Events - August 2
1769 - The city of Los Angeles was named on this day. Uh, sort of. Gaspar de Portola, a Spanish army captain, and Juan Crespi, a Franciscan priest, stopped on their way north from San Diego. They really liked the area and decided to name it Nuestra Senora la Reina de Los Angeles de Porciuncula, which means Smog-free Paradise. Hah! Just kidding. It really means Our Lady the Queen of the Angels of Porciuncula -- Porciuncula being a chapel in Italy.
1791 - Samuel Briggs and his son, Samuel Briggs, Jr., became the first father-son pair to receive a joint patent -- for their nail-making machine.
1823 - "The New York Mirror and Ladies Literary Gazette" was founded. The weekly newspaper later became the daily "New York Mirror".
1824 - Fifth Avenue was opened in New York City. It became one of the most famous thoroughfares in the world, the home of many beautiful, fashionable stores.
1876 - Wild Bill (James Butler) Hickok was gunned down by Jack McCall, a desperado from Texas, in Saloon #10 at Deadwood, in the Dakota Territory. Hickok was playing poker (with his back to the door) at the time of the shooting. McCall shot Wild Bill in the back, and was hanged for the shooting, never revealing his motive. The poker hand Hickok was holding when he died consisted of a pair of black aces and a pair of black eights. This combination became known as the dead man's hand.
1887 - Barbed wire was patented by Chester A. Hodge of Beloit, WI.
1907 - Walter Johnson pitched his first professional baseball game for the Washington Senators. He went on to fan 3,499 batters in his career.
1938 - The yellow baseball was first used in a test by the Brooklyn Dodgers and the St. Louis Cardinals in New York City. Ball players said that they had no preference for the yellow ball over the traditional white ball.
1943 - U.S. General George Patton had a bad day. He slapped and kicked U.S. Army Private C.H. Kuhl.
1943 - Lieutenant (j.g.) John F. Kennedy had a bad day, too. His "PT 109", with the future President of the U.S. on board, was rammed and sunk by the Japanese destroyer "Amigiri". Kennedy suffered a back injury that plagued him for the rest of his life. The story of the "PT 109" was told in Hollywood style in the 1963 movie, "PT 109", starring Cliff Robertson as JFK.
1984 - Charles Schulz’ award-winning comic strip was picked up by the "Daily Times" in Portsmouth, OH. With the addition of that paper, "Peanuts", featuring Charlie Brown, Snoopy, Lucy, Pigpen, Linus, Peppermint Pattie, Woodstock and the gang, became the first comic strip to appear in 2,000 newspapers.
1990 - As Iraq invaded Kuwait, the Emir fled to Saudi Arabia. The U.N. Security Council unanimously condemned the Iraqi occupation and not only imposed a complete blockade on Iraq, but authorized member states to reverse the invasion by any and all means.
1992 - Rollie Fingers, Bill McGowan, Hal Newhouser and Tom Seaver were inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York.
Birthdays - August 2
1754 - Pierre Charles L’Enfant (architect, engineer, Revolutionary War officer: designed the plan for city of Washington D.C.; died June 14, 1825)
1834 - Frederic Bartholdi (sculptor: Statue of Liberty, Lion of Belfort; died Oct 4, 1904)
1871 - John Sloan (artist: South Beach Bathers; cofounder of Ashcan Art; died Sep 7, 1951)
1892 - Jack L. (Leonard) Warner (Eichelbaum) (movie mogul: one of Hollywood’s famed Warner Brothers; died Sep 9, 1978)
1894 - Westbrook Pegler (1940s journalist, columnist: anti-communist McCarthyist newspaper man and syndicated columnist: awareded Pulitzer Prize for expose on union racketeering ; died June 24, 1969)
1900 - Helen Morgan (Riggins) (singer, actress: Frankie and Johnny, Show Boat, Applause; died Oct 8, 1941)
1905 - Myrna Loy (Williams) (actress: Thin Man movies, Airport, Topaz, Midnight Lace; died Dec 14, 1993)
1911 - Ann Dvorak (Anna McKim) (actress: A Life of Her Own, Abilene Town, Scarface; died Dec 10, 1979)
1914 - Beatrice Straight (Academy Award-winning actress: Network ; Poltergeist, Bloodline, Endless Love; Tony Award: The Crucible ; died Apr 7, 2001)
