Events - February 16
1741 - Benjamin Franklin published America’s second magazine, "The General Magazine and Historical Chronicle".
1857 - The National Deaf Mute College was incorporated in Washington, DC. It was the first school in the world for advanced education of the deaf. It was later renamed Gallaudet College.
1868 - The Jolly Corks organization in New York City decided to change their goofy name to the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks (BPOE). The purpose of the fraternal group: “...practice charity, justice, brotherly love and faithfulness.”
1926 - Suzanne Lenglen defeated Helen Wills at Cannes, France to retain the women’s tennis championship title. It was the only meeting between the two tennis greats.
1932 - The first fruit tree patent was issued to James E. Markham for a peach tree which ripens later than other varieties.
1937 - Wallace H. Carothers patented nylon ... a Dupont product, incidentally.
1942 - Shep Fields and his orchestra recorded "Jersey Bounce" on Bluebird Records.
1945 - More than 2,000 U.S. troops arriving by air and sea dropped onto the island of Corregidor in the Philippines.
1948 - NBC-TV presented the first daily newsreel telecast. The program was known as the "20th Century Fox - Movietone News".
1950 - “That’s three down. We move now to Arlene Francis.” Arlene Francis, Dorothy Kilgallen, humorist Hal Block, and Louis Untermeyer joined host John Daly as one of the classics of early television debuted on CBS. "What’s My Line" stayed on the air for 17 years -- the longest-running game show in the history of prime-time network television -- and launched one of TV’s biggest production companies: that of Mark Goodson and Bill Todman.
1951 - Workmen accidentally touched off a fire that badly damaged the massive, ornate dome of San Francisco’s City Hall. Firefighters had to carry hoses up 200 steps to the dome’s top and then tie themselves to the buiding to get at the fire.
1959 - Fidel Castro appointed himself Premier of Cuba following the overthrow of Fulgencio Batista.
1963 - The Beatles moved to the top of the British rock charts with "Please, Please Me" exactly one month after the record was released. It was the start of the Beatles domination of the British music charts, as well as the beginning of the British Invasion in America and elsewhere around the world.
1968 - Elvis Presley received a gold record for his sacred album of hymns, "How Great Thou Art". Despite his popularity in the pop music world, Elvis won only 3 Grammy Awards -- one for this album, the Lifetime Achievement Award in 1970; then for "He Touched Me" in 1972. He did, however, receive over a dozen Grammy nominations.
1972 - Los Angeles Lakers basketball-great Wilt Chamberlain topped the 30,000-point mark in his career during a game against the Phoenix Suns.
1978 - Ward Christensen and Randy Suess developed the first Computerized Bulletin Board System. Although the system officially came into being this day, CBBS did not go online to the public until 1979. Christensen managed the system under the title ‘system operator’ -- soon shortened to ‘sysop’.
1985 - Ray ‘Boom Boom’ Mancini lost the World Boxing Association lightweight championship crown to Livingstone Bramble. Mancini had been trying to regain the title, but ended up fighting for the last time on this night. The fighter retired in August, 1985.
1985 - Telly “Who Loves Ya Baby!” Savalas brought his "Kojak" character back to network television after an absence of seven years. The show, "Kojak: The Belarus File", was a special on CBS-TV, the network that launched "Kojak" to stardom.
1989 - Investigators in Lockerbie, Scotland, said a bomb hidden inside a radio-cassette player -- hidden inside a suitcase -- was what brought down Pan Am Flight 103 the previous December, killing all 259 people aboard and 11 on the ground.
1993 - Rod Stewart surprised the crowd at the annual Brit Awards in London. He invited his former band, The Faces, on stage to perform with him. They were accompanied by former Rolling Stones bassist Bill Wyman. Stewart was also honored with a lifetime achievement award.
1996 - Films debuting in the U.S.: The thriller "City Hall", starring Al Pacino, John Cusack, Bridget Fonda, Danny Aiello and Martin Landau; and "Muppet Treasure Island", starring Tim Curry, Kevin Bishop, Billy Connolly, Jennifer Saunders, Kermit the Frog, Miss Piggy, Rizzo the Rat, Gonzo the Great and Fozzie Bear.
