Events - September 3
1783 - The Revolutionary War ended on this day. A treaty was signed by Great Britain and the United States in Paris, France. The treaty bears the signatures of Benjamin Franklin, John Adams and John Jay.
1833 - The first successful one-cent (or penny) newspaper was published. Benjamin H. Day issued the first copy of "The New York Sun". By 1836, "The Sun" had the largest circulation in the U.S.: 30,000. Wouldn’t he be surprised at how successful a paper can be selling at a buck instead of a penny!
1838 - Frederick Douglass, a black man, boarded a train in the slave state of Maryland, dressed as a sailor with borrowed ID papers. He rode the train to Wilmington, Delaware. There he caught a steamboat to Philadelphia. Philadelphia, the City of Brotherly Love, was a free city. There Douglass transferred to a train that took him to New York City -- also a free city. It was in New York that he was helped by the underground railway network to freedom. Frederick Douglass became one of the nation’s strongest abolitionists, fighting for the struggle against slavery and one of America’s greatest orators. He published the weekly "North Star" which was later titled, "Frederick Douglass’ Paper", to reach the black people. It was mostly through his urging that there were black troops serving in the Civil War. His autobiography, "Life and Times", is a narrative classic of escape to freedom.
1895 - The first professional football game was played -- in Latrobe, PA. The Latrobe YMCA defeated the Jeannette Athletic Club 12-0. Since 1967, St. Vincent College in Latrobe has been the home of the Pittsburgh Steelers training camp.
1929 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed at 381.17. It was the peak of the bull market of the 1920s.
1935 - Sir Malcolm Campbell became the first person to drive an automobile over 300 miles an hour. Campbell drove his Bluebird Special on the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah at a speed of 301.13 MPH.
1939 - Britain’s Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain, announced the declaration of war against Germany at 11:15 a.m. The British ultimatum to halt the German invasion of Poland had expired at 11:00 a.m. (GMT).
1940 - Artie Shaw and the Gramercy Five recorded "Summit Ridge Drive" for Victor Records.
1942 - Frank Sinatra bid adieu to the Tommy Dorsey Band as he started his solo singing career.
1951 - What was to become the longest-running TV serial (or soap opera) was seen for the first time. "Search for Tomorrow" debuted on CBS-TV.
1954 - "The Lone Ranger" was heard on radio for the final time after 2,956 episodes spanning 21 years. Many of the original ABC radio shows later became available through syndication and can still be heard on stations brave enough to air dramas in today’s radio world of talk and music.
1963 - Reprise Records, owned by Frank Sinatra, became part of Warner Brothers Records. The ‘Chairman of the Board’ continued to record for the label.
1967 - After 17 years, "What’s My Line" aired for the final time on CBS-TV. The host of the show was John Daly. Panelists on the first show were: Dorothy Kilgallen, Louis Untermeyer, Dr. Richard Hoffman and New Jersey Governor Harold Hoffman. Arlene Francis and Bennett Cerf joined the show a short time later. Kilgallen, Cerf and Francis were the continuing regulars for fifteen years. Fred Allen, Hal Block and Steve Allen served as panelists for short stints at different times.
1971 - "The Lawrence Welk Show" was seen for the last time on ABC-TV. ABC felt the show attracted “too old an audience ... not good for attracting advertisers.” Syndication allowed the champagne music to continue until 1982 as a weekly favorite for millions of people. Welk charted a half-dozen tunes on the pop music charts between 1956 and 1961, including the number one song, "Calcutta", in 1960. A one and a two...
1973 - David Pearson became the first racecar driver to earn one million dollars in career earnings. Pearson finished second in the Southern 500 stock-car race in Darlington, SC. Other drivers to make the big bucks at the time were Richard Petty, A.J. Foyt, Al Unser, Sr. and Mario Andretti.
1981 - David Brinkley ended an illustrious 38-year career with NBC News this day. ABC had offered him an opportunity too good to refuse.
1984 - Bruce Sutter of the St. Louis Cardinals set a National League record by earning his 38th save of the season. Three hurlers had previously held the record, Clay Carroll, Rollie Fingers and Sutter, with 37 saves. The Cardinals defeated the New York Mets, 7-3.
1986 - Peat Marwick International and Klynveld Main Goerdeler of the Netherlands agreed to merge, forming the world’s largest accounting firm.
