Events - August 14
1848 - The U.S. Congress created the Oregon Territory, made up of today’s Oregon, Washington, Idaho and parts of Montana and Wyoming.
1880 - Exactly 632 years after rebuilding began, the Cologne Cathedral, Cologne, Germany, was completed ... only to be damaged again during WWII. The largest Gothic style cathedral in Northern Europe was first built on the same site in 873 A.D., but was destroyed by fire in 1248. Rebuilding began on this day in 1248.
1888 - Oliver B. Shallenberger of Rochester, PA received a patent (#388,003) for the electric meter. Without Shallenberger, we wouldn’t have to pay our electric bills, now would we?
1933 - WLW in Cincinnati, OH premiered "Ma Perkins". Just four months later, "Ma" moved to WMAQ Radio in Chicago and was heard over the entire NBC radio network. Virginia Payne was 23 years old when she started in the title role. Ma Perkins operated a lumberyard in Rushville Center. Her children were Evey, Fay and John (who was killed in the war). One of the other characters in the show was Shuffle Shober. Virginia Payne played Ma Perkins for 27 years -- and 7,065 episodes.
1935 - The U.S. Congress passed, and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed into law, a bill that established the Social Security Act. This act provided for the establishment of a Social Security Board to administer old-age and survivors insurance.
1936 - The first basketball competition was held at the Olympic Games -- in Berlin, Germany. The U.S. defeated Canada, 19-8.
1945 - This is the day that U.S. President Harry S Truman announced that Japan had surrendered to the Allies [WWII]. Thousands thronged into the streets throughout the United States to celebrate V-J Day. The official ratification of the surrender didn’t take place until September 2, in Tokyo Bay aboard the "USS Missouri".
1945 - CBS radio began the series, "Columbia Presents Corwin". Orson Welles did a special reading about the fall of Japan, titled, "Fourteen August".
1947 - Mildred ‘Babe’ Didrikson Zaharias turned golfing professional in order to accept $300,000 for a series of golf movies.
1953 - David N. Mullany and his 13-year-old son, David A. Mullany, while trying to come up with a ball that would curve every time it was thrown, wound up inventing the Wiffle Ball. The ball had oblong holes on the top half, and a solid bottom. The original Wiffle bat was wood, but for many years it has been a skinny yellow fungo-shaped plastic bat. You can still buy the bat-and-ball set for a few dollars.
1959 - The first meeting to organize the American Football League was held on this day.
1969 - The New York Mets were 9-1/2 games behind the league-leading Chicago Cubs. The Amazing Mets began a comeback that launched the phrase, “You Gotta Believe,” as they began a drive that took them to the National League pennant and the World Series Championship (over the Baltimore Orioles). It was the first championship for the Mets franchise which began in 1962.
1971 - Bob Gibson of the St. Louis Cardinals pitched a no-hitter against the Pittsburgh Pirates. It was the first no-hitter against the Pirates since 1955.
1971 - Elton John put the finishing touches to his "Madman Across the Water" LP at Trident Studios, London. He recorded "Indian Sunset", "Rotten Peaches" and the title song, "Madman Across the Water". "Tiny Dancer", "Levon", "Razor Face", "Holiday Inn", "All the Nasties" and "Goodbye" had been recorded earlier. Since the album’s release on Feb 2, 1972, it has sold over two million copies in the U.S. alone.
1976 - A charity picnic and softball game was staged to raise money for a new softball field and for the Community General Hospital in Monticello, NY. Gager’s Diner and Bend ’n Elbow Tavern fielded competing teams (a total of 50 men and 20 women) to play a 365-inning ball game. The game began at 10 a.m. and was finally called because of rain and fog at 4 p.m. the following day. The score was Gager’s Diner 491, Bend ’n Elbow Tavern 467.
1984 - Patricia (Patty) Ann Reagan married Paul Grilley on a movie set in California. The proud poppa, U.S. President Ronald Reagan, gave his daughter away in the private ceremony.
1984 - IBM released PC-DOS v3.0 for PC/AT (with network support). Remember those AT machines? A 286 processor, 20-30meg hard drive and 256k/512k RAM for somewhere between $6000 and $9000. Ah yes, those were the days.
1987 - Mark McGwire set the record for home runs by a rookie, as he connected for his 39th round-tripper of the season. He got the homer off of 317-game winner Don Sutton of the California Angels. McGwire led the the Oakland Athletics to a 7-6 win -- in 12 innings.
1994 - Nick Price won the PGA Championship at Southern Hills Tulsa, Oklahoma in record fashion. He finished at 11-under-par 269 for 72 holes, six strokes ahead of Corey Pavin. It was the lowest stroke total in any American major championship. That year Price also became one of only six players since 1945 to capture consecutive majors (w/Hogan, Nicklaus, Palmer, Trevino and Watson).
1998 - "The Avengers" opened in U.S. theatres. Academy Award nominees Ralph Fiennes and Uma Thurman played John Steed and Mrs. Emma Peel (the British agent and his clever partner). Based on the 1960s TV series, the movie version had Oscar-winner Sean Connery playing the “devilishly clever and completely evil” Sir August De Wynter. But all that talent didn’t pay off this time. The film cost $60 million to produce and earned only $25 million (at U.S. box offices).
