440 International Those Were the Days
April 5

Events - April 5
1869 - Daniel Bakeman, the last surviving soldier of the Revolutionary War, died at the age of 109.

1915 - Jess Willard knocked out Jack Johnson in the 26th round to win the heavyweight boxing championship held in Havana, Cuba. Gee, anybody who goes 26 rounds would probably wish to be knocked out by that time...

1923 - Firestone Tire and Rubber Company of Akron, OH began the first regular production of balloon tires.

1933 - The first operation to remove a lung was performed -- at Barnes Hospital in St. Louis, MO.

1955 - Richard J. Daley was elected mayor of Chicago, IL, starting one of the most colorful political careers not only of the Windy City, but anywhere.

1958 - Johnny Mathis’ album, "Johnny’s Greatest Hits", on Columbia Records, made it to the pop music charts for the first time. The LP remained on the charts for a record 490 weeks (nearly 9-1/2 years!) The record began its stay at number one (three weeks) on June 9, 1958. Mathis studied opera from age 13 and earned a track and field scholarship at San Francisco State College. He was invited to Olympic try-outs and chose a singing career instead. He was originally a jazz-style singer when Mitch Miller of Columbia switched Mathis to singing pop ballads. Johnny would chart over 60 albums in 30 years.

1965 - Two very British but very different women were the cause of much celebration at the 37th Annual Academy Awards at the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium, Los Angeles. "My Fair Lady" and "Mary Poppins" vied for Best Picture as did "Alexis Zorbas"; "Becket"; and "Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb". And the winner was ... "My Fair Lady" (Jack L. Warner, producer). "My Fair Lady" was the name in the winner’s envelope seven more times: Best Director (George Cukor); Best Actor (Rex Harrison); Best Cinematography/Color (Harry Stradling); Best Art Direction-Set Decoration/Color (Gene Allen, Cecil Beaton, George James Hopkins); Best Costume Design/Color (Cecil Beaton); Best Sound (George Groves-Warner Bros. Studio Sound Dept.); and Best Music/Scoring of Music, Adaptation or Treatment (André Previn). "Mary Poppins" was not about to let Eliza Doolittle steal all her thunder. Julie Andrews was awarded an Oscar for Best Actress for her title role; Cotton Warburton won for Best Film Editing; Peter Ellenshaw, Hamilton Luske, Eustace Lycett for Best Effects, Special Visual Effects and Richard M. Sherman and Robert B. Sherman won for Best Music/Song ("Chim Chim Cher-ee" from "Mary Poppins") and for Best Music/Score-Substantially Original. The two remaining crowd-pleaser awards went to Peter Ustinov in "Topkapi" for Best Supporting Actor and to Lila Kedrova in "Alexis Zorbas" for Best Supporting Actress. The host for this gala ceremony was Bob Hope.

1966 - Timothy Leary spoke at New York’s Town Hall and compared LSD to a microscope saying that the drug “is to psychology what the microscope is to biology,” making not just a few to wonder, “What’s he smokin’?”

1982 - After years of publication to the radio and recording industry, "Record World" magazine ceased publication and filed for bankruptcy protection.

1984 - Kareem Abdul-Jabbar of the Los Angeles Lakers used his patented 12-foot skyhook in the fourth quarter to become the all-time NBA regular season scoring leader this night. He broke the previous mark held by Wilt Chamberlain who had 31,419 points. Kareem broke the scoring record on a pass play from Magic Johnson and with three Utah Jazz players guarding him. The Lakers won, 129-115.

1985 - Broadcasters banded together to play the single, "We Are the World", between 10 and 11 a.m. E.S.T. Stations in the United States were joined by hundreds of others around the world in a sign of unification for the African relief cause. Even Muzak made the song only the second vocal selection it has ever played in elevators and offices since its inception.

1987 - Calling it the first launching of a television network in almost 40 years, the FOX Broadcasting Company, under the direction of media and publishing baron Rupert Murdoch started with two Sunday night offerings. OK. Who said one was "The Simpsons"? “Hey, man, get a life. Not true. Cowabonga, dude!” Thanks, Bart. No, actually, "Married......With Children" and "The Tracey Ullman Show" were the beginnings of the FOX lineup.

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Birthdays - April 5
1827 - Joseph Lister (British surgeon, inventor: Listerine mouthwash; President of the Royal Society [1895 to 1900]; died Feb 10, 1912)

1856 - Booker T. Washington (educator, black leader, author: Up from Slavery; died Nov 14, 1915)

1900 - Spencer (Bonaventure) Tracy (Academy Award-winning actor: Captains Courageous [1937], Boys Town [1938]; San Francisco, Stanley and Livingstone, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde [1941], Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo, Adam’s Rib, Father of the Bride [1950], Pat and Mike, Bad Day at Black Rock, The Mountain, The Old Man and the Sea, How the West Was Won, It’s a Mad Mad Mad Mad World, Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner; passed away June 10, 1967)

1901 - Melvyn Douglas (Melvyn Edouard Hesselberg) (Academy Award-winning [supporting] actor: Hud [1963], Being There [1979]; The Vampire Bat, Captains Courageous, Ninotchka, Three Hearts for Julia, Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House, The Americanization of Emily, I Never Sang for My Father, The Candidate, The Seduction of Joe Tynan, The Changeling, Ghost Story; passed away Aug 4, 1981)

1908 - Bette (Ruth Elizabeth) Davis (Academy Award-winning actress: Dangerous [1935], Jezebel [1938]; Dark Victory, The Letter, The Little Foxes, Now, Voyager, Mr. Skeffington, All About Eve, The Star, What Ever Happened to Baby Jane?; passed away Oct 6, 1989)

