Events - July 16
1790 - The District of Columbia, or Washington, D.C., was established as the permanent seat of the United States Government.
1912 - Bradley A. Fiske patented the airplane torpedo. Kids, please, don’t try this at home or near electric lines. And stay off the roof, too!
1926 - The first underwater color photographs appeared in "National Geographic" magazine. The pictures were taken near the Florida Keys.
1934 - The NBC Red radio network premiered the musical drama, "Dreams Come True". It was a show about baritone singer Barry McKinley and his novelist sweetheart.
1935 - The first automatic parking meter was installed in Oklahoma City, OK. You could drive up and park for only a nickel in places where parking used to be free.
1945 - "The Gadget", the experimental, plutonium bomb, exploded at 5:30 a.m. in the first U.S. test of an atomic bomb. The mushroom-shaped cloud rose to a height of 41,000 feet above the New Mexico desert at Alamogordo Air Base. All life in a one-mile radius ceased to exist.
1950 - The largest crowd in sporting history -- 199,854 -- watched the World Cup soccer finals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Uruguay defeated Brazil. “Scccoooorrrreeeeee!”
1970 - The Pittsburgh Pirates played their first game at Three Rivers Stadium. The Bucs had spent 61 baseball seasons at Forbes Field. Cincinnati’s Reds spoiled the housewarming for the Pirates with a 3-2 win. The game also marked the first time the Pirates wore new double-knit uniforms which became commonplace throughout both the American and National Leagues.
1981 - Jack Nicklaus played his worst round of professional golf. He scored a 13-over-par 83 at the British Open. He came back the next day, however, and whipped the field with a four-under-par 66.
1981 - After 23 years of familiarity with the name, Datsun, executives of Nissan, the Japanese automaker, played with our minds and changed the name of their cars to Nissan. Nissan didn’t begin to show up on nameplates in the U.S. until the 1985 models were released.
1981 - Singer Harry Chapin died in a car crash in New York. Chapin, a folk-rock balladeer, was 38. His hit songs included "Taxi", "W-O-L-D" and the million seller, "Cat’s in the Cradle". He was a champion of the hungry and homeless and organized a massive effort to provide food for the needy. This was his legacy to the world; his work continues by other performers.
1985 - The largest crowd to see a baseball game in Minnesota came out to see Darryl Strawberry of the New York Mets score two runs to lead the National League to a 6-1 victory over the American League. The All-Star Game crowd numbered 54,960. It was the 12th win in 13 games for the National League.
1985 - The All-Star Game, televised this day, was the first program broadcast in stereo by a TV network. The NBC milestone soon led to sound enhancement of other network shows.
1986 - Columbia Records announced that after 28 years with the label, the contract of country star Johnny Cash would not be renewed. Cash recorded 13 hits on the pop music charts from 1956 to 1976 -- all but four on Columbia. The others were on Sam Phillips’ Memphis-based label, Sun. Cash’s biggest hit for Columbia was "A Boy Named Sue" in 1969.
1990 - An earthquake measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale devastated the Philippines, killing over 1,600 people. A thousand more were missing. Damage was reported in Manila, Cabanatuan, Baguio and Luzon. It was the worst earthquake in that part of the world since 1976.
1999 - John F. Kennedy Jr.’s plane crashed into the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Martha’s Vineyard (Massachusetts), killing him, his wife and his sister-in- law. The three had been en route to a Kennedy family wedding. The National Transportation Safety Board concluded that Kennedy suffered from spatial disorientation, brought on by a loss of balance in the inner ear. Kennedy’s problems were exacerbated by the hazy night sky and his inability to see the horizon. The NTSB also said investigators did not find any mechanical problems with Kennedy’s plane, a single-engine Piper Saratoga II.
Birthdays - July 16
1486 - Andrea del Sarto (Vanucchi or di Francesco) (Italian Renaissance artist; subject of poem by Robert Browning; died Sep 29, 1530)
1723 - Sir Joshua Reynolds (artist: The Age of Innocence, Mrs. Siddons as the Tragic Muse, The Infant Hercules, The Strawberry Girl, Garrick Between Comedy and Tragedy; portrait painter: Samuel Johnson, David Garrick, Lawrence Stern, Oliver Goldsmith; 1st president of the Royal Academy; died Feb 23, 1792)
1821 - Mary Baker Eddy (religious leader: founder of Christian Science; died Dec 3, 1910)
1862 - Ida Wells (journalist, antilynching activist: Red Record [first account of lynchings of blacks in U.S. South]; died Mar 25, 1931)
1872 - Roald Amundsen (explorer: discovered South Pole [Dec 14, 1911]; first man to sail from from the Atlantic to Pacific through the Northwest Passage [1903-1905]; lost at sea while flying rescue mission to airship Italia [stranded in the arctic] June 22, 1928)
1907 - Orville Redenbacher (popcorn gourmet & tycoon; died Sep 19, 1995)
