Events - June 27
1787 - Edward Gibbon completed "The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire".
1884 - Lawrence Corcoran pitched his third no-hit baseball game, leading Chicago to a 6-0 win over Providence. Corcoran set a baseball record for no-hitters for the feat.
1885 - Chichester Bell and Charles S. Tainter applied for a patent for the gramophone. The patent was granted on May 4, 1886.
1949 - "Captain Video and His Video Rangers" premiered on the Dumont Television Network. Captain Video was initially played by Richard Coogan. The voice of radio’s "Green Hornet", Al Hodge, replaced Coogan in 1951. Don Hastings played the roll of the ranger until the series ended in 1955. Maybe, if you check the basement or the attic, you’ll find your Captain Video decoder ring. Now’s the time to use it, kids!
1955 - The first "Wide Wide World" was broadcast on NBC-TV. Dave Garroway, of the "Today" show, was the program host.
1958 - After nearly three years on NBC-TV, "Matinee Theatre" was seen for the final time. And a good thing, too. Critics called the show one of the most successful failures in theatrical history.
1959 - "West Side Story", with music by Leonard Bernstein, closed after 732 performances on Broadway. The show remains one of the brightest highlights in the history of the Great White Way.
1962 - Two albums of melancholy music by Jackie Gleason received gold record honors. "Music, Martinis and Memories" and "Music for Lovers Only" got the gold. Both were issued by Capitol Records in Hollywood.
1963 - Brenda Lee inked a new recording contract with Decca Records. She was guaranteed one million dollars over the following 20 years.
1964 - Ernest Borgnine and Ethel Merman were married. It did not turn out to be one of Hollywood’s most enduring marriages. The couple broke up 32 days later.
1969 - New York City police, attempting to serve a search warrant, charged into the well-known gay hangout, the Stonewall Inn. Events quickly got out of hand. Police ejected customers, managers, bouncers. Everyone got booted outside onto the sidewalk. The crowd became increasingly unruly and someone threw a bottle at the police. The plain-clothes police team was trapped inside the bar for over two hours before the the NYPD Tactical Patrol Force arrived and drove the mob from in front of the Stonewall. Police arrested and jailed many of the chanting gays. For the next few nights, the Stonewall Inn became the focal point of gay protests. The gay community began to organize and form committees to bring about change. Many feel that the Gay Liberation Movement had its beginnings with the Stonewall Inn Riots. (See 1999 below.)
1970 - The Jackson 5: Marlon, Tito, Jackie, Randy and Michael, jumped to number one on the music charts with "The Love You Save". The song stayed at the top of the charts for two weeks. It was the third of four number one hits in a row for the group. The other three were: "I Want You Back", "ABC" and "I’ll Be There". In 15 years (from 1969 to 1984), The Jackson 5/Jacksons had 23 hits, scored two platinum singles ("Enjoy Yourself" and "Shake Your Body [Down to the Ground]") and one gold record ("State of Shock").
1971 - Promoter Bill Graham closed the Fillmore East in New York City. It was a spin-off of San Francisco’s legendary rock ’n’ roll palace, Fillmore West (closed several days later). The Allman Brothers and J. Geils Band were among those performing on the final night. The New York City landmark and its San Francisco sister hosted just about every major rock group of the 1960s.
1972 - Bobby Hull signed a 10-year hockey contract for $2,500,000, as he became a player and coach of the Winnipeg Jets of the World Hockey Association.
1975 - Sonny and Cher (Bono) called it quits as husband and wife. They were divorced soon after their CBS-TV variety show was canceled. Sonny went on to become mayor of Palm Springs and then a U.S. Congressman from California. (He was killed Jan. 5, 1998 in a skiing accident.) Cher married rocker Gregg Alman just days after saying “bye-bye” to Sonny. She continued her recording career and became an Academy Award-winning actress.
1980 - The the "National Anthem Act", making "O Canada" Canada's national anthem, was unanimously accepted by the House of Commons and the Senate. Royal assent was also given this day. "O Canada", written by Calixa Lavallee and Adolphe-Basile Routhier, was officially proclaimed Canada's national anthem on July 1, 1980.
1981 - "Hi Infidelity", by REO Speedwagon, was replaced at number one by the LP, "Mistaken Identity", by singer Kim Carnes. "Hi Infidelity" had been number one on the album charts for 14 weeks.
1984 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that individual colleges could make their own TV package deals. The National Collegiate Athletic Association’s (NCAA) contracts with ABC, CBS and Turner Broadcasting were said to violate federal anti-trust laws.
1988 - Mike Tyson quickly retained his undisputed world heavyweight title by knocking out Michael Spinks in the first round. Fight fans at Atlantic City Convention Hall had paid big bucks (up to $1,500) to see this one. The match, touted in advance as “Once and for All” was all over in 91 seconds. No report on how many people blinked at the wrong time.
1992 - Michael Jackson kicked off the "Dangerous Tour" in Munich, Germany. 70,000 fans saw Jackson, with a helmet on and a fake rocket pack on his back, appear to fly off stage (or, maybe he really did). The tour would continue through November 11 stopping in some 42 cities.
1999 - Juli Inkster won the LPGA Championship in Wilmington, Delaware. She was the second woman to win the modern Grand Slam in the LPGA. Of the eight players who have won the four major championships of their era, no one took as long as Inkster: 16 seasons from the time she won the Dinah Shore as a rookie  to her victory in the LPGA Championship as a 39-year-old mother.