1908 - Jagjivan Ram (political leader: India; died in July 6, 1986)

1916 - (Eldred) Gregory Peck (Academy Award-winning actor: To Kill a Mockingbird [1962]; The Keys of the Kingdom, The Yearling, Duel in the Sun, Gentleman’s Agreement, Twelve O’Clock High, David and Bathsheba, Captain Horatio Hornblower, The Snows of Kilimanjaro, Roman Holiday, The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit, Moby Dick [1956], The Guns of Navarone, Marooned, MacArthur, The Boys from Brazil, Moby Dick [TV: 1998]; Jean Hersholt Humanitarian (Academy) Award [1968]; died June 12, 2003)

1920 - Arthur Hailey (author: Airport, The Final Diagnosis; died Nov 25, 2004)

1921 - Robert Q. Lewis (comedian, TV quiz show panelist: What’s My Line, To Tell the Truth, Call My Bluff; died Dec 11, 1991)

1922 - Gale Storm (Josephine Cottle) (singer: Ivory Tower, actress: My Little Margie; died Jun 27, 2009)

1926 - Roger Corman (director: The St. Valentine’s Day Massacre, Masque of the Red Death, The Raven, Little Shop of Horrors, The Fall of the House of Usher, Swamp Women)

1926 - Stan Levey (musician: drums: in band with Charlie Parker; one of the Lighthouse All-Stars; composer; died Apr 19, 2005)

1928 - Tony Williams (singer: group: The Platters: Only You, The Great Pretender, Twilight Time, My Prayer, Smoke Gets In Your Eyes, Harbor Lights; died Aug 14, 1992)

1929 - Nigel Hawthorne (actor: Richard III, Demolition Man, Firefox, Young Winston, Gandhi; died Dec 26, 2001)

1932 - Billy Bland (singer: Let the Little Girl Dance, My Heart’s on Fire; died Mar 22, 2017)

1933 - Frank Gorshin (impressionist, actor: Batman, The Great Impostor; died May 17, 2005)

1934 - Stanley Turrentine (jazz musician: tenor sax; one of the ‘Pittsburgh Brethren’; played with Tommy Turrentine [his brother], Lowell Fulson, Tadd Dameron, Earl Bostic, Max Roach; his hits included: The Look of Love, Midnight Special, Look Out, Pieces of a Dream, Straight Ahead, Wonderland, La Place; died Sep 12, 2000)

1937 - Colin Powell (U.S. Secretary of State [2001-2005]; military leader: four-star general, Chairman U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff [1989-1993])

1940 - Tommy Cash (songwriter: You Don’t Hear; country singer: Six White Horses, Rise and Shine, One Song Away, I Recall a Gypsy Woman; brother of Johnny Cash)

1941 - Michael Moriarty (actor: Bang the Drum Slowly, The Last Detail, Windmills of the Gods)

1942 - Peter Greenaway (director, writer: Prospero’s Books, The Belly of an Architect, The Cook, the Thief, His Wife and Her Lover, A Zed & Two Noughts, Drowning by Numbers, The Draughtsman’s Contract)

1943 - Max Gail (actor: Sodbusters, D.C. Cab, Night Moves, Barney Miller, Whiz Kids, Normal Life, Pearl)

1945 - Doug Favell (hockey: Univ. of Colorado; NHL: Philadelphia Flyers, Toronto Maple Leafs, Colorado Rockies)

1946 - Jane Asher (actress: Dreamchild, Masque of the Red Death, The Prince and the Pauper, Brideshead Revisited)

1949 - Dr. Judith A. Resnik (electrical engineer, astronaut: mission specialist on the ill-fated space shuttle Challenger [died Jan 28, 1986])

1950 - Marv Bateman (football: Buffalo Bills, Washington Redskins, LA Rams)

1950 - Agnetha Faltskog (singer: group: Abba: People Need Love, Waterloo, Dancing Queen; solo: Can’t Shake Loose)

1951 - Rennie (Renaldo Antonio Porte) Stennett (baseball: Pittsburgh Pirates [shares record: seven hits in nine-inning game - 9/16/75/World Series: 1979], SF Giants)

1951 - Brad Van Pelt (football: Michigan State Univ. [Maxwell Award Winner: 1972], Buffalo Bills, NY Giants; died Feb 17, 2009)

1966 - Mike McCready (musician: guitar: group: Pearl Jam)

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Chart Toppers - April 5
If - Perry Como
Mockingbird Hill -Patti Page
Aba Daba Honeymoon - Debbie Reynolds and Carleton Carpenter
The Rhumba Boogie - Hank Snow

Venus - Frankie Avalon
Come Softly to Me - The Fleetwoods
It’s Just a Matter of Time - Brook Benton
When It’s Springtime in Alaska (It’s Forty Below) - Johnny Horton

Happy Together - The Turtles
Dedicated to the One I Love - The Mamas & The Papas
Somethin’ Stupid - Nancy Sinatra & Frank Sinatra
Walk Through This World with Me - George Jones

Lovin’ You - Minnie Riperton
Philadelphia Freedom - The Elton John Band
No No Song/Snookeroo - Ringo Starr
I Just Can’t Get Her Out of My Mind - Johnny Rodriguez

Billy Jean - Michael Jackson
Do You Really Want to Hurt Me - Culture Club
Hungry like the Wolf - Duran Duran
When I’m Away from You - The Bellamy Brothers

Coming Out of the Dark - Gloria Estafan
This House - Tracie Spencer
Hold You Tight - Tara Kemp
Two of a Kind, Workin’ on a Full House - Garth Brooks

Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...

Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440fun.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams

Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International

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