440 International Those Were the Days
June 14

Events - June 14
1775 - The first U.S. military service, the U.S. Army, was established by a Congressional Resolution.

1777 - “Resolved that the flag of the thirteen United States shall be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white on a blue field, representing a new constellation,” said John Adams, at a meeting of the Continental Congress in Philadelphia, PA. And so, the first Flag Day was celebrated in the United States of America.

1834 - While thoughts of summer sun and sand are upon us, we pause to take a short lesson about one of mankind’s greatest inventions. Isaac Fischer, Jr. of Springfield, Vermont decided that it was time to patent sandpaper. Mr. Fischer’s sandpaper changed the coarse of history didn’t it? Now, back to work!

1881 - The player piano was patented by John McTammany, Jr. of Cambridge, MA. It was patent number 242,786.

1919 - Lindbergh did it all by himself; but the true, first, nonstop transatlantic flight took place on this day. Actually, it took two days for Captain John Alcock and Lt. Arthur Brown to fly their Vickers Vimy bomber to Ireland from St. Johns, Newfoundland. The 1,900-mile flight ended in a crash landing in a peat bog in Clifden, County Galway, Ireland.

1922 - A U.S. President was heard on the radio for the first time. President Warren G. Harding dedicated the Francis Scott Key Memorial and was heard on radio station WEAR in Baltimore.

1923 - It was the beginning of the country music recording industry. Ralph Peer of Okeh Records recorded Fiddlin’ John Carson doing "The Little Old Log Cabin in the Lane" -- and the first country music recording was in the can.

1937 - Pennsylvania became the first state in the United States to observe Flag Day as a legal holiday. PA is still the only state doing so (see Flag Day [above]).

1942 - From the Do Not Try This at Home File: The first bazooka-rocket gun was produced -- in Bridgeport, CT.

1950 - After 13 years on the radio, Harold Peary played the leading role of "The Great Gildersleeve" one final time. Willard Waterman took Peary’s place in the role for the next eight years on radio and for several years on TV as well.

1951 - Univac 1 was unveiled in Washington, DC. Billed as the world’s first commercial computer, Univac was designed for the U.S. Census Bureau. The massive computer was 8 feet high, 7-1/2 feet wide and 14-1/2 feet long. It had lots and lots of tubes that dimmed lights all over Washington when it cranked out information. Compared to today’s computers, Univac was painfully slow ... a lot like the government in which it served, in fact.

1953 - Elvis Presley graduated from L.C. Humes High School in Memphis, TN. Within three years, the truck driver-turned-singer had his first number-one record with "Heartbreak Hotel".

1953 - Seven former Southern Conference university sports teams established a new alliance: The Atlantic Coast Conference.

1963 - Duke Snider got his 400th home run in a game against the Cincinnati Reds. Snider became the ninth player in major-league history to reach this career milestone.

1975 - America reached the top spot on the "Billboard" pop music chart with "Sister Golden Hair". The group had previously (March, 1972) taken "A Horse With No Name" to the number one spot. The trio of Dan Peek, Gerry Beckley and Dewey Bunnell had received the Best New Artist Grammy in 1972. America recorded a dozen hits that made it to the popular music charts in the 1970s and 1980s. Though number one, "Sister Golden Hair" did not qualify for gold record (million-seller) status.

1976 - The Beatles were awarded a gold record for the compilation album of past hits titled, "Rock ’n’ Roll Music".

1982 - The large Argentine garrison in Port Stanley (capital and only town in the Falkland Islands) was overrun by British troops, effectively ending the Falklands War. Argentina had invaded the British dependent territory(ies) in April 1982. During the brief war, Argentina suffered 655 killed, while Britain lost 236.

1985 - Earl Weaver returned to manage the American League Baltimore Orioles, after a 2-1/2-year retirement. Weaver is said to have turned down 11 managing offers, but said “Yes” to Attorney Edward Bennett Williams, the owner of the Orioles, when asked to return to take over the reins of the team.