Birthdays - September 3
1596 - Nicolo Amati (violin maker; died Apr 12, 1684)
1875 - Ferdinand Porsche (auto designer; died Jan 30, 1951)
1910 - Kitty Carlisle (Catherine Conn) (actress: A Night at the Opera; panelist: To Tell the Truth; died Apr 17, 2007)
1913 - Alan (Walbridge) Ladd (actor: The Carpetbaggers, Citizen Kane, Shane, Star Spangled Rhythm, This Gun for Hire; actress Cheryl Ladd’s father-in-law [she married Alan's son David]; died Jan 29, 1964)
1916 - Eddie (Edward Raymond) Stanky (‘The Brat’, ‘Muggsy’: baseball: Chicago Cubs, Brooklyn Dodgers [World Series: 1947/all-star: 1947], Boston Braves [World Series: 1948/all-star: 1948], NY Giants [World Series: 1950/all-star: 1951/record for walks in a row (7 in 1950)], SL Cardinals; manager: SL Cardinals, Chicago White Sox; died June 6, 1999)
1923 - Mort Walker (Addison) (cartoonist: Beetle Bailey, Hi and Lois)
1925 - Hank (Henry Williams) Thompson (‘Crown Prince of Country Music’: singer: Humpty Dumpty Heart, Wild Side of Life, A Six-Pack to Go, Oklahoma Hills; group: The Brazos Valley Boys; died Nov 6, 2007)
1926 - Anne Jackson (actress: Lovers and Other Strangers, Lost in Yonkers, A Woman Called Golda, Funny About Love; died Apr 12, 2016)
1931 - Dick Motta (basketball: coach: Chicago Bulls, Washington Bullets, Dallas Mavericks, Sacramento Kings, Denver Nuggets)
1932 - Eileen Brennan (Emmy Award-winning actress: Private Benjamin [1980-81]; A New Kind of Family, Off the Rack, Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In, The Last Picture Show, Stella, The Sting, FM; died Jul 28, 2013)
1933 - Tompall (Tom Paul) Glaser (singer: group: The Glaser Brothers: Lovin’ Her Was Easier, Just One Time, I Still Love You, Gone on the Other Hand, Through the Eyes of Love, One of These Days, California Girl, Gone Girl, Rings, Ain’t It All Worth Living; songwriter: Running Gun, Stand Beside Me, Streets of Baltimore; solo: Musical Chairs, It’ll Be Her; sang backup on El Paso; died Aug 13, 2013)
1936 - Steve (Stephen) Boros (baseball: Detroit Tigers, Chicago Cubs, Cincinnati Reds; died Dec 29, 2010)
1940 - Pauline Collins (Tony Award-winning actress: Shirley Valentine ; City of Joy, Upstairs, Downstairs)
1942 - Al Jardine (songwriter, singer, musician: bass, guitar: group: The Beach Boys: Surfin’, Lady Lynda)
1942 - Gary Jarrett (hockey: NHL: Toronto Maple Leafs, Detroit Red Wings, Oakland Seals, California Golden Seals)
1943 - Dave Eichelberger (golf: Senior PGA Tour pro)
1943 - Valerie Perrine (actress: Lenny, W.C. Fields and Me, Superman, Boiling Point, Sweet Bird of Youth, Leo & Liz in Beverly Hills)
1945 - George Biondo (musician: group: Steppenwolf: Born to Be Wild)
1948 - Donald Brewer (musician: drums, songwriter: groups: Silver Bullet Band, Flint, Grand Funk Railroad: We’re an American Band, Walk like a Man, Shinin’ On, Some Kind of Wonderful, Bad Time)
1949 - Ray Easterling (football: Univ. of Richmond, Atlanta Falcons)
1965 - Charlie Sheen (Carlos Irwin Estevez) (actor: Two and a Half Men, Wall Street, Platoon, Hot Shots, The Chase, Men at Work, Young Guns, Major League, Major League II, Being John Malkovich, Spin City; brother of actor Emilio Estevez, son of actor Martin Sheen)
Chart Toppers - September 3
Till the End of Time - Perry Como
On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe - Johnny Mercer
Gotta Be This or That - Benny Goodman
You Two Timed Me One Time Too Often - Tex Ritter
I’m Walking Behind You - Eddie Fisher
No Other Love - Perry Como
Vaya Con Dios - Les Paul & Mary Ford
A Dear John Letter - Jean Shepard & Ferlin Husky
Wooden Heart - Joe Dowell
Michael - The Highwaymen
You Don’t Know What You’ve Got (Until You Lose It) - Ral Donner
Tender Years - George Jones
Honky Tonk Women - The Rolling Stones
Sugar, Sugar - The Archies
Put a Little Love in Your Heart - Jackie DeShannon
A Boy Named Sue - Johnny Cash
Best of My Love - Emotions
I Just Want to Be Your Everything - Andy Gibb
(Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher - Rita Coolidge
Don’t It Make My Brown Eyes Blue - Crystal Gayle
The Power of Love - Huey Lewis & The News
St. Elmo’s Fire (Man in Motion) - John Parr
Freeway of Love - Aretha Franklin
Love is Alive - The Judds
Those were the days, my friend. We thought they‘d never end...
Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams
Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International
No portion of these files may be reproduced without the express, written permission of 440 International Inc.