2001 - First-run time in the U.S. for these movies: The romantic comedy "Down to Earth", featuring Chris Rock and Regina King; the animated comedy "Recess: School’s Out", with the voices of Andy Lawrence, Ashley Johnson, Rickey D'shon Collins, Courtland Mead, Jason Davis, Pamela Segall, Melissa Joan Hart, Dabney Coleman, April Winchell and James Woods; and the romantic comedy "Sweet November", starring Keanu Reeves and Charlize Theron.
2002 - Officials in Noble, GA found 334 decomposing bodies at the Tri-State Crematory, where the furnace had not worked for years. Ray Brent Marsh, manager of the family operation, was arrested and charged with five counts of theft by deception. (In 2004 families of the dead settled a class-action suit for $39.5 million.)
2003 - Michael Waltrip raced past leader Jimmie Johnson to win the Daytona 500 for the second time in three years.
2004 - Rioters set fire to a train station and pelted police with gasoline bombs in an Aboriginal ghetto in Sydney, Australia. The nine-hour street battle began after a teenager died while being chased by a police officer.
2005 - The Kyoto Protocol global warming agreement went into force -- without American participation -- seven years after it was negotiated. The treaty imposed limits on emissions of carbon dioxide and other gases scientists blame for increasing world temperatures, melting glaciers and rising oceans.
2006 - A United Nations report condemned the continued existence of Camp Delta at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba -- and what it called multiple breaches of Human Rights by the U.S. The U.N. says that prisoners held there should be immediately charged or released.
2007 - New movies in the U.S.: Breach, starring Chris Cooper, Ryan Phillippe, Laura Linney, Dennis Haysbert, Kathleen Quinlan, Gary Cole, Caroline Dhavernas, Bruce Davison, Mary Jo Deschanel and Gary Cole; Bridge to Terabithia, with Josh Hutcherson, Anna Sophia Robb, Zooey Deschanel and Robert Patrick; and Ghost Rider, starring Nicolas Cage, Jon Voight, Wes Bentley, Eva Mendes, Matt Long, Sam Elliott, Peter Fonda and Donal Logue.
2007 - The U.S. House of Representatives voted 246-182 for a resolution opposing the Bush (II) Administration plan to send 21,500 additional troops to Iraq. 17 Republicans joined 229 Democrats voting against the U.S. troop ‘surge’.
2008 - Toshiba Corporation said it was giving up on its HD DVD format for high-definition video, conceding defeat to the competing Blu-Ray technology backed by Sony Corp.
Birthdays - February 16
1884 - Robert Flaherty (‘Father of the Documentary Film’: film producer: Nanook of the North, Moana, Man of Aran; died July 23, 1951)
1898 - Katharine Cornell (actress: The Barretts of Wimpole Street, Stage Door Canteen; died June 9, 1974)
1901 - Chester Morris (actor: Five Came Back, Frankie and Johnny, Wagon’s Westward, The Great White Hope; died Sep 11, 1970)
1903 - Edgar Bergen (Bergren) (actor, ventriloquist: radio: The Edgar Bergen Show w/dummy Charlie McCarthy; father of actress Candice Bergen; died Sep 30, 1978)
1909 - Hugh Beaumont (actor: To the Shores of Tripoli, The Human Duplicators, Leave It to Beaver; died May 14, 1982)
1914 - Jimmy Wakely (actor: over 50 films as a western star, country singer: Slippin’ Around, Wedding Bells; died Sep 23, 1982)
1916 - Bill Doggett (musician: Honky Tonk, Slow Walk; died Nov 13, 1996)
1918 - Patty Andrews (Patricia Marie Andrews) (lead singer: group: The Andrews Sisters: Bei Mir Bist Du Schon, Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy, Rum and Coca Cola, Beer Barrel Polka; solo: I Can Dream Can’t I; died Jan 30, 2013)
1921 - Jean Behra (auto racer: competed in 52 Grand Prix races [best was 4th: 1956]; killed in crash at AVUS track [Berlin, Germany] Aug 1, 1959)