1991 - "Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves" opened, collecting $25.63 million from audiences at 2,369 U.S. theaters. Kevin Costner is Robin of Locksley, Morgan Freeman plays Azeem, Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio is Marian, and Christian Slater stars as Will Scarlett. The mean old Sheriff of Nottingham is played by the spooky Alan Rickman. It takes awhile (143 minutes), but the good guys/gals do live happily ever after.

1995 - Michael Jackson and wife, Lisa Marie Presley-Jackson, were interviewed by Diane Sawyer on ABC-TV’s "PrimeTime Live". Sawyer questioned the couple about how they got to know each other, how Michael proposed, etc. The hourlong interview, at the old MGM set at Sony Pictures, Hollywood, was seen by 60 million U.S. viewers and millions more around the world. Selected snippets from the interview: Do they have sex? “Yes, yes, yes.” Prenuptial agreement? “Yes.” Regarding accusations of child molestation? “Never ever! I could never harm a child, or anyone. It’s not in my heart. It’s not how I am. I am not even interested in that!” Would Michael like to be as black as he once was? “I love black.”

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Birthdays - June 14
1811 - Harriet Beecher Stowe (author: Uncle Tom’s Cabin; died July 1, 1896)

1820 - John Bartlett (compiler, editor: Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations; died Dec 3, 1905)

1864 - Dr. Alois Alzheimer (psychiatrist, pathologist: first to describe the disease named after him: Alzheimer’s Disease; died [of a severe cold complicated by endocarditis] Dec 19, 1915)

1901 - Hap (Clarence) Day (Hockey Hall-of-Famer: Univ. of Toronto, Toronto St. Patricks, Toronto Maple Leafs [Stanley Cup: 1931-32], NY Americans; referee; coach: Toronto Maple Leafs [won five Stanley Cups, including three in a row]; manager: Toronto Maple Leafs; died Feb 17, 1990)

1904 - Margaret Bourke-White (photojournalist: LIFE magazine; 1st woman photojournalist attached to US Armed Forces in WWII: covered Italy, siege of Moscow, U.S. Forces crossing into Germany, concentration camps; division of India, Mahatma Gandhi; Korean War correspondent; book [w/husband Erskine Caldwell]: You Have Seen Their Faces; died Aug 27, 1971)

1909 - Burl (Icle Ivanhoe) Ives (singer: A Holly Jolly Christmas, A Little Bitty Tear, Funny Way of Laughin’, Call Me Mr. In-Between; Academy Award winning actor: The Big Country [1958], Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, East of Eden, Smokey, Our Man in Havana, The Bold Ones, Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer; radio series: The Wayfaring Stranger [1944]; died Apr 14, 1995)

1913 - Henry Banks (auto racer: PPG Indy Car World Series champ [1950]; first president of American Racing Drivers Club [ARDC] [1939]; died Dec 18, 1994)

1916 - Dorothy McGuire (actress: A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, Gentlemen’s Agreement, The Young and the Restless, Rich Man, Poor Man, Little Women [TV: 1979], The Last Best Year; died Sep 13, 2001)

1919 - Gene Barry (Eugene Klass) (actor: Bat Masterson, Burke’s Law, The Name of the Game, War of the Worlds, A Cry for Love, Our Miss Brooks, La Cage aux Folles; died Dec 9, 2009)

1919 - Sam Wanamaker (actor: Superman 4, Private Benjamin, The Spy Who Came in from the Cold, Taras Bulba; director: The Executioner, Killing of Randy Webster, Sinbad and the Eye of the Tiger; died Dec 18, 1993)

1922 - Kevin Roche (architect: Kevin Roche & Associates: Columbus Circle Redevelopment, New York NY; NationsBank Plaza, Atlanta GA; Oakland Museum, Oakland CA)

1925 - Pierre Salinger (White House press secretary to President John F. Kennedy, journalist, author: P.S. a Memoir, John F. Kennedy, Commander in Chief : A Profile in Leadership; died Oct 16, 2004)

1926 - Don (Donald) ‘Newk’ Newcombe (baseball: pitcher: Brooklyn Dodgers [Rookie of the Year: 1949/Cy Young Award: 1956/Baseball Writer’s Award: 1956/World Series: 1949, 1950, 1951, 1955/all-star: 1949, 1950, 1951, 1955], Cincinnati Redlegs, Los Angeles Dodgers, Cincinnati Reds, Cleveland Indians)