1999 - Sporting leather thongs, feather boas and political banners, gays and lesbians took to streets around the world in festive pride parades. The 29th annual Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender Pride Parade and Celebration took place in San Francisco, New York, Berlin, Manila and many other cities. Among the organizations taking part were the Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence, a gay veterans group, an antique auto club for gays and Roman Catholics in favor of gay rights. The pride marches commemorate the anniversary of the Stonewall Riots, when patrons of a gay bar in Greenwich Village (New York) fought back against a police raid. The bar, the Stonewall Inn, is now on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places. (See 1969 above.)
Birthdays - June 27
1859 - Mildred J. Hill (teacher, musician, composer [lyrics by her younger sister Patty Smith Hill]: Happy Birthday to You, originally: Good Morning to All; died Jun 5, 1916)
1880 - Helen Keller (author, educator; advocated new policies to help the blind live in normal surroundings; died Jun 1, 1968)
1907 - John (Herrick) McIntire (actor: Wagon Train, Honkytonk Man, Rooster Cogburn, Summer and Smoke, Psycho, Elmer Gantry; died Jan 30, 1991)
1912 - Audrey Christie (actress: Splendor in the Grass, Harper Valley P.T.A., Frankie and Johnny; died Dec 19, 1989)
1913 - Willie Mosconi (billiard player: World American Straight Pool champion: 6 times between 1941-1956; died Sep 12, 1993)
1920 - I.A.L. Diamond (screen writer: Some Like It Hot, Irma La Douce, The Apartment; died Apr 21, 1988)
1923 - Elmo Hope (musician: piano: group: The Elmo Hope Trio; died May 19, 1967)
1924 - Rosalie Allen (Julie Bedra) (country singer/yodeler: Guitar Polka, Yodel Boogie, He Taught Me How to Yodel; Country Music Disc Jockey Hall of Famer; died Sep 24, 2003)
1925 - (Jerome) Doc Pomus (songwriter: Boogie Woogie Country Girl, Lonely Avenue; w/Mort Shuman: A Teenager in Love, Turn Me Loose, Can’t Get Used to Losing You, Save the Last Dance for Me, This Magic Moment; Jerry Wexler [Atlantic Records co-owner]: “If the music industry had a heart, it would be Doc Pomus.”; inducted into Rock and Roll Hall of Fame ; died Mar 14, 1991)
1926 - Don (Bones) Raleigh (hockey: NHL: New York Rangers; died Aug 21, 2012)
1927 - Bob Keeshan (children's TV host: Captain Kangaroo; Clown Hall of Famer: Clarabell; died Jan 23, 2004)
1930 - H. Ross Perot (billionaire industrialist, philanthropist, U.S. presidential hopeful [1992, 1996])
1931 - Charles Bronfman (billionaire industrialist: Seagrams, Montreal Expos)
1932 - Eddie (Edward Michael) Kasko (baseball: SL Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds [World Series: 1961/all-star: 1961], Houston Colt .45’s, Houston Astros, Boston Red Sox)
1932 - Anna Moffo (opera singer: Metropolitan Opera [1959-1969]; died Mar 9, 2006)
1938 - Shirley Anne Field (actress: The Entertainer, Hear My Song, Shag: The Movie, Getting It Right, Two by Forsyth, My Beautiful Laundrette, House of the Living Dead, Alfie)
1940 - Sandra Smith (actress: The Interns)
1941 - Errol Mann (football: Oakland Raiders kicker: Super Bowl XI)
1942 - Frank Mills (musician: piano: Music Box Dancer)
1943 - Rico (Americo Peter) Petrocelli (baseball: Boston Red Sox [World Series: 1967, 1975/all-star: 1967, 1969])
1944 - Doug Buffone (football: Chicago Bears; died Apr 20, 2015)
1945 - Norma Kamali (fashion designer)
1948 - Vernon Holland (football: Tennessee State Univ., Cincinnati Bengals; died Apr 20, 1998)
1951 - Julia Duffy (actress: Designing Women, Newhart, Children in the Crossfire, Night Warning)
1955 - Isabelle Adjani (actress: Queen Margot, Ishtar, Subway, The Tenant, The Story of Adele H, The Slap)
1959 - Lorrie (Loretta Lynn) Morgan (singer, songwriter; daughter of country singer George Morgan)
1960 - Craig Hodges (basketball: Chicago Bulls)
1975 - Tobey Maguire (actor: Great Scott, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, The Cider House Rules, Spider-Man)
Chart Toppers - June 27
The Gypsy - The Ink Spots
They Say It’s Wonderful - Frank Sinatra
All Through the Day - Perry Como
New Spanish Two Step - Bob Wills
Little Things Mean a Lot - Kitty Kallen
Three Coins in the Fountain - The Four Aces
Hernando’s Hideaway - Archie Bleyer
I Don’t Hurt Anymore - Hank Snow
I Can’t Stop Loving You - Ray Charles
The Stripper - David Rose
Palisades Park - Freddy Cannon
She Thinks I Still Care - George Jones
The Love You Save - The Jackson 5
Mama Told Me (Not to Come) - Three Dog Night
Ball of Confusion - The Temptations
Hello Darlin’ - Conway Twitty
Shadow Dancing - Andy Gibb
Baker Street - Gerry Rafferty
It’s a Heartache - Bonnie Tyler
I’ll Be True to You - The Oak Ridge Boys
On My Own - Patti LaBelle & Michael McDonald
There’ll Be Sad Songs (To Make You Cry) - Billy Ocean
Crush on You - The Jets
Mama’s Never Seen Those Eyes - The Forester Sisters
Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...
Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams
Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International
No portion of these files may be reproduced without the express, written permission of 440 International Inc.