1915 - Gary Merrill (actor: The Seekers, Twelve O’Clock High, All About Eve, The Great Impostor; died Mar 5, 1990)
1922 - Paul Laxalt (U.S. Senator)
1924 - James Baldwin (author: Go Tell It on the Mountain; died Dec 1, 1987)
1924 - Carroll O’Connor (Emmy Award-winning actor: All in the Family [1971-1972, 1976-1977, 1977-1978, 1978-1979], In the Heat of the Night [1988-1989]; Cleopatra, The Devil’s Brigade, In Harm’s Way, Kelly’s Heroes, Marlowe; died June 21, 2001)
1924 - Joe Harnell (conductor/arranger: Fly Me to the Moon; died July 14, 2005)
1925 - John Dexter (opera director: Mid-America Chorale, M Butterfly, Le Rossignol, The Abduction from the Seraglio)
1932 - Peter O’Toole (actor: Lawrence of Arabia, Becket, A Lion in Winter, The Last Emperor; autobiography: Loitering with Intent; died Dec 14, 2013)
1935 - Hank Cochran (songwriter: A Little Bitty Tear, Funny Way of Laughing, Make the World Go Away, I Fall to Pieces)
1937 - Dave (David) Balon (hockey: NHL: NY Rangers, Montreal Canadiens, Minnesota North Stars, Vancouver Canucks)
1937 - Garth Hudson (musician: keyboard: group: The Band: Up on Cripple Creek, The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down)
1939 - Wes Craven (author: A Nightmare on Elm Street; director: Vampire in Brooklyn, The People Under the Stairs, Shocker, A Nightmare on Elm Street, Swamp Thing, Summer of Fear, The Hills Have Eyes series, Last House on the Left; died Aug 30, 2015)
1941 - Doris Kenner-Jackson (singer: group: The Shirelles: Will You Love Me Tomorrow, Soldier Boy, I Met Him on a Sunday, Tonight’s the Night, Dedicated to the One I Love, Mama Said; died Feb 4, 2000)
1943 - Tom (Thomas Henry) Burgmeier (baseball: pitcher: California Angels, KC Royals, Minnesota Twins, Boston Red Sox [all-star: 1980], Oakland Athletics)
1943 - Kathy Lennon (singer: group: The Lennon Sisters: The Lawrence Welk Show)
1943 - Max Wright (actor: ALF, Buffalo Bill, Misadventures of Sheriff Lobo, White Mile, Touch and Go, Fraternity Vacation)
1945 - Joanna Cassidy (actress: Blade Runner, Don’t Tell Mom the Babysitter’s Dead, Under Fire, Who Framed Roger Rabbit?, The Package, Buffalo Bill)
1950 - Kathryn Harrold (actress: MacGruder & Loud, The Bronx Zoo, I’ll Fly Away, The Larry Sanders Show, The Companion, Deadly Desire, Into the Night, Heartbreakers, The Pursuit of D.B. Cooper, Modern Romance, The Hunter, Nightwing)
1951 - Andrew Gold (singer: Lonely Boy, Thank You for Being a Friend; son of composer Ernest Gold; died Jun 3, 2011)
1959 - Victoria Jackson (actress: Saturday Night Live, Half Nelson, Based on an Untrue Story, I Love You to Death, Family Business, The Pick-Up Artist, Baby Boom)
1960 - Linda Fratianne (Olympic silver medalist: figure skating ; Walt Disney’s World on Ice)
1964 - Mary-Louise Parker (actress: Sugartime, A Place for Annie, The Client, Bullets over Broadway, Naked in New York, Fried Green Tomatoes, Signs of Life)
1966 - Tim Wakefield (baseball: pitcher: Pittsburgh Pirates, Boston Red Sox)
Chart Toppers - August 2
The More I See You - Dick Haymes
Dream - The Pied Pipers
Sentimental Journey - The Les Brown Orchestra (vocal: Doris Day)
Oklahoma Hills - Jack Guthrie
I’m Walking Behind You - Eddie Fisher
No Other Love - Perry Como
Ruby - Richard Hayman
Rub-A-Dub-Dub - Hank Thompson
Tossin’ and Turnin’ - Bobby Lewis
I Like It Like That - Chris Kenner
Dum Dum - Brenda Lee
Heartbreak U.S.A. - Kitty Wells
In the Year 2525 - Zager & Evans
Crystal Blue Persuasion - Tommy James & The Shondells
What Does It Take (To Win Your Love) - Jr. Walker & The All Stars
Johnny B. Goode - Buck Owens
I Just Want to Be Your Everything - Andy Gibb
I’m in You - Peter Frampton
My Heart Belongs to Me - Barbra Streisand
It was Almost like a Song - Ronnie Milsap
Everytime You Go Away - Paul Young
Shout - Tears For Fears
You Give Good Love - Whitney Houston
Love Don’t Care (Whose Heart It Breaks) - Earl Thomas Conley
Those were the days, my friend. We thought they‘d never end...
Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams
Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International
No portion of these files may be reproduced without the express, written permission of 440 International Inc.