Events - January 14
1873 - ‘Celluloid’ was registered as a trademark. It was the wonderful invention of John Hyatt in 1869. While waiting for a patent, he used the celluloid to wrap his Christmas presents. Then he got the idea that somebody might be able to make movies with the stuff.
1882 - A country club named The Country Club became the first country club in the United States -- in Brookline, MA. Of course, playing golf in mid-January in New England didn’t work out, so hunters went out to pick off the wildlife right off the fairways.
1914 - Henry Ford announced the newest advance in assembly line production of cars. The new continuous motion method reduced assembly time of a car from 12½ hours to 93 minutes.
1932 - Horse racing legend Eddie Arcaro won his first race. The jockey was riding Eagle Bird for the victory. The result was official. Cash in your winning tickets at the nearest window. Thank you.
1936 - Harriet Hilliard, vocalist and wife of bandleader Ozzie Nelson, sang "Get Thee Behind Me Satan", on Brunswick Records.
1939 - The program, "Honolulu Bound", was heard on CBS radio. Phil Baker and the Andrews Sisters were featured on the program. We have no idea what the program was about, but our wild guesses include words like hula, Waikiki, trade winds, sun-drenched beaches, coconuts and pineapple.
1941 - Paul Brown, then head football coach of Massillon High School, was named head coach of Ohio State’s Buckeyes. In seven years of high school competition, coach Brown’s Massillon High team lost only one game.
1943 - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt met with Allied leaders during the opening day of the famous Casablanca Conference in Morocco. Roosevelt, Gen. Charles DeGaulle, leader of free France, Prime Minister Winston Churchill of Great Britain, and Gen. Henri Giraud, High Commissioner of French North and West Africa met to hammer out the strategy that called for the unconditional surrender of the Axis powers. On his way to the conference, Roosevelt became the first U.S. President to fly in an airplane while in office.
1951 - The first National Football League Pro Bowl All-Star Game was played -- in Los Angeles, California. The American Conference defeated the National Conference in a squeaker -- 28-27.
1952 - On this cold East Coast morning at 7 a.m., NBC-TV opened the the first "Today" show broadcast with a shot of Dave Garroway looking outside through the ‘Window on the World’ in New York City. The program was the first that featured his signature sign-off: hand raised, uttering one word, “Peace.”
1954 - Marilyn Monroe married baseball great, Joe DiMaggio. The marriage lasted nine months. After her death (in 1962), DiMaggio had red roses delivered to her crypt two to three times a week for some twenty years.
1956 - Rock ’n’ roller, Little Richard, was singing the newly released "Tutti-Frutti". So, you think this was the hit version, huh? Not so, bubblegum brain. The Pat Boone version became even more popular as a cover record.
1964 - A hootenanny was held for the first time at the White House, as the New Christy Minstrels entertained President and Lady Bird Johnson, as well as Italy’s President.
1968 - Super Bowl II (at Miami): Green Bay Packers 33, Oakland Raiders 14. Packers had won every Super Bowl to date. MVP: Packers’ QB Bart Starr. Tickets: $12.00.
1972 - Comedian Redd Foxx, whose last name was really Sanford, debuted on NBC-TV in "Sanford & Son". Demond Wilson starred as Fred Sanford’s son. Quincy Jones composed the catchy theme song.
1973 - Super Bowl VII (at Los Angeles): Miami Dolphins 14, Washington Redskins 7. This was the season that Bob Griese and the Dolphins finished with a perfect 17-0 record. MVP: Dolphins’ S Jake Scott. Tickets: $15.00.
1973 - Elvis Presley drew the largest audience for a single TV show to that time -- an estimated one billion viewers in 40 countries. "Elvis - Aloha From Hawaii", a live, worldwide concert from Honolulu International Center Arena (later known as the Neal S. Blaisdell Center Arena). Performed at 12:30 a.m. Hawaiian Time, it was beamed live via Globecam Satellite to Australia, South Korea, Japan, Thailand, the Philippines, South Vietnam and other countries, and was seen on a delayed basis in approximately 30 European countries. The first American airing was April 4th on NBC-TV. The show was also released as a two-record album, and became one of Elvis’s top-selling LPs.