1929 - Cy Coleman (Seymour Kaufman) (pianist, composer: Try to Change Me Now, Witchcraft, Firefly, Young at Heart, Big Spender, If My Friends Could See Me Now, Hey Look Me Over, Real Live Girl, I’ve Got Your Number, When in Rome, Pass Me By, Sweet Talk; died Nov 18, 2004)

1931 - Marla Gibbs (actress: Up Against the Wall, 227, The Jeffersons, The Meteor Man)

1939 - Tom Matte (football: Baltimore Colts running back: Super Bowl III)

1940 - Ben Davidson (football: Oakland Raiders defensive end: Super Bowl II; died Jul 2, 2012)

1945 - Rod Argent (keyboards: group: Argent: Hold Your Head Up; group: The Zombies: She’s Not There, Tell Her No, Time of the Season)

1946 - Donald Trump (45th U.S. President [2017- ]; married to Melania Knauss [children: Donald Jr. Ivanka Eric Tiffany Barron]; real estate mogul)

1948 - Pete Donnelly (hockey: Vancouver Blazershockey: WHA: NY Raiders, Vancouver Blazers, Quebec Nordiques)

1949 - Jim Lea (musician: bass, violin, keyboards, vocals, songwriter: group: Slade: Get Down and Get With It, Coz I Love You, We’ll Bring Home the Dawn, My Oh My, Run Run Away)

1949 - Alan White (musician: drummer: group: Yes: Owner of a Lonely Heart; group: Plastic Ono Band)

1950 - Bill (William Roger) Fahey (baseball: catcher: Washington Senators, Texas Rangers, SD Padres, Detroit Tigers)

1952 - Eddie Mekka (Edward Mekjian) (actor: Laverne and Shirley, Guiding Light)

1954 - Will Patton (actor: Fled, Copycat, Natural Causes, The Client, Midnight Edition, Dillinger, No Way Out, Desperately Seeking Susan, Silkwood; Obie Award-winner: Tourists and Refugees #2)

1958 - Eric Heiden (Olympic gold [5] medalist: speed skater [1980])

1961 - Boy George (George Alan O’Dowd) (singer: group: Culture Club: Do You Really Want to Hurt Me, Karma Chameleon)

1961 - Sam Perkins (‘The Big Smooth’: basketball: Univ. of North Carolina [all-American], Olympic gold medalalist [1984], Dallas Mavericks, Los Angeles Lakers, Seattle SuperSonics, Indiana Pacers)

1968 - Yasmine Bleeth (actress: Nash Bridges, Baywatch, Titans)

1969 - Steffi (Stephanie) Graf (tennis champ: Australian Open [1988, 1989, 1990, 1994], French Open [1987, 1988, 1993], Wimbledon [1988, 1989, 1991, 1992, 1993], U.S. Open [1988, 1989, 1993])

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Chart Toppers - June 14
Riders in the Sky - Vaughn Monroe
Again - Doris Day
Bali Ha’i - Perry Como
One Kiss Too Many - Eddy Arnold

Love Letters in the Sand - Pat Boone
A Teenager’s Romance/I’m Walkin’ - Ricky Nelson
Bye Bye Love - The Everly Brothers
Four Walls - Jim Reeves

Back in My Arms Again - The Supremes
Crying in the Chapel - Elvis Presley
I Can’t Help Myself - The Four Tops
What’s He Doing in My World - Eddy Arnold

My Love - Paul McCartney & Wings
Frankenstein - The Edgar Winter Group
Pillow Talk - Sylvia
You Always Come Back (To Hurting Me) - Johnny Rodriguez

Bette Davis Eyes - Kim Carnes
Stars on 45 medley - Stars on 45
Sukiyaki - A Taste of Honey
What are We Doin’ in Love - Dottie West with Kenny Rogers

Wind Beneath My Wings - Bette Midler
I’ll Be Loving You (Forever) - New Kids on the Block
Every Little Step - Bobby Brown
Better Man - Clint Black

Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...

Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440fun.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams

Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International

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