Events - August 26
1498 - The master artist, Michelangelo, was commissioned to make the "Pieta". Originally intended as a monument for his tomb, Michelangelo’s Florentine Pieta has interested historians for centuries because the four- figure sculpture does not feature the perfect proportions that are the hallmark of Michelangelo’s work.
1873 - The first public school kindergarten in the U.S. was authorized by the school board of St. Louis, MO.
1883 - The first of a series of increasingly violent explosions occurred on the Indonesian island of Krakatoa. On the morning of the next day, the world’s largest explosion was heard some three thousand miles away. The volcanic island exploded, spewing five cubic miles of earth into the air -- fifty miles high. It created tidal waves up to 120 feet high, killed 36,000 people and caused oceanic and atmospheric changes over a period of many years.
1918 - Frank Bacon starred as "Lightnin’" lit up the Gaiety Theatre in New York City. The play became the first to run for more than 1,000 performances.
1920 - The 19th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States was certified by Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby. The amendment prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex -- in the voting booth. In other words, it gave women in the United States the right to vote. In 1973, Congresswoman Bella Abzug presented a bill to Congress designating this day as Women’s Equality Day. The President issued a proclamation and in 1974 it became Public Law #93-382.
1939 - The radio program "Arch Oboler’s Plays" presented the NBC Symphony, for the first time, as the musical backdrop for the drama, "This Lonely Heart".
1939 - Red Barber announced the first televised baseball games -- on New York’s WXBS. The Brooklyn Dodgers and the Cincinnati Reds played a doubleheader for the occasion.
1947 - Don Bankhead became the first black pitcher in major-league baseball this day. The Brooklyn Dodger hurler helped his own cause by slamming a home run in his first appearance at the plate.
1950 - Bobby Riggs signed ‘Gorgeous Gussie’ (Gertrude) Moran to his pro tennis troupe for a mininum salary of $75,000 a year.
1957 - The Ford Motor Company rolled out the first Edsel automobile. 110,847 of the cars were built before Ford pulled the plug due to lack of sales. The car was named Edsel for the company founder’s son, Edsel Bryant Ford.
1961 - The NHL Hockey Hall of Fame opened in Toronto, Canada.
1970 - Jimi Hendrix opened his recording studio in New York City. Because of its state-of-the-art 36-track recording capability, it attracted many top rock groups.
1973 - David Eisenhower wrote his final sports column for the "Philadelphia Bulletin" newspaper. The article was about the Philadelphia Phillies.
1981 - Steve Ovett recaptured the mile-run record which had been taken from him just a week earlier by Sebastian Coe. Ovett’s new world record time was 3:48.40.
1982 - Rickey Henderson tied Lou Brock’s 1974 record of 118 stolen bases in a season as the Milwaukee Brewers downed the Kansas City Royals, 10-3.
1984 - John Henry, a nine-year-old gelding, came from behind to win the $600,000 Arlington Million race in suburban Chicago, IL. The lifetime earnings of the famous horse reached $5,482,797.
1992 - A no-fly zone was imposed on southern Iraq. Operation Southern Watch was orchestrated by the United States, France and Britain. The campaign supported U.N. Security Council resolutions containing Iraq, protecting Kuwait, and keeping pressure on Saddam Hussein’s Iraqi regime.
1995 - Seal (Seal Henry Olusegun Olumide Samuel) hit #1 with the single, "Kiss from a Rose". It was at the tippy top of U.S. tune tabulations for just one week.
