440 International Those Were the Days
August 23

Events - August 23
1892 - John H. Stedman of Rochester, NY patented the printed streetcar transfer. Don’t forget. You have to ASK for the transfer.

1902 - Fannie Merrit Farmer opened her cooking school, Miss Farmer’s School of Cookery, in Boston, MA. Ms. Farmer was the leading cooking authority of her day. Known as the ‘mother of measurements’, she revolutionized food preparation throughout the world with her introduction of precise measurements -- the level teaspoon, tablespoon, cup, etc. And, in 1919, candy maker Frank O’Connor paid Fannie the ultimate compliment by naming his now famous company, Fanny Farmer Candy Shops.

1904 - Harry D. Weed of New York state patented the grip-tread tire chain for automobiles. On those snowy, winter mornings in New York, et al, you can still hear those tire chains as cars ride by. Some still prefer the chains to today’s snow-tread tires.

1913 - The statue of "The Little Mermaid", based on the tale by Hans Christien Andersen, was unveiled in Copenhagen. It was a donation from brewer Carl Jacobsen to the City of Copenhagenand has become a famous symbol of the city.

1923 - Billy Jones and Ernie Hare, "The Happiness Boys", were heard on radio for the first time. The two were billed as radio’s first comedians and were also credited with creating and performing the first singing commercial.

1936 - Bob Feller made his pitching debut with the Cleveland Indians. Feller struck out 15 St. Louis Browns in his first outing. Three weeks later, he tied the American League record by striking out 17 Philadelphia Athletics.

1942 - Francisco ‘Pancho’ Segura of Ecuador won the Longwood Bowl at Brookline, MA. Francisco became the first player from South America to win a major U.S. grass-court tennis tournament.

1943 - "LIFE" magazine spotlighted a dance craze that was sweeping the U.S.A. -- the Lindy Hop. The Lindy was named after American aviation hero Charles A. Lindbergh; and began its entry into the American lifestyle in 1927. The Savoy Ballroom in Harlem, New York was really jumping when George ‘Shorty’ Snowden, one of the Savoy’s famous dancers, started doing twists, turns, jumps and twirls to the music of greats like Duke Ellington, Cab Calloway, Count Basie and Ella Fitzgerald. Snowden told everyone he was doing the Lindy Hop. The jitterbug, swing or Lindy as it was called by white dancers became an integral part of Hollywood’s golden era and was picked up by the youth of America during WWII, as exhibited on the "LIFE" cover.

1947 - Margaret Truman, daughter of U.S. President Harry S Truman, presented her first public concert. Margaret sang before 15,000 people at the Hollywood Bowl. The concert did not get great reviews. In fact, the critics didn’t like Margaret’s singing at all. And Margaret’s dad didn’t like the critics, and said so, from the White House.

1965 - The U.S. premiere of the motion picture "Help!", starring The Beatles, was held for thousands of moviegoers wanting to see the group’s first color motion picture. Their first film, "A Hard Day’s Night", had been produced in black and white.

1969 - Mrs. Audrey McElmury of La Jolla, CA won the world cycling championship in Czechoslovakia.

1970 - U.S. swimmer Gary Hall broke three world records at the AAU (Amateur Athletic Union) outdoor swimming meet, held in Los Angeles, CA.

1982 - Gaylord Perry was tossed out of a game for throwing an illegal spitball. Perry, pitching for the Seattle Mariners, was given the heave-ho by the home plate umpire in the seventh inning of the game.

1984 - South Fork Ranch, the home of the fictitious Ewing clan of the CBS-TV show "Dallas", was sold. The ranch, a 200-acre spread near Dallas, was to be transformed from a tourist site into a hotel, according to the new owners.

1985 - The gang from the PBS series "Sesame Street" was seen in a feature film. The plot of the movie, starring Big Bird and Oscar the Grouch, revolved around Big Bird leaving Sesame Street and joining a family of dodo birds.

1986 - Darrell Waltrip became the first racecar driver to earn $7 million in a racing career.

1987 - The Pan American games concluded in Indianapolis, with the United States winning a record 369 medals. 168 of the meals were of the gold variety.

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Birthdays - August 23
1754 - Louis XVI (last King of France [1774-1792]; executed Jan 21, 1793)

1785 - Oliver Hazard Perry (American naval officer: Battle of Lake Erie: “We have met the enemy, and they are ours.”; died Aug 23, 1819)

1869 - Edgar Lee Masters (poet: Spoon River Anthology; died Mar 5, 1950)

1912 - Gene (Eugene Curran) Kelly (dancer, actor: Singin’ in the Rain, An American in Paris, Anchors Aweigh, The Three Musketeers, Marjorie Morningstar, Inherit the Wind, North and South Book I; director: Singin’ in the Rain, Hello, Dolly!, A Guide for the Married Man, The Cheyenne Social Club; died Feb 2, 1996)

1917 - Tex (Sol) Williams (singer: Smoke, Smoke, Smoke [That Cigarette], Shame on You, The Rose of the Alamo, Bluebird on Your Windowsill, Bottom of a Mountain; died Oct 11, 1985)

