’s massive antitrust case against Microsoft Corp. (Microsoft founder Bill Gates was painted as the master string-puller in a no-holds-barred plan to destroy Netscape Communications Corp. when it refused to collaborate on a plot to divide the market for Internet browser software.)

1997 - The New York Liberty defeated the Los Angeles Sparks, 67-57, in the innaugural WNBA game before a sold-out crowd of 14,284 fans at the Great Western Forum. In other opening-day action: The Houston Comets beat Cleveland, 76-56, and the Sacramento Monarchs beat the Utah Starzz, 70-60. We’ll be right back with the weather...

1999 - Prince William, the ‘people’s prince’, turned 17. Princess Diana’s handsome eldest son was given a VW Golf by his dad, Prince Charles. This was the second birthday William had spent without his mother, who was killed in a car crash in August 1997.

2000 - 22 Asian-American veterans received the Medal of Honor for bravery on the battlefield. The ceremony was held at the White House on this day, some 55 years after World War II ended.

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Birthdays - June 21
1859 - Henry Tanner (artist: one of the first black artists to be exhibited in galleries throughout the U.S.: The Banjo Lesson; died May 25, 1937)

1903 - Al Hirschfeld (caricaturist: hid name of his daughter, Nina, in each of his drawings; died Jan 20, 2003)

1905 - Jean-Paul Sartre (philosopher, writer: Being and Nothingness; playwright: No Exit, The Flies, The Age of Reason; rejected Nobel Prize for literature [1964]; died Apr 15, 1980)

1906 - Randy (Randolph Edward) Moore (baseball: Chicago White Sox, Boston Braves, Brooklyn Dodgers, SL Cardinals; died June 12, 1992)

1918 - Ed (Edmund Walter) Lopat (Lopatynski) (baseball: pitcher: Chicago White Sox, NY Yankees [World Series: 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953/all-star: 1951], Baltimore Orioles; died June 15, 1992)

1921 - Judy Holliday (Tuvim) (actress: Adam’s Rib, Bells are Ringing, Born Yesterday, It Should Happen to You; died June 7, 1965)

1921 - Jane (Ernestine) Russell (actress: Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, The Outlaw, Paleface, The Road to Bali; activist for homeless children; died Feb 28, 2011)

1925 - Maureen Stapleton (Academy Award-winning actress: Reds [1981]; A View from the Bridge, Bye, Bye Birdie, Cocoon: The Return; theatre at Hudson Valley Community College name for her; died Mar 13, 2006)

1927 - Carl Stokes (politician: first black elected mayor of a major city: Cleveland [1967, 1969]; Cleveland Municipal Court Judge; died Apr 3, 1996)

1932 - O.C. (Ocie Lee) Smith (singer: Little Green Apples, Daddy’s Little Man, Lighthouse, Slow Walk, The Son of Hickory Holler’s Tramp; vocalist for Count Basie Orchestra; died Nov 23, 2001)

1933 - Bernie Kopell (actor: The Love Boat, Get Smart, Love American Style, When Things were Rotten, Combat High, Sunset Beach, Bug Buster)

1935 - Monte Markham (actor: The Second Hundred Years, Baywatch, Rituals, Dallas, Perry Mason, Mr. Deeds Goes to Town, At First Sight, Judgment Day, Hotline, Guns of the Magnificent Seven)

1935 - Françoise Sagan (Quoirez) (author: Aimez-Vous Brahms, Bonjour Tristesse, Evasion, A Certain Smile; died Sep 24, 2004)

1938 - Ron Ely (Ronald Pierce) (actor: Tarzan, Slavers, Doc Savage; host: Miss America Pageant)

1940 - Mariette Hartley (actress: Encino Man, Silence of the Heart, Improper Channels; TV hostess; commercials: Polaroid)

1941 - Joe Flaherty (Emmy Award-winning writer: SCTV Network 90 [1983]; actor: Second City TV, Maniac Mansion. Happy Gilmore, A Pig’s Tale, Who’s Harry Crumb, Back to the Future, Part 2, Speed Zone, Stripes, Used Cars, Tunnelvision)

1943 - Brian Sternberg (pole-vaulter: Univ. of Washington: world pole vault record [16’-7": 1963]; died May 23, 2013)