1978 - Actress Marie Blake died. She was 81 years old. Blake is probably best known for playing Blossom Rock, Grandmamma, in "The Addams Family" TV series.
1985 - Martina Navratilova joined Jimmy Connors and Chris Evert Lloyd as the only professional tennis players to win 100 tournaments. To accomplish this, Martina defeated Manuela Maleeva to win the Virginia Slims competition in Washington, D.C.
1985 - Former Miss America Phyllis George joined Bill Kurtis as host of "The CBS Morning News". It was a bomb. Kurtis went back to WBBM-TV in Chicago as a news anchor and Phyllis stuck around a little longer, encouraging people to give hugs, until she was axed.
1986 - "Rambo: First Blood, Part II" arrived at video stores this day, breaking the record set by "Ghostbusters" for first day orders. 435,000 copies of the video were sold -- about $21.4 million worth. Yo!
1990 - The Fox network’s animated show "The Simpsons" premiered. “D’oh!”
1993 - The Galeras Volcano in Colombia erupted as 15 people gathered at the crater. Only six survived.
1996 - The Pittsburgh Steelers defeated the Indianapolis Colts, 20-to-16, to win the AFC championship. The Dallas Cowboys beat the Green Bay Packers, 38-to-27, to capture the NFC championship.
1997 - Greek officials confirmed the discovery in Athens of the lyceum (the gymnasium used as the world’s first university) where the philosopher Aristotle taught some 2,500 years ago. Aristotle organized his lyceum as a centre for philosophical speculation and scientific research, particularly in biology and history. The discovery of the long-lost lyceum was made by archaeologist Ephi Ligouri; the site satisfied all known facts concerning the location: to the east of the city walls and on the banks of the river Iliso. The excavation was made urgently before building began for a planned museum of modern art.
1998 - Researchers in Dallas, Texas reported an enzyme “cellular fountain of youth” to slow aging process and cell death.
1999 - Fosse, a three-act musical revue, opened at Broadway’s Broadhurst Theatre. The show, showcasing the choreography of Bob Fosse, won the 1999 Tony Award for Best Musical. It closed August 25, 2001, after a stellar run of 1,093 performances.
2000 - These films opened in the U.S.: "Girl, Interrupted" (based on Susanna Kaysen’s account of her 18-month stay at a mental hospital in the 1960s), starring Angelina Jolie (Academy Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role), Winona Ryder, Elisabeth Moss, Brittany Murphy, Clea Duvall and Whoopi Goldberg; "The Hurricane" (the story of boxer Rubin ‘Hurricane’ Carter, with Denzel Washington, John Hannah and Deborah Kara Unger; and "Supernova" (about the search and rescue patrol of a medical spaceship in the early 22nd century), starring James Spader, Angela Bassett, Robert Forster, Lou Diamond Phillips, Peter Facinelli, Robin Tunney and Wilson Cruz.
2001 - The matchup for Super Bowl XXXV was decided as the New York Giants shut out the Minnesota Vikings, 41-to-0, to win the NFC championship and the Baltimore Ravens beat the Oakland Raiders, 16-to-3, to gain the AFC title.
2002 - Two members of Congress released excerpts of a memo to Enron Chairman Kenneth Lay the previous August. The memo from Sherron Watkins, Enron’s vice president of corporate development, expressed concern that the energy trading company would “implode in a wave of accounting scandals.”
2002 - U.S. warplanes began to seal caves with bombs near Khost, Afghanistan. The caves were being used as Afghan hideouts.
2004 - U.S. President George Bush (II) proposed a new space program that would send humans back to the moon by 2015 and establish a base for trips to Mars and beyond.
2004 - German-born Broadway actress Uta Hagen died at 84 years of age. Her work included the role of Martha in the 1962 Albee Broadway play Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolfe.