1922 - George (Clyde) Kell (Baseball Hall of Famer: Philadelphia Athletics, Detroit Tigers [all-star: 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951], Boston Red Sox, Chicago White Sox [all-star: 1954], Baltimore Orioles [all-star: 1956, 1957]; died Mar 24, 2009)

1922 - Jean Darling (LeVake) (actress: March of the Wooden Soldiers, Little Rascals-Book 17; died Sep 4, 2015)

1929 - Vera Miles (Vera June Ralston) (actress: The Wrong Man, Psycho, The FBI Story, Autumn Leaves, Into the Night, The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance, Sergeant Ryker, Jigsaw, Our Family Business)

1929 - Peter Thomson (golf champion: British Open [1954, 1955, 1956, 1958, 1965]; died Jun 20, 2018)

1931 - Barbara Eden (Barbara Jean Moorhead) (actress: I Dream of Jeannie, Harper Valley P.T.A., The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm, Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea, Seven Faces of Dr. Lao)

1932 - Mark Russell (Ruslander) (comedian: Real People, The Starland Vocal Band Show)

1934 - Sonny (Christian) Jurgensen (Pro Football Hall of Famer: Washington Redskins QB: shares record for longest pass completion [99 yds. - 1968]; Philadelphia Eagles; broadcasting: sports announcer)

1934 - Johnny (John Anthony) Romano (‘Honey’: baseball: catcher: Chicago White Sox [World Series: 1959], Cleveland Indians [all-star: 1961, 1962], SL Cardinals)

1936 - Rudy Lewis (singer: group: Drifters: Up on the Roof, On Broadway; died May 20, 1964)

1940 - Tony Bill (actor: Barb Wire, Pee Wee’s Big Adventure, Shampoo, Ice Station Zebra, You’re a Big Boy Now, None But the Brave, Come Blow Your Horn, What Really Happened to the Class of ’65?; director: Next Door, Crazy People, The Princess and the Pea, My Bodyguard)

1942 - Patricia McBride (ballerina: New York City Ballet: for many years she was Mikhail Baryshnikov’s only partner)

1945 - Tom Boerwinkle (basketball: Chicago Bulls; died Mar 26, 2013)

1946 - Keith Moon (singer, drummer: group: The Who: Substitute, I’m a Boy, Happy Jack, Pinball Wizard, See Me, Feel Me; solo: Two Sides of the Moon; actor: Sextette, Tommy, That’ll Be the Day; died Sep 7, 1978)

1948 - Ron (Ronald Mark) Blomberg (‘Boomer’: baseball: NY Yankees [baseball's first designated hitter: 1-for-3 with an RBI and a run scored against the Red Sox at Fenway Park: Apr 6, 1973], Chicago White Sox)

1949 - Shelley Long (Emmy Award-winning actress: Cheers [1982-83]; Irreconcilable Differences, Outrageous Fortune, Troop Beverly Hills, Night Shift, Don’t Tell Her It’s Me, The Brady Bunch Movie, The Money Pit)

1949 - Rick Springfield (singer: Jessie’s Girl; actor: General Hospital, Hard to Hold, The Human Target)

1951 - Lisa Najeeb Halaby (Queen Noor) (widow of Jordan’s King Hussein; active in social and cultural circles in Jordan and internationally)

1951 - Mark Hudson (singer: group: The Hudson Brothers: So You are a Star; TV: The Hudson Brothers Show)

1951 - Jimi Jamison (singer: group: Survivor: I Can’t Hold Back, Burning Heart; died Sep 1, 2014)

1953 - Bobby G. (Gubby) (singer: group: Bucks Fizz: Making Your Mind Up, Land of Make Believe, My Camera Never Lies, Now Those Days are Gone, If You Can’t Stand the Heat, You and Your Eyes So Blue; solo singer, songwriter: theme for TV sitcom: Big Deal)

1962 - Shaun Ryder (singer: group: Happy Mondays)

1970 - River (Jude) Phoenix (actor: Running on Empty, Stand by Me, This Thing Called Love, Sneakers, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, Little Nikita, The Mosquito Coast, Seven Brides for Seven Brothers; died Oct 31, 1993)

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Chart Toppers - August 23
Mona Lisa - Nat King Cole
I Wanna Be Loved - The Andrews Sisters
Play a Simple Melody - Bing Crosby
I’m Moving On - Hank Snow

Nel Blu Dipinto Di Blu (Volare) - Domenico Modugno
Little Star - The Elegants
My True Love - Jack Scott
Alone with You - Faron Young

Summer in the City - The Lovin’ Spoonful
Sunny - Bobby Hebb
See You in September - The Happenings
Almost Persuaded - David Houston

The Night Chicago Died - Paper Lace
(You’re) Having My Baby - Paul Anka
Tell Me Something Good - Rufus
As Soon as I Hang Up the Phone - Conway Twitty & Loretta Lynn

Eye of the Tiger - Survivor
Hurts So Good - John Cougar
Abracadabra - The Steve Miller Band
Nobody - Sylvia

Vision of Love - Mariah Carey
Come Back to Me - Janet Jackson
If Wishes Came True - Sweet Sensation
Next to You, Next to Me - Shenandoah

Those were the days, my friend. We thought they‘d never end...

Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440fun.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams

Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International

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