Birthdays - August 14
1863 - Ernest Thayer (writer: Casey at the Bat; died Aug 21, 1940)
1867 - John Galsworthy (Nobel Prize-winning author ; The Forsyte Saga; died Jan 31, 1933)
1926 - Buddy (Armando) Greco (singer: Mr. Lonely, The Lady is a Tramp, I Ran All the Way Home; musician: piano; died Jan 10, 2017)
1926 - Alice Ghostley (actress: Designing Women, Bewitched, Mayberry R.F.D., The Graduate, To Kill a Mockingbird, With Six You Get Eggroll; died Sep 21, 2007)
1929 - Dick Tiger (Ihetu) (International Boxing Hall of Famer: world champion middleweight boxer [1962-1963, 1964], lightweight champion [1965-1968]; bouts: 81 [won 61, lost 17, drew 3, KOs 26]; died Dec 14, 1971)
1930 - Earl Weaver (baseball: Baltimore Orioles manager; TV analyst: ABC’s Monday Night Baseball, playoffs, World Series; autobiography: It’s What You Learn After You Know It All that Counts; died Jan 19, 2013)
1935 - John Brodie (College Football Hall of Famer: Stanford University quarterback; San Francisco 49ers; sportscaster: NBC Sports)
1937 - Joe (Joel Edward) Horlen (baseball: pitcher: Chicago White Sox [all-star: 1967], Oakland Athletics [World Series: 1972])
1940 - Dash Crofts (musician: drums, mandolin, keyboard: w/Champs: Tequila; singer: duo: Seals and Crofts: Summer Breeze, Diamond Girl, Get Closer, We May Never Pass This Way Again, You’re the Love, Hummingbird)
1941 - David Crosby (Van Cortland) (musician: guitar, songwriter: singer: Immigration Man; groups: The Byrds: Mr. Tambourine Man; Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young: Teach Your Children, Woodstock; Suite: Judy Blue Eyes)
1941 - Connie Smith (Meadows) (singer: Once a Day, Ain’t Had No Lovin’, The Hurtin’s All Over, Baby’s Back Again, Just One Time)
1945 - Joyce Kazmierski (golf: LPGA Tour pro; LPGA teaching pro; owner: Sun Spirit Golf Tours)
1945 - Steve Martin (Emmy Award-winning comedy writer: The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour [1968-69]; comedian, actor: All of Me, Roxanne, L.A. Story, Parenthood, Father of the Bride, Dead Men Don’t Wear Plaid, The Jerk, The Man with Two Brains, Three Amigos, Planes, Trains & Automobiles, Saturday Night Live)
1946 - Antonio Fargas (actor: Car Wash, I’m Gonna Git You Sucka!, Shaft, Starsky and Hutch)
1946 - Larry Graham (musician: bassist, singer: groups: Sly and the Family Stone; Graham Central Station: Your Love; solo: One in a Million, I Never Forgot Your Eyes)
1946 - Susan Saint James (Susan Jane Miller) (Emmy Award-winning actress: The Name of the Game [1968-69]; McMillan and Wife, Kate and Allie, Carbon Copy, Love at First Bite, Desperate Women)
1947 - Danielle Steel (Schuelein-Steel) (author: Vanished, Wanderlust, Daddy, The Ring, Secrets, Going Home)
1950 - Gary Larson (cartoonist: The Far Side)
1951 - Warren Capone (football: Dallas Cowboys linebacker: Super Bowl X)
1952 - Debbie Meyer (International Women’s Sports and Olympic Hall of Famer: the 1st swimmer to win three gold medals at one single Olympics [1968: 200, 400 & 800-meter]; 1968 Sullivan Award-winner; AP Woman Athlete of the Year )
1954 - Mark (Steven) Fidrych (‘The Bird’: baseball: pitcher: Detroit Tigers [Rookie of the Year: 1976/all-star: 1976, 1977; died Apr 13, 2009)
1956 - Jackée Harry (Emmy Award-winning actress: 227 ; Sister, Sister, The Royal Family)
1959 - Magic (Earvin Jr.) Johnson (basketball: LA Lakers: NBA individual record: career assists [9,921]; NBA MVP [1987, 89, 90]; Olympic Dream Team )
1961 - Susan Olsen (actress: The Bradys, The Brady Bunch Hour, The Brady Bunch)
1966 - Halle Berry (Academy Award-winning actress: Monster’s Ball ; Living Dolls, Knots Landing, Boomerang, Jungle Fever, Losing Isaiah, Executive Decision, Bulworth, Introducing Dorothy Dandridge, X-Men; first runner-up: Miss USA )
1968 - Catherine Bell (actress: JAG, Mother of the Bride, Crash Dive, Black Thunder, The Time Shifters)
Chart Toppers - August 14
Some Enchanted Evening - Perry Como
Bali Ha’i - Perry Como
Again - Doris Day
I’m Throwing Rice (At the Girl that I Love) - Eddy Arnold
(Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear - Elvis Presley
Love Letters in the Sand - Pat Boone
Tammy - Debbie Reynolds
Bye Bye Love - The Everly Brothers
I Got You Babe - Sonny & Cher
Save Your Heart for Me - Gary Lewis & The Playboys
Unchained Melody - The Righteous Brothers
The First Thing Ev’ry Morning (And the Last Thing Ev’ry Night) - Jimmy Dean
The Morning After - Maureen McGovern
Live and Let Die - Wings
Brother Louie - Stories
Trip to Heaven - Freddie Hart & The Heartbeats
Jessie’s Girl - Rick Springfield
Endless Love - Diana Ross & Lionel Richie
Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe It or Not) - Joey Scarbury
Too Many Lovers - Crystal Gayle
Right Here Waiting - Richard Marx
On Our Own - Bobby Brown
Once Bitten Twice Shy - Great White
Timber, I’m Falling in Love - Patty Loveless
Those were the days, my friend. We thought they‘d never end...
Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams
Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International
No portion of these files may be reproduced without the express, written permission of 440 International Inc.