440 International Those Were the Days
April 25

Events - April 25
1507 - Mapmaker and geographer Martin Waldseemuller of Germany explained why the world map he was making would show the new world as ‘Amerige’ (the land of Amerigo). In his book, "Cosmographiae Introductio", he wrote, “Inasmuch as both Europe and Asia received their names from women, I see no reason why any one should justly object to calling this part Amerige, i.e., the land of Amerigo, or America, after Amerigo, its discoverer, a man of great ability.” And so, Waldseemuller printed one thousand maps with Amerige printed on the part of the world we now call South America. It wasn't long before ‘America’ was applied to both the North and South American continents ... and, as you may have noted, America is still a part of our maps and our geography lessons.

1831 - The New York and Harlem Railway was incorporated in New York City.

1928 - Buddy, the first seeing eye dog, was presented to Morris S. Frank on this day. Many seeing eye organizations and schools continue to offer specially trained dogs “...to enhance the independence, dignity, and self-confidence of blind people...” (visit http://www.seeingeye.org/).

1938 - "Your Family and Mine", a radio serial, was first broadcast.

1940 - W2XBS (now WCBS-TV) in New York City presented the first circus on TV. No, it wasn’t a political debate or a daytime tabloid talk show. It was a three-hour special broadcast from Madison Square Garden.

1943 - Rufus Gentry, playing for Buffalo in the International Baseball League, tied a record originally set in 1916 by winning an 11-inning, no-hitter. Buffalo defeated Newark 1-0.

1946 - The popular Jimmie Lunceford Orchestra recorded "Cement Mixer" for Majestic records, tapes and CDs this day. Well, not tapes and CDs. We were still listening to 78s back then ... thick, heavy ones, at that.

1953 - NBC-TV presented "Ethel and Albert", the video version of the popular radio show. Peg Lynch and Alan Bunce starred in the program.

1954 - The prototype manufacture of a new solar battery was announced by the Bell Laboratories in New York City.

1959 - The St. Lawrence Seaway opened to traffic, saving shippers millions of dollars. By going from the sea to the Great Lakes across upstate New York, folks no longer had to ship goods the long, costly way over land.

1967 - Colorado Governor John Love signed the first law legalizing abortion in the United States. The law was limited to therapeutic abortions when agreed to, unanimously, by a panel of three physicians.

1970 - DJs around the U.S. played the new number one song, "ABC", quite often, as The Jackson 5 reached the number one spot in pop music for two weeks. "ABC" was the second of four number one songs in a row for the group from Gary, IN. "I Want You Back" was their first. "ABC" was one of 23 hits for Michael, Tito, Jackie, Jermaine and Marlon. "ABC" was knocked out of first place by The Guess Who and their hit, "American Woman". I’m Casey Kasem. And the countdown continues...

1972 - Bill Sharman, ending his first year as head coach of the Los Angeles Lakers, was named Coach of the Year in the National Basketball Association (NBA). Sharman had a first year record of 69 wins and 13 losses.

1973 - The group, The Sweet, received a gold record for the hit "Little Willy". The English rocker band recorded four hits in addition to their first million-seller, "Ballroom Blitz", "Fox on the Run", "Action" and "Love is like Oxygen". "Little Willy" was a top-three hit, while the group’s other gold record winner, "Fox on the Run" made it to the top five.

1985 - "Big River (The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn)" opened at the Eugene O’Neill Theatre on Broadway in New York City. The Tony Award-winning score for the show was written by Roger Miller (his first Broadway production). The show, about life on the Mississippi, with Daniel Jenkins in the starring role of Huck Finn, ran for 1,005 performances and won the Tony for Best Musical of the Year. "Big River" picked up several more Tony Awards: Featured Actor in a Musical to Ron Richardson; Best Director (Musical) to Des McAnuff; Best Book (Musical) to William Hauptman; and Best Scenic Designer and Lighting Designer to Heidi Landesman and Richard Riddell respectively.

1999 - More than 70,000 mourners gathered in Littleton, Colorado to honor the victims of the Columbine High School massacre five days earlier. “All of us must change our lives to honor these children,” Vice President Al Gore told the crowd a few blocks from the high school. “More than ever, I realize every one of us is responsible for all of the children.”

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Birthdays - April 25
1874 - Guglielmo Marconi (‘Father of Radio’: inventor: 1909 Nobel Laureate in Physics: wireless telegraphy [the transmission of Morse Code over electromagnetic energy]; died July 20, 1937)

1906 - William J. Brennan Jr. (Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court: authored more than 1,200 opinions, including many landmarks: free press [New York Times v. Sullivan], women’s rights [Frontiero v. Richardson], reapportionment [Baker v. Carr], civil rights [Cooper v. Aaron, Green v. County School Board]; died July 24, 1997)

1908 - Edward R. (Roscoe) Murrow (newsman: You are There, Person to Person; former head U.S. Information Agency; died Apr 27, 1965)