2005 - New movies in U.S. theatres: Coach Carter, starring Samuel L. Jackson, Robert Ri’chard, Rob Brown, Channing Tatum and Ashanti; Elektra, starring Jennifer Garner, Goran Visnjic, Will Yun Lee, Terence Stamp, Hiro Kanagawa, Natassia Malthe and Bob Sapp; and the animated Racing Stripes, voiced by Frankie Muniz, Hayden Panettiere, Bruce Greenwood, Dustin Hoffman, Whoopi Goldberg, Joe Pantoliano, Mandy Moore, Patrick Stewart, Joshua Jackson, Michael Rosenbaum, Steve Harvey, David Spade, Michael Clarke Duncan and Jeff Foxworthy.
2005 - The Huygens probe successfully landed on Saturn’s largest moon Titan. Three low-resolution pictures were released, including one that appears to show channels cut by liquid, and another showing rocks or ice on the surface of Titan.
2006 - Iran barred CNN reporters because of the network’s mistranslating of comments made by Iran’s President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. (The ban was lifted three days later.)
2007 - Veteran stage, film and TV actress Darlene Conley died in Los Angeles at 72 years of age. Conley played fashion mogul Sally Spectra for 19 years on the soap The Bold and the Beautiful. Over the years, she also appeared in The Birds (1963), Gunsmoke (1955), Mary Tyler Moore (1970), and Robert Kennedy & His Times (1985) Faces (1968), Tough Guys, The Young and the Restless (1973), Capitol (1982), General Hospital (1963), and Days of Our Lives (1965).
2007 - Hurricane-strength winds whipped across southwestern Sweden, leaving more than 100,000 households without power and causing major disruptions in train and boat traffic across Scandinavia. Six people were killed in storm-related accidents.
2008 - The trial of actor Wesley Snipes began in Ocala, Florida. The United States accused Snipes of skipping payment of income taxes from 1999-2004. During this period he earned $38 million and paid no taxes. (On April 24, 2008, Snipes was sentenced to three years in prison for willful failure to file federal income tax returns.)
Birthdays - January 14
1741 - Benedict Arnold (American General in Revolutionary War: turncoat, conspired with British; name synonymous with treason; died June 14, 1801)
1875 - Albert Schweitzer (philosopher, musician, physician, humanitarian: winner of Nobel Peace Prize ; died Sep 4, 1965)
1892 - Hal Roach (producer: Hal Roach Studios; director: One Million B.C., Road Show, The Devil’s Brother; died Nov 2, 1992)
1906 - William Bendix (actor: For Love or Money, Babe Ruth Story, Blackbeard the Pirate, The Detective Story, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court, Guadalcanal Diary, Wake Island, Star Spangled Rhythm, The Life of Riley; died Dec 14, 1964)
1908 - Russ Columbo (Ruggerio Eugenio di Rudolpho Colombo) (singer, bandleader, songwriter: You Call It Madness, Let’s Pretend There’s A Moon, Prisoner of Love; died Sep 2, 1934)
1915 - Mark Goodson (TV game show producer: Pop the Question; Goodson-Todman Productions: What’s My Line, I’ve Got a Secret, Family Feud, The Price is Right; died Dec 18, 1992)
1917 - Billy Butterfield (Charles William Butterfield) (musician: trumpet; founding member of World’s Greatest Jazz Band; died Mar 18, 1988)
1919 - Andy Rooney (Emmy Award-winning news writer: Black History: Lost, Stolen or Strayed [Of Black America Series], CBS News Hour ; feature writer: Pieces of My Mind; syndicated columnist; TV commentator: 60 Minutes; died Nov 4, 2011)
1924 - Guy Williams (actor: Lost in Space, Zorro, The Mississippi Gambler, Seven Angry Men, I Was a Teenage Werewolf, The Sign of Zorro, Zorro, the Avenger, Captain Sindbad; died Apr 30, 1989)