1907 - Barbara Stanwyck (Ruby Stevens) (actress: nominated for Best Actress Oscar 4 times out of her 82 films: Stella Dallas , Ball of Fire , Double Indemnity , Sorry Wrong Number ; Emmy Awards for: The Barbara Stanwyck Show [1960-1961], Big Valley [1965-1966], The Thorn Birds ; died Jan 20, 1990)
1911 - Ginger Rogers (Virginia Katherine McMath) (Academy Award-winning actress: Kitty Foyle ; dancer with Fred Astaire in many musicals; appeared in over 70 films in 60 years; died Apr 25, 1995)
1915 - Barnard Hughes (Emmy Award-winning actor: Lou Grant ; Prelude to a Kiss, The Guiding Light, Sisters, Doc; died July 11, 2006)
1920 - Larry (Lawrence Joseph) Jansen (baseball: pitcher: NY Giants [all-star: 1950, 1951/World Series: 1951], Cincinnati Redlegs; died Oct 10, 2009)
1924 - Bess Myerson (Miss America , actress, corporate spokesperson, civic leader; died Dec 14, 2014)
1925 - Cal Tjader (Callen Radcliffe Tjader Jr.) (Grammy Award-winning musician: vibes, piano, percussion; composer: Cast Your Fate to the Winds , La Onda Va Bien ; soundtracks for Peanuts TV cartoons; died May 5, 1982)
1925 - Nat Pierce (musician: jazz rhythm pianist; cobandleader: Capp-Pierce Juggernaut; died June 10, 1992)
1927 - Mindy Carson (singer: You’re Not In My Arms Tonight, The Touch of Your Lips, Let’s Go To Town [w/The Dorsey Brothers])
1930 - Joey Giardello (Carmine Tilelli) (International Boxing Hall of Famer: World Middleweight Champion [1963-1965]; died Sep 4, 2008)
1932 - Max (William) McGee (football: Green Bay Packers wide receiver: Super Bowl I [made juggled reception to score first Super Bowl touchdown], II; died Oct 20, 2007)
1939 - Corin Redgrave (actor: Persuasion, Four Weddings and a Funeral, In the Name of the Father, Excalibur, Between Wars, The Charge of the Light Brigade, A Man for All Seasons; brother of actresses Vanessa and Lynn Redgrave; died Apr 6, 2010)
1940 - Tony Jackson (musician: bass, singer: group: Searchers: Sweets for My Sweet, Needles & Pins, Don’t Throw Your Love Away, When You Walk into the Room, Goodbye My Love; died Aug 18, 2003)
1941 - Desmond Dekker (Dacris) (reggae musician: Israelites, 007 [Shanty Town], You Can Get It if You Really Want; died May 25, 2006)
1942 - Margaret Smith Court (International Tennis Hall of Famer: champion: Australian Open: [1960-1966], French Open [1962, 1964, 1969, 1970, 1973], Wimbledon [1963, 1965, 1970], U.S. Open [1962, 1965, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1973])
1943 - Jimmy Johnson (football: champion college coach: Miami; pro coach: Dallas Cowboys: Super Bowl XXVII, XXVIII)
1948 - Rubén Blades (Grammy Award-winning singer [1986, 1988]; duet [w/Linda Ronstadt]: Silencios; songwriter: El Cantante, Tu Carino, GDBD, Move It!; actor: Color of Night, The Two Jakes, One Man’s War, Dead Man Out, The Milagro Beanfield War, Homeboy, Crossover Dreams, The Last Fight)
1948 - Bob Murray (hockey: NHL: Atlanta Flames, Vancouver Canucks)
1948 - Pinchas Zukerman (violinist, orchestra conductor: 100 releases, 21 Grammy nominations, two awards)
1950 - Camille Saviola (actress: The Heights, Civil Wars, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine)
1951 - Jerry Sisemore (football: Philadelphia Eagles tackle: Super Bowl XV)
1952 - Stewart Copeland (musician: drums: group: Police: Fall Out, Every Breath You Take, LP: The Equalizer & Other Cliffhangers)
1958 - Michael Flatley (dancer, performer: Lord of the Dance)
1963 - Phoebe Cates (actress: Gremlins, Drop Dead Fred, Princess Caraboo, Bright Lights, Big City, Fast Times at Ridgemont High)
1967 - Will Ferrell (comedian, actor: Saturday Night Live, Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery, Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me, The Suburbans, The Ladies Man, The Andy Dick Show, The Ladies Man, Zoolander, Elf, Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy)
1971 - Corey (Scott) Feldman (actor: License to Drive, The ’Burbs, National Lampoon’s Last Resort, The Goonies, Gremlins, voice: Donatello in Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles)
Chart Toppers - July 16
Some Enchanted Evening - Perry Como
Bali Ha’i - Perry Como
Again - Gordon Jenkins
One Kiss Too Many - Eddy Arnold
Teddy Bear - Elvis Presley
Searchin’/Young Blood - The Coasters
Valley of Tears/It’s You I Love - Fats Domino
Bye Bye Love - The Everly Brothers
(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction - The Rolling Stones
Wonderful World - Herman’s Hermits
Yes, I’m Ready - Barbara Mason
Before You Go - Buck Owens
Will It Go Round in Circles - Billy Preston
Kodachrome - Paul Simon
Bad, Bad Leroy Brown - Jim Croce
Love is the Foundation - Loretta Lynn
Bette Davis Eyes - Kim Carnes
All Those Years Ago - George Harrison
The One that You Love - Air Supply
Fire & Smoke - Earl Thomas Conley
Satisfied - Richard Marx
Buffalo Stance - Neneh Cherry
Baby Don’t Forget My Number - Milli Vanilli
I Don’t Want to Spoil the Party - Roseanne Cash
Those were the days, my friend. We thought they‘d never end...
Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams
Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International
No portion of these files may be reproduced without the express, written permission of 440 International Inc.