1913 - Earl Bostic (alto sax player, bandleader: Flamingo, Sleep, You Go to My Head, Cherokee, Temptation; died Oct 28, 1965)

1915 - Sal Franzella (jazz musician: alto sax, clarinet: group: Sal Franzella & the Accordionaires: Yesterdays, Oh Marie, Paradise)

1916 - Jerry Barber (golfer: PGA Champion [1961: Barber & Don January tied at 277, Barber won playoff 67 to 68]; died Sep 9, 1994)

1917 - Ella Fitzgerald (Grammy Award-winning singer [12]: Bill Bailey Won’t You Please Come Home, Mack the Knife, A-Tisket, A-Tasket; died June 15, 1996)

1921 - Melissa Hayden (Mildred Herman) (ballerina: New York City Ballet; died Aug 9, 2006)

1923 - Albert King (Nelson) (blues singer, guitarist: Don’t Throw Your Love on Me So Strong, Think Twice before You Speak, Born under a Bad Sign, Cold Feet; died Dec 21, 1992)

1930 - Paul Mazursky (director: Harry and Tonto, An Unmarried Woman, Scenes from a Mall, The Pickle, Moscow on the Hudson, Down and Out in Beverly Hills, Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice, The Tempest; died Jun 30, 2014)

1932 - Willis ‘Gator’ Jackson (composer, tenor sax: invented the gator horn: Chuck’s Chuckles, Dance of the Lady Bug, Back Door, Later Gator; married to singer Ruth Brown; died Oct 25, 1987)

1932 - Meadowlark (George) Lemon (basketball: Harlem Globetrotters; died Dec 27, 2015)

1933 - Jerry Leiber (record producer with Mike Stoller: Hard Times, Smokey Joe’s Cafe, Up on the Roof, On Broadway; died Aug 22, 2011)

1933 - J. Anthony Lukas (Pulitzer Prize-winning author: Common Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families; died June 5, 1997)

1935 - Robert Gutowski (U.S. pole vaulter: world record: 4.78m. [April 27, 1957; died Aug 2, 1960)

1940 - Al (Alfredo James) Pacino (Academy Award-winning actor: Scent of a Woman [1992]; Scarface, Serpico, The Godfather, Dick Tracy; Tony Award-winning actor: Does a Tiger Wear a Necktie [1969], The Basic Training of Pavlo Hummel [1977])

1945 - Stu Cook (musician: bass: group: Creedence Clearwater Revival: Susie Q, Proud Mary, Keep on Chooglin’, Green River, Lodi, Bad Moon Rising, Wrote a Song for Everyone, Midnight Special, Down on the Corner, Up Around the Bend, Lookin’ Out My Back Door, Who’ll Stop the Rain, Have You Ever Seen the Rain, Someday Never Comes)

1945 - Bjorn Ulvaeus (musician: guitar, singer: group: Abba: Waterloo, Dancing Queen, I Have a Dream, LPs: The Album, Voulez-Vous, Super Trouper, The Visitors, Spanish Album, Arrival)

1946 - Terry Hermeling (football: Washington Redskins tackle: Super Bowl VII)

1946 - Talia Shire (Coppola) (actress: Godfather series, Rocky series, For Richer, For Poorer, A Century of Women, Blood Vows)

1947 - Jeffrey DeMunn (actor: Ragtime, Frances, The Shawshank Redemption, Rocket Man, The X Files, The Green Mile)

1949 - Michael Brown (Lookofsky) (musician: keyboards: group: The Left Banke: Walk Away Renee, Pretty Ballerina, Desiree; died Mar 19, 2015)

1952 - Don Martineau (hockey: NHL: Atlanta Flames, Minnesota North Stars, Detroit Red Wings [all-star: 1976-1977])

1964 - Andy Bell (singer: group: Erasure: Sometimes, LP: Wonderland)

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Chart Toppers - April 25
Heartaches - The Ted Weems Orchestra (whistler: Elmo Tanner)
The Anniversary Song - Dinah Shore
Linda - Buddy Clark with the Ray Noble Orchestra
So Round, So Firm, So Fully Packed - Merle Travis

The Ballad of Davy Crockett - Bill Hayes
Unchained Melody - Les Baxter
Unchained Melody - Al Hibler
In the Jailhouse Now - Webb Pierce

He’s So Fine - The Chiffons
Can’t Get Used to Losing You - Andy Williams
I Will Follow Him - Little Peggy March
Still - Bill Anderson

Joy to the World - Three Dog Night
Put Your Hand in the Hand - Ocean
Never Can Say Goodbye - The Jackson 5
Empty Arms - Sonny James

Knock on Wood - Amii Stewart
Heart of Glass - Blondie
Music Box Dancer - Frank Mills
All I Ever Need is You - Kenny Rogers & Dottie West

I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me) - Aretha Franklin & George Michael
Don’t Dream It’s Over - Crowded House
Sign ’o’ the Times - Prince
Rose in Paradise - Waylon Jennings

Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...

Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440fun.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams

Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International

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