1932 - Gretchen Wyler (Wienecke) (actress: The Devil’s Brigade, The Marrying Man; died May 27,2007)
1934 - Marlene Bauer Hagge (golf: LPGA Champion )
1934 - Harold & Herbie Kalin (singers: group: The Kalin Twins: When, Forget Me Not; died Aug 24, 2005 & Jul 21, 2006, respectively)
1935 - Sonny (Salvatore) Bono (singer, entertainer [Sonny & Cher]: I Got You Babe, Baby Don’t Go, The Beat Goes On; TV: The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour; mayor: Palm Springs, CA; U.S. Congressman; killed Jan 5, 1998 [skiing accident])
1938 - Barry Primus (actor: Down and Out in Beverly Hills, Absence of Malice, Cagney and Lacey)
1943 - (Arthur) Bobby (Lee) Darwin (baseball: LA Angels, LA Dodgers, Minnesota Twins, Milwaukee Brewers, Boston Red Sox, Chicago Cubs)
1943 - Brig Owens (football: Washington Redskins Safety: Super Bowl VII)
1948 - Ted Washington (football: San Diego State Univ., Cincinnati Bengals)
1951 - William Katt (actor: Rattled, Tollbooth, The Greatest American Hero, Perry Mason series, Carrie)
1952 - James Ingram (singer: [w/Patti Austin]: Baby Come to Me, How Do You Keep the Music Playing; Just Once; died Jan 29, 2019)
1953 - George Martin (football: NY Giants defensive end: Super Bowl XXI)
1954 - Margaux Hemingway (actress: Bad Love, Deadly Conspiracy, Lipstick; sister of actress Mariel Hemingway, granddaughter of writer, Ernest Hemingway; died July 1, 1996)
1957 - LeVar Burton (Levardis Robert Martyn Burton Jr.) (actor: Alex Haley’s Roots, Star Trek: The Next Generation series)
1958 - Ice-T (Tracy Marrow) (rapper: group: Body Count: Cop Killer)
1959 - John McEnroe (tennis’ bad boy for his frequent outbursts on the tennis court: Wimbledon Men’s Singles Champion [1981, 1983, 1984]; U.S. Open Men’s Singles Champion: [1979, 1980, 1981, 1984])
1961 - Andy Taylor (musician: guitar: group: Duran Duran: Planet Earth, Hungry like the Wolf, Save a Prayer, Rio, Is There Something I Should Know, Union of the Snake, Wild Boys)
1964 - Jim Cantore (TV meteorologist: The Weather Channel)
1972 - Jerome Bettis (football: ‘The Bus’ [running back]: Notre Dame Univ; NFL: LA/SL Rams [1993–1995], Pittsburgh Steelers [1996–2005]: Super Bowl XL champs; NBC-TV football commentator)
1972 - Sarah Clarke (actress: 24, Below the Beltway, The Colony, A House Divided, Thirteen, The Accident, Pas de deaux, Twilight, Covert Affairs)
1973 - Cathy Freeman (Australian sprinter: 1996 Olympic silver medalist in Atlanta; 2000 gold medalist in Sydney)
Chart Toppers - February 16
My Heart Cries for You - Guy Mitchell
Tennessee Waltz - Patti Page
If - Perry Como
There’s Been a Change in Me - Eddy Arnold
Stagger Lee - Lloyd Price
16 Candles - The Crests
The All American Boy - Bill Parsons
Billy Bayou - Jim Reeves
I’m a Believer - The Monkees
Georgy Girl - The Seekers
Kind of a Drag - The Buckinghams
Don’t Come Home a’Drinkin’ (With Lovin’ on Your Mind) - Loretta Lynn
You’re No Good - Linda Ronstadt
Pick Up the Pieces - AWB
Best of My Love - The Eagles
Devil in the Bottle - T.G. Sheppard
Down Under - Men at Work
Baby, Come to Me - Patti Austin with James Ingram
Shame on the Moon - Bob Seger & The Silver Bullet Band
’Til I Gain Control Again - Crystal Gayle
Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now) - C & C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams
All the Man that I Need - Whitney Houston
One More Try - Timmy -T-
Brother Jukebox - Mark Chesnutt
Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...
Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams
Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International
No portion of these files may be reproduced without the express, written permission of 440 International Inc.