1926 - Tom Tryon (actor: Texas John Slaughter, The Cardinal, In Harm’s Way, The Longest Day; died Sep 4, 1991)
1929 - Billy Walker (singer: ‘masked singer’: Thank You for Calling, Charlie’s Shoes, Word Games; died May 21, 2006)
1931 - Caterina Valente (singer: The Breeze and I, Malaguena)
1937 - Sonny (Wilfred Charles) Siebert (baseball: pitcher: Cleveland Indians [all-star: 1966], Boston Red Sox [all-star: 1971], Texas Rangers, SL Cardinals, Oakland Athletics, SD Padres)
1938 - Jack Jones (John Allan Jones) (singer: Lollipops and Roses, Wives and Lovers, The Impossible Dream, Lady, The Race is On, Love Boat theme)
1940 - Julian Bond (legislator: Georgia ; civil rights leader: helped found Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee; chairman of NAACP board of directors; died Aug 15, 2015)
1941 - (Dorothy) Faye Dunaway (Academy Award-winning actress: Network ; Don Juan DeMarco, Casanova, Beverly Hills Madam, Christopher Columbus, Mommie Dearest, Voyage of the Damned, Three Days of the Condor, The Towering Inferno, Chinatown, The Deadly Trap, Little Big Man, The Arrangement, Bonnie & Clyde)
1941 - Gibby Gilbert (golf: finished in top 31 names on money list every season but one since joining Senior Tour in 1991; surpassed $3 million in Senior earnings during 1997 season; holds course record at the fabled Pinehurst #2)
1944 - Graham Marsh (golf: PGA Tour Victory: 1977 Heritage Classic; Senior Tour Victories: 1995 Bruno’s Memorial Classic, 1996 PaineWebber Invitational, Franklin Quest Championship, 1997 Nationwide Championship, 1997 U.S. Senior Open)
1947 - Gene Washington (football: Minnesota Vikings wide receiver: Super Bowl IV)
1948 - Carl Weathers (actor: Happy Gilmore, Dangerous Passion, Hurricane Smith, Rocky series, Force 10 from Navarone, Semi-Tough)
1967 - Emily Watson (actress: Breaking the Waves, Hilary and Jackie, Gosford Park, Cromwell & Fairfax)
1968 - LL Cool J (James Todd Smith) (rap singer)
1969 - Jason Bateman (actor: Little House on the Prairie, Breaking the Rules, Necessary Roughness, A Taste for Killing)
1975 - Jordan Ladd (actress: Embrace of the Vampire, Weapons of Mass Distraction, Boys Life 3, Cabin Fever; daughter of Cheryl Ladd and David Ladd, granddaughter of Alan Ladd)
1989 - Emma Greenwell (actress: Shameless, The Path, Love & Friendship, True Blood)
Chart Toppers - January 14
Dear Hearts and Gentle People - Dinah Shore
A Dreamer’s Holiday - Perry Como
The Old Master Painter - Snooky Lanson
I Love You Because - Leon Payne
At the Hop - Danny & The Juniors
Stood Up/Waitin’ in School - Ricky Nelson
Kisses Sweeter Than Wine - Jimmie Rodgers
Great Balls of Fire - Jerry Lee Lewis
We Can Work It Out - The Beatles
She’s Just My Style - Gary Lewis & The Playboys
Flowers on the Wall - The Statler Brothers
Giddyup Go - Red Sovine
The Joker - Steve Miller Band
Show and Tell - Al Wilson
Smokin’ in the Boys Room - Brownsville Station
I Love - Tom T. Hall
Physical - Olivia Newton-John
Waiting for a Girl Like You - Foreigner
Let’s Groove - Earth, Wind & Fire
Fourteen Carat Mind - Gene Watson
Another Day in Paradise - Phil Collins
Pump Up the Jam - Technotronic featuring Felly
How Am I Supposed to Live Without You - Michael Bolton
It Ain’t Nothin’ - Keith Whitley
Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...
Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams
Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International
No portion of these files may be reproduced without the express, written permission of 440 International Inc.