Birthdays - August 26
1873 - Lee DeForest (inventor: held patents for hundreds items including the triode tube: a three element vacuum tube which later became the audion tube: a significant invention that made radio possible; autobiography: ‘Father of Radio’ ; died June 30, 1961)
1894 - Sparky (Earl John) Adams (baseball: Chicago Cubs, Pittsburgh Pirates, SL Cardinals [World Series: 1930, 1931], Cincinnati Reds; died Feb 24, 1989)
1904 - Christopher Isherwood (author: Goodbye to Berlin; died Jan 4, 1986)
1906 - Albert Sabin (polio researcher: the Sabin oral polio vaccine; died Mar 03, 1993)
1909 - Jim Davis (actor: Inferno in Paradise, Don’t Look Back: The Story of Leroy ‘Satchel’ Page, Little Big Horn, The Outcast; died Apr 26, 1981)
1910 - Mother Teresa (Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu) (Nobel Peace Prize-winner : missionary, humanitarian; died Sep 5, 1997; died Sep 5, 1997)
1917 - Jan Clayton (actress: Lassie, Pantomime Quiz; died Aug 28, 1983)
1919 - Ronny Graham (Ronald Montcrief Stringer) (singer, actor: Chico and the Man, The New Bill Cosby Show, The Hudson Brothers Show, The Bob Crane Show; died July 4, 1999)
1921 - Ben (Benjamin C.) Bradlee (executive editor: The Washington Post; vice-president-at-large: The Washington Post Company; died Oct 21, 2014)
1922 - Irving R. Levine (broadcast journalist; author: Main Street U.S.S.R., Travel Guide to Russia, The New Worker in Soviet Russia, Main Street Italy; died Mar 27, 2009)
1924 - Alex (Alexander Raymond) Kellner (baseball: pitcher: Philadelphia Athletics [all-star: 1949], KC Athletics, Cincinnati Redlegs, St. Louis Cardinals; died May 03, 1996)
1934 - Tommy Heinsohn (Basketball Hall of Famer: Boston Celtics: Rookie of the Year [1956-57], NBA Coach of the Year )
1934 - James Hylton (auto racer: NASCAR Rookie of the Year: 1966)
1935 - Geraldine Ferraro (first woman to be nominated for vice president of the U.S. by a major political party [Democratic Party, 1984]; died Mar 26, 2011)
1937 - Don Bowman (comedian, entertainer: Still Fighting Mental Health, Poor Old Ugly Gladys Jones, Giddyup Do-nut, Chit Atkins Make Me a Star; died Jun 5, 2013)
1938 - Jet Black (Brian Duffy) (musician: drums: group: The Stranglers: Grip, Peaches, No More Heroes, Walk on By, Golden Brown, Skin Deep, Nice in Nice)
1939 - Bill White (hockey: NHL: LA Kings, Chicago Blackhawks)
1940 - Vic Dana (singer: Red Roses for a Blue Lady)
1946 - Swede Savage (auto racer: killed in crash during Indianapolis 500: 1973)
1949 - Bob Cowsill (singer: group: The Cowsills: The Rain, the Park and Other Things)
1952 - Michael Jeter (Emmy Award-winning actor: Evening Shade ; Hot House, The Boys Next Door, Waterworld, Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit, Gypsy, The Fisher King, Miller’s Crossing, The Green Mile; died Mar 30, 2003)
1957 - John O’Neill (musician: guitar: groups: That Petrol Emotion: Keen, V2; The Undertones: Teenage Kicks, Jimmy, Jimmy, Here Comes Summer, My Perfect Cousin, Julie Ocean, Forever Paradise, It’s Going to Happen)
1957 - Alex (Alejandro Castro) Trevino (baseball: catcher: NY Mets, Cincinnati Reds, Atlanta Braves, SF Giants, LA Dodgers, Houston Astros)
1960 - Branford Marsalis (musician: saxophone: bandleader: The Tonight Show; toured with Sting)
1980 - Macaulay Culkin (actor: Home Alone series, Getting Even with Dad, George Balanchine’s The Nutcracker, The Good Son, My Girl, Uncle Buck, Only the Lonely, The Pagemaster, Richie Rich)
Chart Toppers - August 26
If I Loved You - Perry Como
Till the End of Time - Perry Como
On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe - Johnny Mercer
You Two Timed Me One Time Too Often - Tex Ritter
I’m Walking Behind You - Eddie Fisher
No Other Love - Perry Como
You, You, You - The Ames Brothers
Hey Joe! - Carl Smith
Tossin’ and Turnin’ - Bobby Lewis
Wooden Heart - Joe Dowell
Michael - The Highwaymen
Tender Years - George Jones
Honky Tonk Women - The Rolling Stones
Sweet Caroline - Neil Diamond
Put a Little Love in Your Heart - Jackie DeShannon
A Boy Named Sue - Johnny Cash
Best of My Love - Emotions
(Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher - Rita Coolidge
Easy - Commodores
Way Down - Elvis Presley
The Power of Love - Huey Lewis & The News
St. Elmo’s Fire (Man in Motion) - John Parr
Freeway of Love - Aretha Franklin
Real Love - Kenny Rogers & Dolly Parton
Those were the days, my friend. We thought they‘d never end...
Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams
Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International
No portion of these files may be reproduced without the express, written permission of 440 International Inc.