1944 - Ray Davies (musician: guitar, singer, songwriter: group: The Kinks: You Really Got Me, All Day & All of the Night, Tired of Waiting, A Well Respected Man, Sunny Afternoon, Lola)

1947 - Meredith Baxter (actress: Family Ties, Bridget Loves Bernie, Til Murder Do Us Part)

1947 - Michael Gross (actor: Family Ties, Firestorm: 72 Hours in Oakland, In the Heat of Passion 2: Unfaithful)

1947 - Joey Molland (musician: guitar, keyboards, singer: groups: Natural Gas, Badfinger: Day After Day, No Matter What, Baby Blue)

1947 - Wade Phillips (football: coach: Denver Broncos)

1947 - Duane Thomas (football: Dallas Cowboys running back: Super Bowl V, VI)

1950 - Joey Kramer (musician: drums: group: Aerosmith: LPs: Toys in the Attic, Rocks, Draw the Line, Night in the Ruts)

1951 - Nils Lofgren (musician: guitar, keyboards, singer, songwriter: Back It Up, Keith Don’t Go [Ode to the Glimmer Twin], Beggars Day, No Mercy, Secrets in the Street, Delivery Night; groups: Grin, E Street Band)

1954 - Robert Pastorelli (actor: I Married a Centerfold, Beverly Hills Cop II, Murphy Brown, Dances with Wolves, Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit, Striking Distance, Eraser, South Pacific [2001]; died Mar 8, 2004)

1956 - Rick (Richard Lee) Sutcliffe (baseball: pitcher: LA Dodgers, Cleveland Indians, Chicago Cubs [Cy Young Award-winner: 1984], Baltimore Orioles, SL Cardinals)

1957 - Berkeley Breathed (cartoonist: Bloom County, Outland)

1957 - Mark Brzezicki (musician: drums: group: Big Country: Harvest Home, Fields of Fire, In a Big Country, Chance, Wonderland, East of Eden, Where the Rose is Sown)

1958 - Eric Douglas (actor: The Flamingo Kid, Delta Force 3: The Killing Game; died July 6, 2004)

1959 - Tom Chambers (basketball: University of Utah, San Diego Clippers, Seattle SuperSonics, Phoenix Suns, Utah Jazz; 20th player in NBA history to score 20,000 career points)

1964 - Sammi Davis-Voss (actress: The Lair of the White Worm, Hope and Glory, Homefront)

1964 - Doug Savant (actor: Melrose Place, Maniac Cop 3: Badge of Silence, Shaking the Tree, Red Surf, Masquerade, Godzilla [1998])

1967 - Derrick Coleman (basketball: Syracuse Univ, Seattle SuperSonics, Philadelphia 76ers, Charlotte Hornets)

1973 - Juliette Lewis (actress: Cape Fear, Husbands and Wives, Natural Born Killers, Romeo is Bleeding, What’s Eating Gilbert Grape?, My Stepmother is an Alien, Too Young to Die, I Married Dora)

1982 - Prince William (William Arthur Philip Louis Windsor) (Duke of Cambridge: first future king of England born in a hospital, first to wear disposable diapers, first to attend nursery school; son of England’s Prince Charles and Princess Diana)

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Chart Toppers - June 21
Nature Boy - Nat King Cole
Toolie Oolie Doolie - The Andrews Sisters
You Can’t Be True, Dear - The Ken Griffin Orchestra (vocal: Jerry Wayne)
Texarkana Baby - Eddy Arnold

The Wayward Wind - Gogi Grant
I Almost Lost My Mind - Pat Boone
Transfusion - Nervous Norvus
Crazy Arms - Ray Price

Chapel of Love - The Dixie Cups
A World Without Love - Peter & Gordon
I Get Around - The Beach Boys
Together Again - Buck Owens

The Candy Man - Sammy Davis, Jr.
Song Sung Blue - Neil Diamond
Nice to Be with You - Gallery
The Happiest Girl in the Whole U.S.A. - Donna Fargo

Funkytown - Lipps, Inc.
Coming Up - Paul McCartney & Wings
Biggest Part of Me - Ambrosia
One Day at a Time - Cristy Lane

Together Forever - Rick Astley
Foolish Beat - Debbie Gibson
Dirty Diana - Michael Jackson
I Told You So - Randy Travis

Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...

Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440fun.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams

Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International

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